Unit 10 American literature

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Unit 10 American literature. 绍兴县鉴湖中学高三英语备课组. Teaching Aims:. learning and master the following words: garbage,maid, prince, outcome Do some listening Do some speaking to talk about American literature . Teaching important points: 1.improve the students’ listening ability.
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Unit 10 American literature 绍兴县鉴湖中学高三英语备课组 Teaching Aims:
  • learning and master the following words: garbage,maid, prince, outcome
  • Do some listening
  • Do some speaking to talk about American literature .
  • Teaching important points:
  • 1.improve the students’ listening ability.
  • 2. Improve the students’ speaking ability by discussion , talks and so on.
  • Teaching Difficult Points:
  • How to improve the students’ listening ability
  • How to finish the task of Speaking.
  • Warming up Do you know what kind of text is the one you read? Good, better, best! Never have it rest! Till good is better! And better, best! It is a rhyme A limerick People laugh and people cry. Some give up, some always try. Some say hi while some say bye. Others may forget you but never I. Roses are red, Violets are blue. Sugar is sweet, And so are you. Poem Read the text and answer the following questions. 1. What is it about and what does it mean? 2. Can you tell something about the writer? 3. Why is this probably American literature? It is about the way African Americans talk about their ancestors. What the author wants to say is that black people always say that their ancestors were kings, but that cannot be true. Instead, he says black people should be honest and proud of their ancestors, no matter whether they were rich or poor. Yes. The writer is probably African American. Because the experience of slavery has not existed in any other English-speaking country in the same way as in America. 5.Think about the history and life in the United States . What Special themes and sort of stories would you expect to find in American literature? Oh, Captain! My Captain! Enjoy the Poems A Red, Red Rose. 5.Think about the history and life in the United States . What Special themes and sort of stories would you expect to find in American literature? Oh, Captain! My Captain! Enjoy the Poems A Red, Red Rose. Listening What Pre-listening What 1.Are you a member of any club or taking part in activities that help you practise your English? 2. Have you ever been to an English Corner? What were your experience? 3. What other clubs or activities could you think of to practise English in a way that makes it fun? While-Listening What They are organising a Reading Club. Listen to the tape and answer the following questions.
  • What activity are Ben, Ann and Lily organising?
  • Why is this activity successful, while the English Corner is not? Give two reasons. 1_____________ 2______________ 3. What are the advantages of their club activities according to Ann, Ben and Lily?
  • No foreigners are needed It has more variation in topics interesting useful can learn about life and literature in foreign countries no foreigners are needed can talk about many topics can read things which are not read in school Speaking What Native Americans What 印第安人 Pioneers 西进的移民 slavery 奴隶制 the Civil War 美国内战 As we know , the major themes in the literature of a country Reflect important events or periods in the history of that country . Important themes American literature 印第安人 What 印第安人的文化兴起于欧洲人发现美国新大陆的时候 印第安人在向大自然的斗争中创造了自己的文化,主要是民间口头创作,包括神话传说和英雄传说印第安人在向大自然的斗争中创造了自己的文化,主要是民间口头创作,包括神话传说和英雄传说 早期移民的文化,印第安人在向大自然的斗争中创造了自己的文化,主要是民间口头创作,包括神话传说和英雄传说 开始时文学发展比较缓慢。 西进的移民 最 早 的作品 是游记、日记之 类 的文字 奴隶制 的产生形成了印第安人在向大自然的斗争中创造了自己的文化,主要是民间口头创作,包括神话传说和英雄传说黑人文学  。   美国黑人文学起源于黑人奴隶歌曲,这些歌曲,不论是悲歌还是民歌,倾诉了黑人背井离乡、沦为奴隶的痛苦心情。 美国内战催生了印第安人在向大自然的斗争中创造了自己的文化,主要是民间口头创作,包括神话传说和英雄传说 美国民族文学的形成. 这场斗争产生大量的革命诗歌 美国文学中的印第安人在向大自然的斗争中创造了自己的文化,主要是民间口头创作,包括神话传说和英雄传说民主自由精神,个人主义、个性解放的观念较为强烈 美国文学发展的过程就是不断吸取、融化各民族文学特点的过程 总的特点是开朗、豪放,内容庞杂与色彩鲜明 1.Do you know the Chinese name of the book? 印第安人在向大自然的斗争中创造了自己的文化,主要是民间口头创作,包括神话传说和英雄传说who is the writer? 《汤姆叔叔的小屋》Uncle Tom's Cabin 斯托夫人(Harriet Beecher Stowe) 2. What is the book about ? Slavery 3.what kind of contribution does the book make? 1852 废奴文学的丰碑之作。林肯总统在接见斯托夫人时, 称她为“引起一场大战(指美国的南北战争)的小妇人”。 Have you read the book yet?印第安人在向大自然的斗争中创造了自己的文化,主要是民间口头创作,包括神话传说和英雄传说 What is the background of the book? Period 2 Reading印第安人在向大自然的斗争中创造了自己的文化,主要是民间口头创作,包括神话传说和英雄传说A Sacrifice For Love 1 Teaching Aims:印第安人在向大自然的斗争中创造了自己的文化,主要是民间口头创作,包括神话传说和英雄传说 1.learn and master the following phrases: attend to ,worthy of , do up .
