American literature III

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VY_32_INOVACE_15-1 4. American literature III. From WWI to WWII. The USA and 20th century. progress in industry – more powerful than ever involved in both world wars faced with economic problems fighting for civil rights impact on modern American literature
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VY_32_INOVACE_15-14 Americanliterature III From WWI to WWII The USA and 20th century
  • progress in industry – more powerfulthanever
  • involved in bothworldwars
  • facedwitheconomicproblems
  • fightingfor civil rights
  • impact on modernAmericanliterature
  • WWI influencedthe post – wargenerationofwriters = „TheLostGeneration“
  • artisticlevelofAmer. literature
  • short story brought to perfection
  • ERNEST HEMINGWAY
  • 1899 - 1961
  • Life:
  • secondofsixchildrenofanartistand a doctor
  • father: hunting, fishing = courage, endurance – topics / + war, bullfighting/
  • travelling: Spain, Africa, skiingtoo
  • depressions, suicide
  • Jobs:
  • reporter
  • WWI – RedCross ambulance driver
  • WWII – warcorrespondent
  • participation in theliberationof Paris
  • Ernest Hemingway Autor: neznámý, Název: Ernest Hemingway 1923 passportphoto.TIF.jpg Zdroj: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Ernest_Hemingway_1923_passport_photo.TIF.jpg Autor: neznámý, Název: Ernest Hemingway 1950.jpg Zdroj: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Ernest_Hemingway_1950.jpg Hemingway`s work
  • The Sun Also Rises / Fiesta
  • A Farewell to Arms – WWI, Catherine(nurse) and Henry(ambul. driver)
  • The Green Hills of Africa
  • For Whom the Bells Tolls – Spanish Civil War, Robert Jordan, WWII, Robert Jordan is an American who travels to Spain to oppose the nationalist forces of Fran. Franco F
  • The Old Man and the Sea– after WWII, Cuban fisherman Santiago,
  • theNobel Prize 1954ranco
  • WILLIAM FAULKNER
  • 1897 - 1962
  • a great Am.prosodist, described the life of the South, naturalistic fiction
  • The Sound and the Fury - chaotic, difficult, 4 days, between wars
  • As I Lay Dying
  • FRAN. SCOTT FITZGERLAD
  • 1896 - 1940
  • Lost Generation`s writer,
  • representative of “Jazz Age”
  • Great Gatsby – Gatsby – psychological effect of wealth - unhappy, no love, lies, hypocrisy, suicide, one friend Nick
  • Fr. ScottFitzgerald Autor: Carl van Vechten Název: FrancisScottFitzgerald 1937 June 4 (2) (photo by Carl van Vechten).jpg Zdroj: http://cs.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soubor:Francis_Scott_Fitzgerald_1937_June_4_(2)_(photo_by_Carl_van_Vechten).jpg JOHN STEINBECK
  • 1902 - 1968
  • great Am. realist- people working in the west, defended the poor, different people, describes the 30`s in America
  • naturalistic world + sympathy for people
  • reporter for N.Y.newspaper – didn`t like it, articles, poems, stories, novels - Nobel Prize 1962
  • Of Mice and Men– two homeless who are looking a job on a farm: Lennie and George /friendship, racism
  • The Grapes of the Wrath – Joad family (Tom, Casy, …)from Oklahoma- to California
  • John Steinbeck Autor: neznámý, Název: JohnSteinbeckcrop.JPG Zdroj: http://cs.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soubor:JohnSteinbeck_crop.JPG THEODOR DREISER
  • 1871 – 1945
  • criticism of Amer.society - carrier, wealth, Amer. dream
  • American Tragedy
  • Clyde Griffith – desire for wealth, women
  • a poor farm girl Roberta
  • another richer girl
  • pregnancy, troubles, murder, death penalty
  • POETRY
  • modernism:
  • T.S.Elliot - ‘The Waste Land’ – reaction to WWI, helpelessness against death
  • Nobel Prize
  • E. Pound – one of the best poets at those times
  • Chinese liter, Italy, Mussolini, fascism, mental home
  • Carl Sandburg – Chicago Renaissance
  • ‘Biography of A.Lincoln’
  • ‘ Chicago’
  • Thankyouforyourattention. Autor DUM: Mgr. Darina Sikorová
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