Facts & Figures (Notes) General Knowledge VOL-1

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Facts & Figures (Notes) General Knowledge VOL-1
  Facts & Figures (Notes) General Knowledge VOL-1  Page| 1  http://infozones.in  FFAACCTTSS&&FFIIGGUURREESS((NNOOTTEESS))GGEENNEERRAALLKKNNOOWWLLEEDDGGEE VVOOLL--11  1. Laptop in the Lap cause skin Syndrome – People who work with a laptop computerresulting on their legs have been warned that they could be permanently damage their skin.Toasted skin syndrome is a skin condition that could result from long-term heat exposure.2. College for Art History  – Courtauld institute of Art in London gets its name from the artcollector and manufacturer Samuel Courtauld who donated his home with his collection ofimpressionist paitings to London University in 1931. It is a college for the study of Art history.3. Woman PM for Australia – Julia Gillard has become the first ever female elected primeminister of Australia.4. Education is now right – The right of children to Free and compulsory Education Act hascome into from April 1, 2010.5. UID rolls out from Tembhli – prime Minister Manmohan Singh handed over the first set of12-Digit identification number called Adhaar to 10 tribals at Tembhli village in NandurbarDistrict of Maharastra on 29 th September , 2010.6. One Million newborn die a year – According to UNICEF, Indian mortality rate fell from 117per 1000 live birth in 1990 to 72 in 2007. One million newborns die each year in their firstmonth itself.7. National Legal Services Authority – The constitution of India provides for free legal aid tothe poor and weaker section of the society and ensures justice for all. The Legal servicesAuthorities Act was aimed at establishing a uniform network for free legal services to theweaker section of the society. The National Legal Services Authorities (NALSA) monitors andevaluates implementation of legal Services. Every state has a legal services Authority.8. Molecules in jeans as solar Cells – Molecules, typically used in blue jeans and ink dyes,have been used for building an organic frameworks that could lead to economical, flexible andversatile solar cell.9. LIDAR – Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR), similar to RADAR, utilizes lasers to determinethe distance to an object or surface. It is used to variety of industries, like atmosphericphysics, geology, forestry, oceanography and law enforcement. LiDAR used in mobileenvironment like aircraft and satellites, also incorporates positioning technology.10. Earth Hour – Earth Hour began in Sydeny, Australia in 2007 with about two millionparticipants. The voluntary one-hour blackout has since grown an international event as asign of action against global warming.11. World wide web consortium(W3C) – W3C is an international community that works towardsdeveloping world wide web standards in the areas like web design, web application, webarchitecture, XML technology, web services and devices, browsers ad authoring tools.12. Composition of Bones – Organic Matter 33.30%, phosphate 51.04%, carbonate of lime11.30%, fluoride of calcium 2.00%, phosphate of magnesia 1.16%, soda/chloride of sodium1.00%13. Brain chip – scientist have developed a brain chip that lets paralyzed patients operate theirbionic limbs. It detect nerve message , decode the signal and turn thoughts into action.14. AIDS Report – India has 27 lakh HIV patient per national Aids Control Organization (NACO)estimates. NACO records fresh cases every year, nearly 40% of which are women. Womenconstitute 50% of all new HIV cases globally.15. Universal Blood Type – A team of Danish, English and French scientist has found a way toconvert types A,B and AB blood into Type O – the universal donor blood group that can begiven to anybody. The enzymatic blood conversion system enables the precise andpermanent conversions of groups to enzyme converted group O, known as ECO red cells andis safe.16. Naming on the internet – The internet corporation for Assigned Names and numbers – theorganization tasked with assigning domain names and IP addresses- has approved thedomain type .xxx for porn sites. The site that doesn’t want to use it still be able to registerunder the classic .com.  