Basics of Transportation Logistics

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Imagine a world without automobiles, trains, airplanes and ships. Highly unimaginable in today’s context, as every facet of modern society relies on transportation. Its pervasiveness is almost transparent to us as we move between home, jobs, markets, education, healthcare, and leisure activities and even in the use of products in everyday life. Transportation has, over the years, been central to physical, economic, social, and cultural development. It has been a major catalyst for expanding ec
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    Imagine a world without automobiles, trains, airplanes and ships. Highly unimaginable intoday’s context, as every facet of modern society relies on transportation. Its pervasiveness isalmost transparent to us as we move between home, jobs, markets, education, healthcare, andleisure activities and even in the use of products in everyday life. Transportation has, over theyears, been central to physical, economic, social, and cultural development. It has been a major catalyst for expanding economic growth and trade, thereby, greatly improving the quality of life.The industry revolution and information technology revolution has greatly transformed thetransportation networks and operations beyond one’s imagination by shrinking global networksand connecting global resources. The revolution has, thereby, been a force in driving a change in business performance from a traditional to a more challenging and perhaps a more profitableone. Transportation is, thus, a fascinating domain from many perspectives.From the utility perspective transportation can be classified into:Passenger transportationFreight Transportation  Transportation: A definition What is transportation?Transportation is a method of moving people or goods from one place to another. For instance,getting to and from office requires transportation, so does getting food from the fields into thegrocery stores. The word transportation is derived from the latin word trans, meaning across,and portare, meaning to carry. Transportation creates time utility, which is getting a product to adestination on time, and space utility, which is the optimal utilization of space available for tocarry larger volumes of goods at a low cost. If, for example a finished product is not moved tothe market at the right time it ceases to have any value. Transportation Management Transportation management refers to managing inventory in motion for delivery to the right place, at the right time and in right condition, choosing the right equipment and in the rightdirection.Transportation management encompasses management of inbound transportation and outboundtransportation.In broad terms, it also consists of the management of areas such as shipment scheduling, routing,freight cost management, shipment tracking, and parcel management in an optimal way. Logistics: A definition Transportation is basically the management of goods in the dynamic state, while logistics is thescience of managing inventory both in motion and in static conditionThe definition of logistics accepted by the Council of Logistics Management is “the process of  planning, implementing, and controlling the efficient, effective flow and storage of goods,services and related information from point of srcin to point of consumption for the purpose of confirming to customer requirements”. This definition includes inbound, outbound, internal, andexternal movements.Logistics broadly comprises order management, warehouse management, distributionmanagement, transportation management and other value added services such as labeling,stacking and so on.
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