A Vision of Powerful Social Studies Teaching and Learning

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A Vision of Powerful Social Studies Teaching and Learning. How to achieve the 5 characteristics of “Good” Social Studies. A Philosophical View of Teacher and Student.
A Vision of Powerful Social Studies Teaching and Learning How to achieve the 5 characteristics of “Good” Social Studies A Philosophical View of Teacher and Student
  • Teachers should not only expose their students to curriculum content but should also provide them with opportunities to think and communicate in ways that will help students construct a working knowledge of such content.
  • A Worldly View of Content
  • The content of Social Studies focuses on the world—near and far, social and civic, past, present, and future
  • What is “social”?
  • What is “civic”?
  • The Source of Content
  • Effective Social Studies teaching draws this content from the social studies foundational disciplines (such as geography, government, and history) and links it with knowledge that students have acquired through life experiences and the media.
  • Powerful Teaching and Learning
  • …social studies teaching and learning are powerful when they are meaningful, integrative, value-based, challenging, and active.
  • These five key features are considered equally important.
  • Meaningful
  • …meaningful to both teachers and students
  • …students learn connected networks of knowledge, skills, beliefs and attitudes that they will find useful both in and outside of school
  • …content is taught in ways that relate to each student’s culture and assists the student in recognizing its value
  • …students’ learning efforts are motivated by appreciation and interest, not just by accountability and grading systems
  • Meaningful
  • Facts and ideas…[and] skills are embedded in networks of knowledge, skills, beliefs, and attitudes that are structured around important ideas and taught emphasizing their connections and potential applications
  • Teacher-student interactions emphasize thoughtful discussion of connected major themes…
  • …teaching emphasizes authentic activities and assessment tasks—opportunities for students to engage in the sorts of applications of content that justify the inclusion of that content in the curriculum
  • Meaningful
  • This vision…implies that the teacher is reflective in planning, implementing, and assessing instruction.
  • Reflective teachers…construct well-articulated ideas about their students’ citizen education needs, plan their social studies teaching accordingly, and continue to adjust their practices in response to classroom feedback and growth in their own professional knowledge
  • Integrative
  • …integrative in its treatment of topics…in ways that promote students’ social understanding and civic efficacy
  • What is “civic efficacy”?
  • …integrative across time and space, connecting past experiences and looking ahead to the future
  • …integrates knowledge, skills, beliefs, values and attitudes to action…it teaches skills within the context of applying knowledge
  • Value-Based
  • …considers the ethical dimensions of topics and addresses controversial issues
  • Students learn to be respectful of the dignity and rights of others when interacting socially, and to emphasize basic democratic concepts and principles when making personal policy decisions or participating in civic affairs
  • [Students] learn to gather and analyze relevant information, assess the merits of competing arguments, and make reasonable decisions that include consideration of the values within alternative[s]
  • Value-Based
  • The best social studies teachers develop awareness of their own values and how those values influence their selection of content, materials, questions, activities, and assessment methods. They assess their teaching from multiple perspectives and, where appropriate, adjust it to achieve a better balance.
  • Powerful social studies teaching encourages recognition of opposing points of view, respect for well-supported positions, sensitivity to cultural similarities and differences, and a commitment to social responsibility and action.
  • Challenging
  • …teacher encourages the class to function as a learning community
  • They are challenged to come to grips with controversial issues, to participate assertively but respectfully in group discussions, and to work productively with partners or groups of peers in cooperative learning activities.
  • …the teacher models seriousness of purpose and a thoughtful approach to inquiry and uses instructional strategies designed to elicit and support similar qualities from students
  • Challenging
  • …students are expected to connect thoughtfully what they are learning to their prior knowledge and experience, to offer comments, and to raise questions.
  • Many of the questions call for critical or creative thinking, suggested solutions to problems, or reasoned positions…such questions often produce numerous and conflicting responses…the teacher withholds evaluation and instead invites the students to engage in sustained dialogue and debate. This shifts some of the authority for evaluating the validity of knowledge from teacher to students.
  • Challenging
  • Instead of always accepting students’ views or asking the class to discuss them, the teacher sometimes challenges students’ assumptions or responds with comments or questions that help students identify misconceptions, flaws in the argument, or unrecognized complications.
  • Active
  • …the teacher actively make[s] curricular plans and adjustments
  • Besides advance planning and preparation, active social studies teaching requires reflective thinking and decision-making as events unfold during instruction.
  • Students develop new understanding through a process of active construction. They do not passively receive or copy curriculum content; rather, they actively process it by relating it to what they already know (or think they know) about the topic.
  • Active
  • Teacher and student roles shift as learning progresses.
  • The learning is active because the curriculum emphasizes hands-on (and minds-on) activities that call for students to react to what they are learning and use it for some authentic purpose…authentic activities that call for using content for accomplishing life applications
  • For example…debates…cooperative learning, construction of models or plans, dramatic re-creations…role-play and simulation activities…participating in various social and civic roles
  • Implications for Our Teaching
  • Meaningful—NOT data recall or trivial pursuit; WITH applications to real life
  • Integrative—why can’t Social Studies be the core of elementary education?
  • Value-Based—deals with controversial issues; addresses citizenship and character education
  • Challenging—sets high levels of thinking;NOT “high standards” of marks
  • Active—emphasizes assessment of student growth rather than evaluation and reporting of grades
  • Implications for EDEL 335
  • All of our daily discussions, Gerry’s sample lessons, student presentations and assignments will be authentic applications of this vision.
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