Facts & Figures (Notes) General Knowledge VOL-1  Page| 2  http://infozones.in  17. Second poorest country - Afghanistan is the world’s second poorest contry. Sierra leone isthe poorer than Afghanistan, according to the UN Human Development Index for 2009.18. Longest natural beach – Cox’s Bazar Beach, the unbroken 125 Km sandy beach inBangladesh, is considered the longest natural beach in the world.19. Largest producer of Diamonds – Botswana is the world’s largest producer of diamonds.The trade has transformed it into a middle-income nation. It launched its own diamond tradingcompany- Diamond Trading Company of Bostwana – in joint venture with diamond giant DeBeers.20. Free calls on internet – Skype, designed by Estonian developers, offers free calls over theinternet to millions of people. Skype has also become popular for its additional features whichinclude instant messaging, file transfer and video conferencing.21. The Hindu College of Varanasi – Central Hindu college was established at Varanasi in 1898by Mrs. Annie Besant. It formed the nucleus of Banaras Hindu University.22. The First University  – Takshashila, established in 700 B.C. is supposed to be the world’sfirst university. Students from foreign countries also registered for studies in more than 60streams of knowledge here.23. The Largest Technopark - india’s first technopark at Thiruvananthapuram, which iscelebrating 20 years of its establishment, is the second largest IT park in the country with 4.5mn. Sq.ft. build up area with 180 companies operating in the premises, employing about28,000 professionals.24. National Law schools – every state in India is to have a world class law school. These areinstitution of excellence in the field of legal education and research, essential to the realizationof values enshrined in the constitution.25. Top Business School in the World  – Harvard, Wharton, Stanford, MIT Sloan, Kellogg,Chicago, Columbia, New York University stern(all in US), London Business School,Insead(France), IE(spain), Ceibs(China), IMD(Switzerland) and Indian School of Business arethe top business school in the world.26. Fertility Rate – the rate at which women expect to have children in their lifetime – was5.5(children) in 1970. It felt to 4 in 1990 and to 2.7 by 2008(india)27. Gandhiji’s First Arrest  – Gandhiji was arrested for the first time in India on March 10, 1922by the order of viceroy Lord Reading, near Sabarmati Ashram in Ahmadabad.28. India and Junk Mails – India has been ranked second in the list of spam- relaying countries,accounting for over seven percent of global junk mails sent during the first quarter of the year,says a new survey.29. Dependency Ratio  – the number of dependents to working people is called dependencyratio. In India, the ratio is 0.6, which is very low compared with the developed countries.30. India, a Growing Wine Market  – India is one of the growing wine markets. It is to becomethe first Asian countries to join international organization of Vine and wine (OIV), based inparis.31. Gandhiji’s Dandi March or ‘Salt Satyagaraha’ began on March 12,1930. He and his 78followers reached Dandi, 388 Km from Sabarmati Asharam of Ahmedabad, on April 5 andbroke the salt law. He was arrested on April 6.32. Rashtrapati Bhawan  – Rashtrapati Bhawan, Delhi was completed in 1929. It was formely theViceroy’s house. Now it is the official residence of the president of India. It was designed byLutyens.33. In 1930, January 26 was observed as ‘Swaraj Day’ for the first time. In 1929, at midnight onDec. 31 Gandhiji led congress members in Lahore to take a Vow for ‘Swaraj’- nothing lessthan full independence.34. What is Literacy ? – Literacy is not just identifying the letters of the alphabets, but acquiringthe skill of reading , writing and arithmetic and the ability to apply them to one’s day to daylife.35. Gandhiji switches to Lion Cloth – in 1921, Gandhiji told a meeting of students in Madurai ifthey found wearing ‘Khadi’ too expensive, they must wear less clothes. He set an example bydiscarding the dhoti and kurta and switches over to the lion cloth.  