Child Prodigies

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Child prodigies Some music artists begin performing(1) as children and never stop. But not all former(2) child stars are successful(3) performers(4) as adults. Julian Lage has been playing the guitar since(5) he was five-years old. Now, he is twenty-one. JULIAN LAGE: I certainly(6) felt(7) it was no effort(8) to play the guitar. It was fun(9), it was really fun.‖ A film called Jules at Eight explores what life(10) for Julian Lage was like(10) when people began(11) to understand the skills(12) he
  Child prodigies Some music artists begin performing(1) as children and never stop. But not allformer(2) child stars are successful(3) performers(4) as adults.Julian Lage has been playing the guitar since(5) he was five-years old. Now, heis twenty-one.JULIAN LAGE: I certainly(6) felt(7) it was no effort(8) to play the guitar. It wasfun(9) , it was really fun.‖   A film called Jules at Eight explores what life(10) for Julian Lage was like(10)when people began(11) to understand the skills(12) he had.He says his parents(13) rejected offers(14) to send(15) him across(16) thecountry and appear on television. They believed that such(17) offers were not inhis best interest.That may be(18) why Julian Lage did not release(19) his first collection of recordings(20) until last March.JULIAN LAGE: I could have recorded(21) when I was younger, but the biggestissue(22) for me was wanting to step forward(23) with more than just the music.Music critics say Lage has an unusual(24) sound. That quality is probably(25)why we are still hearing about(26) him.Psychologist(27) Ellen Winner says moving from child star to adult performer isdifficult.ELLEN WINNER: Most of them are unheard(28) of when they grow up(29) to beadults.Winner wrote(30) a book called, Gifted Children(31): Myths(32) and Realities.She says a child prodigy is a boy or girl who becomes skilled(33) in an area thatadults invented. The child also becomes skilled in that area very quickly(34). If you want to remain(35) famous, she says, you have to do something in a newway(36).Rasta Thomas is doing that with his company, Bad Boys of Dance. Theyperformed this summer(37) at the Wolf Trap National Park for the Performing Arts, near Washington, D.C. Terrence Jones is a top official with the arts center.He says Thomas is exciting(38) to watch(39) and has widespread(40)appeal(41). He says his music and dancing bring a new and younger crowd(42)to dance performances.  Thomas was called a child prodigy. At the age(43) of fourteen, he won(44) afamous dance competition. Later, he added moves from modern dance, jazz,musical theater and even(45) Michael Jackson.Thomas says he wanted to change ballet from an art form only for a selectedfew(46). He says he thought(47) about having younger, fresher(48) dancers andmaking the performances more fun.Rasta and his wife, also a former child prodigy, add playfulness(49) and humor to their dances. Their shows are a big success with both(50) young and old. ImFaith Lapidus. Coral reefs The world‘s coral reefs(1) are increasingly(2) being threatened(3), mostly(4)because of human activities. A group of environmental(5) organizations released a report(6) on the issue(7) in February. The ―Reefs at Risk Revisited‖ report used new information and improved(8) satellite mapp ing systems to study the world‘s coral reefs. For thefirst time(9), it also considered the effect of climate change(10) on thesethreatened(11) sea organisms.Jane Lubchenco is administrator of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, or NOAA. She says the problem is serious. JANE LUBCHENCO: ―Approximately 75 percent of the world‘s coral reefs are currently(12) threatened by a combination of local and global pressures (13).‖  Lubchenco says the threat to coral reefs will continue to increase unlesssomething is done(14) to save them. JANE LUBCHENCO: ―If the current trend(15) persists, the projections in thisreport tell us that 20 years from now(16), roughly half(17) the reefs globally willexperience thermal(18) stress sufficient to induce(19) severe bleaching in mostyears. Within the next 50 years(21) this percentage is expected to grow(22) more than 95 percent.‖  Nancy Knowlton is with the Smithsonian Institution. She says the threat to coralreefs could have a major(23) effect on sea life.N  ANCY KNOWLTON: ―It‘s been estimated that about one – at least(24) onequarter, maybe as much as(25) one third, of all species that live in the oceanlive associated with coral reefs. So perhaps(26) it is not too surprising(27) thateven more(28) recently an analysis was done that suggests that one third of allcoral species are actually at risk of extinction. This makes corals the mostendangered(29) animal on the planet, even more endangered than frogs (30).