  • 2.Learn and mater the following sentence patterns:
  • ….and she had only $ 1.87 with which to buy Jim a present
  • Down flowed the brown cascade .
  • With that Chain on his watch Jim might be properly anxious
  • about the time in any company .
  • 3. Train the students’ reading ability. Teaching important points:印第安人在向大自然的斗争中创造了自己的文化,主要是民间口头创作,包括神话传说和英雄传说 1.understand the passage well. 2.Master the pharases and sentence patterns above Teaching Methods :印第安人在向大自然的斗争中创造了自己的文化,主要是民间口头创作,包括神话传说和英雄传说 1.Fast reading to get the general idea. 2.careful reading to get the detailed information 3. Question-and –answer activity to make students understand Text better. Short summary of O. Henry’s life印第安人在向大自然的斗争中创造了自己的文化,主要是民间口头创作,包括神话传说和英雄传说 O. Henry (1862-1910) was originally born William Sydney Porter in Greensboro, North Carolina. As a young man, he once worked as a bank teller, a newspaper columnist and so on. . Memorial to O. Henry Short summary of O. Henry’s life印第安人在向大自然的斗争中创造了自己的文化,主要是民间口头创作,包括神话传说和英雄传说 In 1896, he was charged with embezzling money from the bank where he had worked, and later was put in an Ohio prison for three years. While in prison, he began writing short stories and it is there that he took the pen-name O. Henry for his writings. After his release from prison in 1901, he moved to New York, which is the setting for many of his stories. Short summary of O. Henry’s life印第安人在向大自然的斗争中创造了自己的文化,主要是民间口头创作,包括神话传说和英雄传说 He is the author of over250 storiesand is mostfamous for his use ofsurprise or 'twist' endings, especially toThe Last Leaf, The Green Door,and perhaps his most famous story,The Gift of the Magi.And he has contributed to American literaturewith other great stories such asThe Four Million, The Voice andthe CityandCabbages and Kings,etc. Reading印第安人在向大自然的斗争中创造了自己的文化,主要是民间口头创作,包括神话传说和英雄传说 Step 1 Lead-in印第安人在向大自然的斗争中创造了自己的文化,主要是民间口头创作,包括神话传说和英雄传说 Which day is Christmas day? It’s December 25th. What do you think of when you hear Christmas? Gifts, Father Christmas, Christmas trees and gathering and happiness… Thinking: If you were very poor, how can you Spend your Christmas Day And what will you send to your friend? Step 2 Fast -Reading印第安人在向大自然的斗争中创造了自己的文化,主要是民间口头创作,包括神话传说和英雄传说 1.When does the story take place? 2.What are Jim’s wages? 3.How much is the rent of the flat per week? 4. How much does Della sell her hair? What price does Della pay to buy her present? 5.What are the couple’s two most precious possessions? The day before Christmas $20 a week $8 per week $20 $21 One is Jim’s gold watch, the other is Della’s hair.
  • Decide whether the following sentences are true or false.印第安人在向大自然的斗争中创造了自己的文化,主要是民间口头创作,包括神话传说和英雄传说
  • James Dillingham Young was a rich young man.
  • 2. Della lived in a neighborhood with many trees and flowers.
  • 3. Jim and Della had two possessions.
  • 4. Della thought having a haircut will make Jim happy.
  • 5. Della decided to have her hair cut out of her love for Jim.