Facts & Figures (Notes) General Knowledge VOL-1  Page| 3  http://infozones.in  36. Jugnu  – Kanpur IIT’s mechanical and nuclear engineering and technology departments wereinstrumented in designing Jugnu, a 3.5 Kg nanosatellite.Jugnu was handed over to the ISROin March, 2010.37. Unique Identification - The Unique Identification Authority of India(UIDAI) is to give UIDnumbers to 1.2 billion people. The project will save the government more than 20,000 cr. Ayear by eliminating duplication under various schemes.38. Mohan Began – India’s oldest football club is Mohan Bagan, formed in 1889, MohammedanSporting came in 1891.39. Harijan Replaces Young India – Young India was replaced in 1933 by the new English journal Harijan. This was brought out by Mahatma Gandhi.40. Beginning of Film Industry – Harishchandra S.Bhatvadekar is often considered the firstIndian filmmaker. His two short films – The Wrestlers and Man and Monkey – were releasedin Nov. 1899. The Lumiere Brothers cinematographe had unveiled six soundless short moviein Mumbai on July, 1896.41. Durand Cup  – The football Association (FA) Cup began in Englad in 1897. It was the first inthe world. The Durand cup tournament, which started in 1888 at shimla, is the second oldestin the world.42. A satellite build by Engineering Students – Of the five PSL-V-C15 launched satellites inAugust, two were indigenous ones, the studsat and cartsat was build by 35 students of sevenengineering colleges, in india.43. The Federal Court - In 1937 Federal Court of India was created as the highest judicialauthority in the country. It became the supreme court of India on January 26, 1950.44. Largest Postal Network – The world’s Largest postal network is india post. It has over 1.55lakh post offices, 89.76 percent of which are in rural areas. A post office serves 7,175 peopleon an average and cover an area of 21.21 sq km.45. V.P.Menon – It was a civil servant named V.P.menon who helped sardar patel in persuadingmany princely states to accede to india.46. Plastic Industry – Indian Plastic industry had its beginning in 1926. Combs, soap boxes andashtrays were among the first plastic items made in india.47. Burma as part of india  – Burma was separated from india only in 1937. When the lastMughal emperor bahadur Shah Zafar was sent ot Rangoon in 1858, and the last BurmeseKing Thibaw Min to Ratnagiri in 1887, they were being exiled within the same country.48. Broadcasting – Regular broadcasting in India first started in Bombay in July 23, 1927 andlater in Calcutta by india broadcasting company.49. Boat Races  – Hiyang Tannaba is a seasonal boat race held during the Lai haraoba festival inManipur. In kerela, the snake boat (Chundan Vallom) race is held during the festival of Onam.50. Saving Rate – India has a saving rate of over 30 percent. This is the highest in the world. Asindia’s population will remain young for a couple of decades, there will be an increase in thenumber of breadwinners. As the rate of income earners to dependents rises, the savings ratealso rises.51. First Air Mail – J.R.D. Tata embarked upon an epochal journey from Karachi to Bombay onOct. 15, 1932 carrying India’s first Airmail.52. Michael O’Dwyer Assassinated – Sir Michael O’Dwyer the governor of Punjab during the jalianwala Bagh massacre of 1919, was assassinated by Udham singh in 1940.53. Poona Act – the poona act was an agreement signed by Dr. Ambedkar, D. Rajati andBombay Cricketer P.Baloo with the congress on Sept. 24, 1932.54. Early Film Studios – Important studios emerged in india around 1929. These include theprabhat Film company, Ranjit Movietone, British Dominion Film Studio, the General Pictures.55. The Jallianwala Bagh Gathering – The Gathering on jallianwala bagh at Amritsar on April13, 1919 had collected to protest against the arrest of Dr. Saifudding Kichlew and Dr.Satyapal.56. Accident on the rise – the National Crime Record Bureau reports that accidents and injuriesthat snuff out or damage lives are rising three percent a year in India.57. A top technology cluster – Bangalore , the silicon valley and biotech capital of India, isranked among the top technology cluster of the worlds. 