‖    Millions of species of sea life depend on coral reefs for their survival(31). Thismakes them an important source(32) of food for millions of people around theworld.Coral reefs also protect coastlines(33) from storms(34) and flooding(34). And,they provide(36) economic security for many countries. LAURETTA BURKE: ―Tourism is an important economic contributor(37) in over 95 countries and territories around the world. It contributes over 20 percent of  GDP in over 20 countries.‖  Lauretta Burke is with the World Resources Institute. She was one of thelead(38) writers of the report. She says more than 275-million people aredependent on the resources(38) from coral reefs, mostly in Southeast Asia andthe Indian Ocean.The report noted overfishing(40) and climate change as two of the most serious threats to the world‘s oceans. It said higher acidity levels(41) caused by carbondioxide emissions are also a problem. Other threats include the use of explosives for fishing, as well as(42) the run-off(43) of toxic materials and other pollution. LAURETTA BURKE: ―Overfishing is the most widespread(44) threat affecting about 55 percent of the world‘s reefs. The threat is particularly high in Southeast  Asia. Watershed(45) based pollution and coastal development(46) affect roughly a quarter of the world‘s reefs.‖  Burke says while(47) the reefs around Australia are the best preserved, those inSoutheast Asia are the most threatened. Ninety percent of them are at risk(48),largely(49) because of(49) overfishing.The report says coral reefs are critically important. It says better managementpractices and policies(51) must be established(52) to reduce the threats tothese valuable(53) ecosystems. I‘m Christopher Cruise.   Economy pushes spanish to learn english Spain is struggling(1) with a recession. More than one in five Spaniards(2) areout of work. The unemployment rate(3) is the highest of the seventeen nationsthat use the euro. But one area of the economy that seems to be(4) doingwell(5) is English classes(6). A report(7) this year from the EF Education First company listed Spain(8) is a ― low proficiency (9)‖ country in English. Spain ranked(10) just below(11) Italy and just above(12) Taiwan.About(13) a fifth(14) of the world speaks Spanish. Thereare many  Spanish language TV shows and movies. Spaniards can also watch Hollywoodmovies dubbed(15) in Spanish or news from Latin America. One of the few(16)English voices(17) on Spanish TV belongs to(18) Richard Vaughan. Mr.Vaughan is from Texas but for thirty-five years has lived in Spain. He operates that country‘s biggest English teaching company. It even(19) hasits own(20) TV channel (21). ―Aprende Ingles‖ – Learn(22) English —   is Spain‘s only national channel in English. He says people watch(23) his channel andtake his classes to get a better job(24). ―People don‘t learn English here for cultural reasons(25). Some do. But themotive is always(26), ninety- nine percent of the time, professional.‖ Mode rnchanges(27) in the world economy — globalization — may offer(28) chances for a better job in another(29) country. But economic problems at home can alsomake people feel(30) they have few other choices.The director of the language center at the London School of Economics says ―language learning is up‖ across(31) Europe. In Spain, some of those studyingEnglish hope for(32) jobs in Britain or the United States. But others want to workfor international companies with offices(33) in Spain.Many companies now require(34) workers to be bilingual.Dominic Campbell isan American who lives in Madrid and teaches English part time(35). He says a lot of jobs now ―want at least(36) Spanish and English. And a lot of them areasking for(37) Spanish, English and French — especially airlines (38).‖  He says many of his students thought(39) ―I‘ve got Spanish, that‘s all I need. ‖ But people also need jobs. More than forty percent of Spaniards in their twenties are out of work. Inigo Gomez has an education degree(40) but couldnot find (41) a teaching job. ―So I think it‘s a good idea to go to the UnitedKingdom(42) and try to find a job as a Spanish teacher.‖   And while(43) he does that, many Spaniards for the first time will bespreading(44) their new education in English at home.For VOA Special English, I‘m Carolyn Presutti. You can learn English and get the latest news every day at Face recognition  A new study looks at(1) privacy(2) in a world where computers canincreasingly(3) recognize(4) faces in a crowd(5) or online.  Alessandro Acquisti at Carnegie Mellon University‘s Heinz College(6) inPittsburgh, Pennsylvania, led(7) the study. Professor Acquisti says socialnetworks(8) like Facebook and LinkedIn represent some of the world‘s largest databases(9) of identities. He sees increasing threats(10) to privacy in facialrecognition(11) software and cloud(12) computing — the ability to store(13)huge amounts(14) of information in data(15) centers. ―The convergence of all
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