გოტლიბ ფრეგე – საზრისი და ნომინანტი

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    aucileblobis aspeqtebi: aprioruloba igiveoba winaaRmdegoba redaqtorebi leri mWedliSvili da Tamar cxadaZe savle wereTlis filosofiis instituti Tbilisi 2009  goTlob frege sazrissa da nominatze *   [25] toloba 1  masTan dakavSirebul bevr iseT kiTxvaze dagvafiqrebs, romlebzec ioli ar aris pasuxis gacema. aris is mimarTeba? mimarTeba sagnebs Soris? Tu sagnebis saxelebs an niSnebs Soris? me es meore Tvalsazrisi gavi-ziare Cems  Begriffsschrift- Si .  mis sasargeblod Semdegi sabu-Tebi unda arsebobdes: ` a=a ~ da ` a=b ~ aSkarad gnsxvavebu-li SemecnebiTi Rirebulebis mqone winadadebebia: ` a=a ~ apriorulad marTebulia da kantis mixedviT analizuri unda ewodos, xolo ` a=b ~ formis winadadebebi xSirad Seicavs Cveni conis uaRresad Rirebul gafarToebas da yovelTvis apriorulad ver dafuZndeba. aRmoCena, rom yovel diliT axali mze ki ar amodis, aramed erTi da igive, udavod iyo erT-erTi yvelaze mniSvnelovani aRmo-Cena astronomiaSi. dResac ki, romelime patara planetis an kometis amocnoba [26] yovlTvis ioli ar aris. Tu tolobaSi davinaxavdiT ` a ~ da `  b ~ saxelebiT aRniSnul sagnebs Soris mimarTebas, maSin gamovidoda, rom ` a=b ~ da  ` a=a ~ ar SeiZleba sxvadasxva iyos, Tuki ` a=b ~ WeSmaritia. radgan am ukanaskneli winadadebiT gamoxatuli iqneboda sagnis Tavis TavTan mimarTeba, saxeldobr, mimarTeba, ro-melic yovel sagans aqvs Tavis TavTan da arc erTs  –   romelime sxva saganTan. risi Tqmac ` a=b ~ winadadebiT  gvinda, TiTqos is unda iyos, rom ` a ~ da `  b ~ saxelebi an niSnebi erTsa da imaves aRniSnavs da maSin naTqvami Tvi-   *  Gottlob Frege, Über Sinn und Bedeutung //  Zeitschrift für Philosophie und  philosophische Kritik  , NF 100, 1892, 25-50.  kvadratul frCxilebSi miTiTebulia srcinalis gverdis nomrebi; arabulad danomrilia avtoris SeniSvnebi; varskvlaviT (*) miTiTebulia mTargmnelis SeniSvnebi. 1   am sityvas viyeneb igiveobis [identurobis] mniSvnelobiT da  ` a=b ~ mesmis Semdegi azriT: ` a  igivea, rac  b ~ an ` a  da  b   erTmaneTs emTxveva~.    go lob frege 186 Ton am niSnebs exeba da is maT Soris raRac mimarTebis arsebobis mtkiceba iqneba. magram saxelebs an niSnebs So-ris es mimarTeba mxolod imdenad SeiZleba arsebobdes, ramdenadac isini asaxeleben an aRniSnaven raRacas. es mi-marTeba gaSualebuli iqneba imiT, rom TiToeuli saxeli dakavSirebulia erTsa da imave aRniSnulTan. magram es  kavSiri TviTneburia. veravis avukrZalavT nebismierad SerCeuli procesis an sagnis nebismieri sxva raRacis niS-nad gamoyenebas. ase gamovidoda, rom ` a=b ~ formis wina-dadeba ukve exeba ara Tavad sagnebs, aramed mxolod aR-niSvnebis Cvens wess; da misiT veRar gamovTqvamdiT nam-dvil codnas. magram bevr SemTxvevaSi Cven swored es  gvinda. Tu niSani ` a ~ niSan `  b ~-sgan gansxvavdeba mxolod rogorc sagani (aq Tavisi moxazulobiT) da ara rogorc niSani, anu ara im wesiT, romliTac is raRacas aRniS-navs, maSin ` a=a ~-s SemecnebiTi Rirebuleba arsebiTad igi- ve iqneba, rac ` a=b ~-si, Tuki ` a=b ~ WeSmaritia. gansxvaveba mxolod maSin SeiZleba arsebobdes, Tu niSnebs Soris  gansxvaveba Seesabameba gansxvavebas im wesebs Soris, rom-lebiTac maT mier aRniSnuli sagnebi