Easy English Bible - Psalm 042-072

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Psalm 42-72
  The Psalms of David(Book 2)  An EasyEnglish Translation with Notes (about 1200 word vocabulary) onPsalms 42 to 72  www.easyenglish.info Gordon Churchyard  Words in boxes are from the Bible.Words marked with a *star are described in the word list at the end.The translated Bible text has yet to go through Advanced Checking. Introduction Here are some of the things that you should know as you read the psalms in thisbook. 1. At the top of each psalm (say it sarm ) is a title in Dark Letters. This title isnot in the Hebrew psalm. It is not part of the Bible. It is there to give us help inremembering the psalm and what it is about. 2. Under the title are some words either that Jesus said, or that somebody saidabout him. These words are from the Gospels. They are part of the Bible. 3. The psalm itself is in a box. Everything that is in the box is part of the psalm.This includes the words at the top that tell us who wrote the psalm and why. In thisbook we believe that these words are true and that they give us some help inunderstanding the psalm. Other parts from the Bible are also in boxes, except theverses under the titles. 4. Words in brackets like this: ( ) are not in the Hebrew Bible. They give us helpin understanding what the psalm means. 5. The Hebrew writers of the psalms used some words that we cannot translateinto Easy English words. These are in a word list at the end. Some words are veryimportant, like LORD and righteous. You will more about these words after some of the psalms in Psalms 1-41. Righteous is after Psalm 5, and the names of God(LORD, Lord and God) are after Psalm 25. 6. After each psalm is the story of the psalm. Some of the psalms we know a lotabout. Others we do not know anything about. When that happens, we say perhaps or probably . 7. After the stories comes what the psalm means . The word verse means thenumber before each part of the psalm, as well as the part itself. So, Psalm 43 has 5verses. Sometimes we are not sure what the writer meant. When that happens, thenotes tell you. 8. At the end of each psalm, there is something to do . This will give you helpin learning more about the psalm.  Remember the GoodTimesPsalms 42 and 43 Jesus said, My *soul is so sad that I am nearly dying , (Mark 14:34) and My*soul is in trouble . (John 12:27) Psalm 42:1-5 (This is) for the music leader.(It is) a *maskil for the *sons of Korah. v1 My *soul cries out for you, (my) God,*like a *hart crying out for streams of water. v2 My *soul is *thirsty for God, the God that is alive.When can I come and see the face of God? v3 (All) day and (all) night I cry and do not eat.All day (my enemies) say to me, Where is your God? v4 My *soul cries inside me when I remember that:  ã I went with a crowd (to *worship you)  ã I went to the house of God  ã there was the sound of singing  ã there was a loud noise of people thanking (you) and dancing. v5 My *soul, why are you so sad?Why are you so *restless inside me?Hope in God because I will *praise him again!When God is with me, he will do great things (for me). The Story of Psalms 42 and 43 We think that these two psalms started as one psalm. The Jews made them into twopsalms about 200 years before Jesus came to the earth. They did this when theytranslated their Bible from Hebrew into Greek. See below for more about this.We do not know who wrote the psalm. What we do know about him is that:  ã in the past he went to the house of God in Jerusalem (verse 4)  ã he can not go there now (verse 2)  ã he hoped that one day he would go back to it (verse 5)  ã he was now 200 kilometres north of Jerusalem (verse 6)  ã his enemy had taken him away from his home (Psalm 43:1).This probably happened to many people in the Old Testament of the Bible. Maybe itwas someone that King Jehoash of Israel took as a hostage. He took hostages fromJerusalem in Judah to the mountains of Hermon in Israel. The story is in 2 Kings14:14. A hostage is someone that is not free. His enemy catches him. He puts him in aplace *like a prison. The enemy lets the hostage out only when the enemy gets what  he wants. Maybe the hostage in the psalm was a Levite from the house of God. Wecall this house a *temple. Levites were God’s servants in the *temple. He may havebeen one of the *sons of Korah . Look after Psalm 43 where it tells you who theywere. Sometimes hostages never return home. They die in prison, or in the countrywhere their enemies take them. If the enemy was not Jehoash in 800 *BC thenmaybe it was:  ã the King of Assyria in 700 *BC; or   ã the King of Babylon in 600 *BC.BC means years B efore Jesus C hrist came to the earth . Many of the hostages in Assyria or Babylon never went home.Whatever story is true, the hostage went through two places before the end of his journey. One was a desert place, where there was not much water but a lot of sand.The other was a group of mountains called the Hermons. Iraq is now where Assyriaand Babylon were. What Psalm 42:1-5 means Verses 1 – 2: The *hart, or male deer, is *thirsty. It is in a desert place where there isno water. It cries while it looks for water. The *psalmist says that he is *like the *hart.The *psalmist is the person that wrote the psalm. His enemy has taken him through adesert where he saw the *thirsty animal. The *psalmist is *thirsty too. But he is not*thirsty for water, but for God. His body is not *thirsty, but his *soul inside him is*thirsty. He is a hostage so that he cannot go to the *temple and see God. In thepsalm, not seeing God means not *worshipping God . He did not really see God,he only saw the place where he believed that God lived. Verses 3 – 4: His enemies laugh at him and ask, Where is your God? They aresaying, God is not with you now . The *psalmist remembers how he *worshippedGod in the *temple. There were crowds of people there. They all *worshipped Godwith singing and dancing. It was *like a great party or festival. But now he thoughtthat his enemies were right: he had left God in Jerusalem. Verse 5: The *psalmist tells his *soul that although he is sad and *restless he will stillhope in God. Our *soul is that part of us that makes us feel happy or sad. It will stilllive when our bodies die. Jesus repeated some of these words the week before hedied. They are at the top of the psalm. They are not quite the same because Jesusrepeated words from the Greek Old Testament, not the Hebrew Old Testament.People made this about 200 years before Jesus came to the earth. Many Jews livedin Egypt where they spoke Greek, not Hebrew. So they translated their Bible (our OldTestament) into Greek. This is the Bible that most of the New Testament quotationsare in. A quotation is when someone repeats words from another book. The wordsare not always the same in the Greek and Hebrew Bibles. Both sets of words aretrue! Psalm 42:6-11 v6 My *soul is sad inside me.So I will remember you (my God) from:  ã the land of (the) Jordan (river)  ã (the mountains) of Hermon  ã the hill of Mizar. v7 The deep (waters) make a noise when your *waterfalls thunder.All your big *waves and all your little waves roll over me.  v8 In the day time the *LORD sends to me his kind love.At night his song is with me.My *prayer is to the God of my life. v9 I will say to the God (that is) my Rock, Why did you forget me? Why must I be so sad?You let my enemy do what he likes to me! v10 My enemies hurt all my bones.The people that fight me are always saying, Where is your God? v11 My *soul, why are you so sad?Why are you so *restless inside me?Hope in God, because I will *praise him again!When God is with me, he will do great things (for me). What Psalm 42:6-11 means Verses 6 – 7: In verses 1 - 5 the *psalmist was in dry country, what we call a desert.Now, in verses 6-11, we are in a different country. There is a river and mountains.Where are we? 200 kilometres north of Jerusalem is a group of mountains called theHermons. Maybe they called one of the hills Mizar, we are not sure. But we do knowthat the River Jordan started in the Hermons. When it rained a lot the river ran over the rocks and made *waterfalls. In places, it was very deep. When he saw the deepwater, it made the *psalmist think of his life. He felt that his enemy was pushing himalong *like the water would push him if he fell in! The Hermons were in Israel, whereJehoash was king. Jehoash may have taken the *psalmist hostage in Jerusalem.Then he took him through the deserts of Judah to the hills of Israel.If this is true, an interesting thing may have happened. In the chapter of Kings thattells us the story of Jehoash (2 Kings 14) we read about a man called Jonah. MaybeJonah knew Psalm 42. He repeated a bit of verse 7 when the fish swallowed him.You will find it in the book of Jonah, chapter 2. Did Jonah learn the psalm from thehostage? Jonah did live in Israel! Verse 8: This is the turning-point of the psalm. A turning-point is when somethingchanges. You will see two important changes in this verse. First, he calls God by thename *LORD. Only God’s friends did this in the Old Testament. What happened tomake him do this? Everywhere else he used the name God. We believe that whathappened was this. He found God was with him in the Hermons. God did not onlylive in Jerusalem. God was everywhere! Verses 9 – 10: But there were still questions. (A question is something that you ask.)He asked why God had forgotten him and why he was so sad. He asked why God lethis enemies hurt him. And the enemies asked the same question as in verse 3,‘Where is your God?’ But things are different now. The *psalmist is sure that God iswith him and he hopes that things will get better. Verse 11: So he repeats verse 5. But this time we think that he said it with morebelief that it was true. Another way to say this is that he was more sure of it.Verses 5 and 11 and verse 5 of Psalm 43 are all exactly the same. We think that thisis a good reason for thinking that they are really two parts of one psalm.There are other reasons:  ã Psalm 43 does not say at the top who wrote it.  ã Some old Bibles print them as one psalm.
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