2184 IT companies, 743 MNCs over  Facts & Figures (Notes) General Knowledge VOL-1  Page| 4  http://infozones.in  500,000 IT professionals. The state accounts for nearly 35% of india’s software exports.There are 33 approved SEZs for IT Zone.58. Mental Health of Indian Soldier – one Indian soldier killed himself every third day. In thereyears till May 2010, 368 soldier ended their lives. Crores of rupees are being spent on suideprevention programmes.59. Religious Festivals  – Many religious festival in India depend on the phases of the moon . fullmoon days are particularly significant. There is crowding and merrymaking in temple acrosstowns throughout India on festivals.60. Nehru Memorial Museum  – The teen murti house in New Delhi was converted into theNehru Memorial Museum in 1974. On Jan 27, president V.V.Giri dedicated it to nation.Jawaharlal Nehru lived in the teen murti house as the first prime minister of India.61. Teacher’s Day – President S. Radhakrishnan’s birthday Spetember 5 was declared asTeacher’s Day in 1962. He became the second president of india in May, 1962.62. Nationalization of Airlines – All airlines of india were nationalized on August 1, 1953. Twoseparate corporations, Indian airlines and Air lines , were formed for domestic andinternational services respectively.63. First same sex marriage fails – India’s first –ever public same-sex marriage took place inManipur in April, 2010 between sandeep soiban, 25 and bride Nikhil Sharma, 28, but ended indivorce after two days.64. Electronic Voting Machines  – the electronic voting machines produced by Electronicscorporation of india were used for the first time in the Kerela Assembly by – election in April,1982.65. Auroville, the international township of sri Aurobindo Ashram was innaugrated in Feb, 1968with the assistance of all the states of India. UNESCO and 121 countries of the world. Soilsform the respective land were poured into a lotus-shaped urn.66. The first financial daily  – India’s first financial daily the Economics Times was launched bythe Times of India Group in Bombay on March 6, 1961.67. Tribal Population  – According to the 1981 census, tribal population formed 79 pc. PfArunachal Pradesh , as against an average of 7 p.c. for the whole country.68. Delhi – Mumbai Air traffic – it is estimated that about 40 percent of air traffic is between thetwo cities Delhi and Mumbai.69. The First ISD – International Subscriber Dialing was introduced in 1976. The first call wasmade from Bombay to London.70. Public private initiative – India’s first public- private initiative is a $100m. toll bridge. It is theDelhi Noida toll bridge.71. Yanam Speaks Telgu  – Yanam which belongs to the union territory of Pondicherry, speaksTelgu. T is in Andhra pradesh near Kakinada.72. The first coal-based fertilizer plant  – in 1970, telchar in Orissa witnessed the foundationstone lying of india’s first and world’s largest coal based fertilizer plant.73. The 17 th Indian Railway Zone – Southern(Chennai), Western(Mumbai[Church Gate]),Central(Mumbai CST), Northen(New Delhi), Easter(Kolkata), South- Eastern(Gorakhpur),South-Central(Secundrabad), North-East Frontier Maligaon(Guwahati), NorthCentral(Hajipur), North- Western(Jaipur), East-Coast(Bhubaneswar), South-Western(Hubli),West-Central(Jabalpur), South-East Central(Bilaspur), Konkan Railway(Navi Mumbai).74. Honor Killing  – A haryana court give five prople the death penality on a 2007 honor killingcase. Manoj and babli, who has eloped, were murdered after a Khap panchayat edict.75. High Courts  – The High court of Bombay, Calcutta and madras were established in 1862.76. New States  – on the partition of Bengal in 1905, assam was united to the eastern districts ofBengal. In 1948 the north east frontier agency was separated from assam. In 1963, Nagalandwas carved out of assam as a full-fledged state in 1972, Meghalaya was cut out of Assam asseparate state and Mizoram become a Union territory in 1987, Mizorom was grantedstatehood.77. Calorific value of the Indian diet – according to writer Robert Fogel, the calorific value of thetypical English diet in 1850 was roughly equivalent to the average Indian diet today.78. State Bank of Indore merged with SBI in 2010. Bank of Rajasthan merged with ICICI in 2010.
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