mogvecema. davuSvaT, a  ,  b  da c  monakveTebi samkuTxedis wveroebs mopirdapire  gverdebis Sua wertilebTan aerTebs. maSin a- sa da  b -s ga-dakveTis wertili iqneba igive, rac  b -sa da c -s gadakveTis wertili. amrigad, gvaqvs erTi da igive wertilis ori  gansxvavebuli aRniSvna da es saxelebi (` a -sa da  b -s gadak- veTis wertili~, `  b -sa da c -s gadakveTis wertili~) aseve miuTiTebs misi mocemis wesebs. amitomac Seicavs es wina-dadeba namdvil codnas. TavisTavad Cndeba azri, rom niSans (saxels, Sesityve-bas, werilobiT niSans) garda aRniSnuli sagnisa, romel-sac SeiZleba niSnis nominati vuwodoT, aseve ukavSirdeba is, rasac me vuwodebdi niSnis sazriss da rac moicavs sagnis mocemis wess. *  maSin gamova, rom Cvens magaliTSi [27] frazebs ` a -sa da  b -s gadakveTis wertili~ da `  b -sa da c -s gadakveTis wertili~ erTi da igive aqvT swored *   TargmanisTvis   terminebis `nominatisa~ da `sazrisis~ SerCevis Sesaxeb ixileT bolos darTuli komentari.  sazrissa da nominatze 187 nominati, magram ara sazrisi. aseve erTi da igivea `mwux-ris varskvlavis~ da `ciskris varskvlavis~ nominati, mag-ram ara sazrisi. zemoTqmulidan naTelia, rom aq me `niSani~ an `saxe-li~ mesmis, rogorc nebismieri aRniSvna, romelic sakuTa-ri saxelis rols asrulebs da romlis nominatic, amri- gad, aris garkveuli sagani (am sityvis ufarToesi mniS- vnelobiT) da ara  –   cneba an mimarTeba, romelTa ganxil- vas calke gamokvleva unda mieZRvnas. *  calkeuli obieqtis aRniSvna SeiZleba ramdenime sityvisgan an sxva niSnebisaga-nac Sedgebodes. simoklisaTvis yvela aseT aRniSvnas saku-Tar saxels vuwodebT. sakuTari saxelis sazriss wvdeba yvela, vinc sakmari-sad icis is ena an aRniSvnaTa mTlianoba, romelsac saxe-li miekuTvneba; 2  magram amiT nominati, Tu is arsebobs, yovelTvis mxolod calmxrivad aris gaSuqebuli. nomina-tis yovelmxrivi codnisaTvis saWiroa, rom yoveli moce-muli sazrisisaTvis dauyovneblad SegveZlos vTqvaT, mie- kuTvneba Tu ara is am nominats. amas verasdros Sev-ZlebT. niSans, mis sazrissa da mis nominats Soris kanonzo-mieri kavSiri iseTia, rom niSans Seesabameba erTi garkve-uli sazrisi, xolo am ukanasknels  –   erTi garkveuli no-minati, maSin, rodesac erTsa da imave nominats (sagans) ara mxolod erTi niSani miekuTvneba. erTi da igive saz-risi sxvadasxva enaSi, erTsa da imave enaSic ki, sxvadasxva-   *   freges mxedvelobaSi aqvs Tavisi imave, 1892 wels gamoqveynebu-li statia `cnebasa da saganze~  ( Über Begriff und Gegenstand // Vierteljahresschrift für wissenschaftliche Philosophie , Bd. 16, 1892, 192-205) . 2  Tavisuflad SeiZleba azrTa sxvadasxvaoba arsebobdes namdvi-li sakuTari saxelis, rogoricaa `aristotele~, sazrisis Sesa-xeb. magaliTad, vinmem mis sazrisad SeiZleba miiRos: platonis moswavle da aleqsandre didis maswavlebeli. visac es saxeli ase esmis, is winadadebasTan `aristotele stagiraSi daibada~ ar daakavSirebs imave sazriss, rasac is, vinc am saxelis sazri-sad iRebs: aleqsandre makedonelis stagireli maswavlebeli. im-denad, ramdenadac nominati igive rCeba, sazrisSi es gadaxrebi dasaSvebia; Tumca, maT unda veridoT demonstraciuli mecni- erebis sistemebSi, srulyofil enaSi ki isini ar unda davuSvaT .
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