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Papanasam Sivan Papanasam Sivan is one of the greatest composers of the 20th century. He was born in Polagam, a village in Nagapatnum Taluk in Thanjavur district as the second son of R amamritha Aiyar and Yogambal in 1980. Given the name of Ramiah at birth, he grew up to take a keen interest in music. At the age of seven his father sadly died. His mother, his brother and him were forced to move to Trivandram in 1899 to seek the aid of his uncle. During his stay at Trivandram, Papanasam Sivan lea
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  Papanasam Sivan Papanasam Sivan is one of the greatest composers of the 20 th century. He was born inPolagam, a village in Nagapatnum Taluk in Thanjavur district as the second son of R amamritha Aiyar and Yogambal in 1980.Given the name of Ramiah at birth, he grew up to take a keen interest in music. At theage of seven his father sadly died. His mother, his brother and him were forced tomove to Trivandram in 1899 to seek the aid of his uncle.During his stay at Trivandram, Papanasam Sivan learnt the language Malayalam.Later he joined the Maharaja’s Sanskrit college and obtained his degree in Vyakarnain 1910.After his mother’s death, for nearly twelve years he went from place to place. He ledhis life by singing devotional songs and taking food offered by people.It was during his wanderings that Ramiah (as he was then known) got the namePapanasam Sivan. He often sang in Papanasam where his brother lived and hisappearance with holy ash or Vibuthi, Shiva Bajana and Rudraksha are the things thatearned him the name Papanasam Sivan.The greatest influence on his life must have been the late Neekakanda Sivan. Duringhis stay at Trivandram, he frequently sang Neelakanta Sivan’s compositions in his bajans.One day after listening to the music of Koneri Rajapuram Vaidhyaatha Aiyar, Sivanapproached him and asked to be taken as his disciple. Vaidhyanatha Aiyar agreed andfor seven years Sivan went with them to every concert. Slowly, Sivan began toacquire his master’s style in rendering alapanas, niraval and swara prastana.Even though Sivan was equally good at both performing at concerts and bajans it wasthe bajans that claimed his soul.Papanasam Sivan’s first concert was at Tiruvaiyara during the Thiyagarajah festival in1918 accomanied by Papa Venkatarama Aiyar on the violin and Alanganambia Pillaion the miruithangam. After this Papanasam Sivan was given concerts all over SouthIndia and some even in the North.Through the efforts of Subramania Aiyar, his marriage took place in 1917. He hadtwo daughters; Neela Ramamurthi and Rukmini Ramani, who are both musicians. Hisonly disciple is Mani.Sivan’s first volume containing 100 kritis was published in 1934. Afet 31 yyears (in1965) his second volume of 100 pieces appeared. The third volume had been releasedrecently, contains 101 songs with notation by his second daughter Rukmini, and hasevery form of compositions. Diverse forms such as varnam, padam, kriti andragamalika and represented. Sivan has givenus more than 10 pieces in Todi each witha different melodic structure.  Papanasam Sivan even composed songs for the Tamil Cinema Industry, one of themost common being from the film “Sita Kalyanam”. He even acted in two or threefilms later in his career. For a few years he served as a teacher in Bsant High school inAdyar on the request of Rukmani Devi.The Madras music Academy has given Sivan an award, though the honour of “SangitaKalanighi”. The tamil Isai Sangam has confirmed the title Isai Peraringer. He receivedthe president’s award in 1962. He died in 1 st October 1973. Sivan is being consideredas one of the musical pillars of Carnatic music and will be respected as an eminentcomposer of the 20 th century.
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