  • Careful-reading(1)印第安人在向大自然的斗争中创造了自己的文化,主要是民间口头创作,包括神话传说和英雄传说 Para.1 Della wept because she had little money to buy Jim present this Christmas. Para.2 Della and Jim’s living condition. Para.3 Della wanted to buy Jim a Christ mas present, which was worthy of being owned by Jim. Para.4 The young couple owned two precious things, one was Jim’s gold watch, and the other was Della’s hair. Para.5印第安人在向大自然的斗争中创造了自己的文化,主要是民间口头创作,包括神话传说和英雄传说Della’s beautiful hair Para.6Della decided to sell her hair. Para.7 Della got twenty dollars and then she began to buy Jim a Christmas present. Para.8 She spent 21 dollars on a gold watch chain. Para.9 Della decided to sell one of the two precious things-her hair because she loved Jim. Careful reading(2)印第安人在向大自然的斗争中创造了自己的文化,主要是民间口头创作,包括神话传说和英雄传说
  • What ’s the meaning of the word bargaining in the text?
  • It means ‘ trying to ask the seller to get the price lower’
  • What ’s the meaning of the word expension in the text?
  • the cost in money
  • What ’s the meaning of the word hesitation in the text?
  • It means ‘pause or wait for a while thinking whether one should do something’
  • 1. Why did Della cry after counting the money she had been saving? She wants to buy his husband a good present on Christmas day, but the money she has saved hard is not enough. She is worried and helpless. 2. Why did tears fall form her eyes while Della was standing in front of the mirror? Because her hair is valuable to her family. She has been always taking it in great pride. But there is no other choice. She must give it up for her husband’s present. I mean, for her love. Step 3 Language points saving? 1 saving?.Sacrifice 牺牲,献出 祭品 (1)作动词: vt. 作出牺牲;献出 sacrifice one’s life to do sth 牺牲某人的生命做某事 He sacrificed his life to save the child (2) 作名词: n. 牺牲 奉献 make sacrifices for sb 为某人作出牺牲 父母经常为子女作出牺牲. Parentsoften make sacrifices for their children 2 saving?.What are Jim’s wages? Wage 常用复数,意思是“工资,薪金,报酬等。 链接:income,pay salary,wages,fee Income “收入,收益” Pay :薪水,工资,常用词 money paid for regular work / pay-day 发薪日 Salary:(非体力劳动雇员)的薪金,薪水,通常按月计 Wages:regular (usu weekly)payment made or received For work or services工资(通常按周记) fee: 服务费,酬金(如付予私人教师,医生等的) 3 saving? Pennies saved one or two at a time by bargaining at the grocery, at the bakery and the butcher’s until one’s cheeks burnt. (Para1) 这些一分分的钱是在杂货店、面包店和肉店每次通过讲价直到争得面红耳赤省下来的。 Time 的词组
  • at a time 一次;每次 2. all the time 一直地
  • 3. at times 有时候 4. at one time 曾经 过去
  • 5. at the same time 在同时 6. at no time 绝不
  • There was an electric bell that did not saving?work, with a card next to itbearing the name “Mr James Dillingham Young” (Para2) bargain vi. [就买卖之事] 讨价还价,议价,讲价 He bargainedwith the salesman about the price. 有一个坏了的电铃, 电铃旁边有张卡片上面写着 “詹姆斯 狄龙汉姆 杨先生” bear 为动词 意思是“负担,承担,忍受,携带” bearing 在此处作 a card 的定语 意思为 “携带 写着, 上面有” Eg. saving?Attend carefully to what she is saying. You must attend to your work. He has a great deal to attend to today. 注意 4.Della finished crying and attended to her cheeks with the power rag.(Para.3 p84.) 专心 处理 attend to: pay attention to, deal with, look after 注意;专心,处理;照料,关照 She has two nurses attending (on/upon) her. attend (on/upon) sb./sth:陪伴,照料,侍候 出席,参加 saving? Did you attend the meeting yesterday? Your attendance at the meeting would be very welcome. The nurse is in constant attendance on the patient.
  • attend vt.
  • attendance n.
  • attend school /church /the meeting /the wedding n. =presence 出席,参加 随侍,看护 5 saving?. Twenty dollars a week does not go far. (Para.3 p84) 每周20美元根本就不够用 go far (钱等)耐花,价值大(常用于否定句); 效力大,大有帮助;成功 Although he earns 1000 yuan a month, It doesn’t go far for his family. do up saving?系,扣;收拾,整理;打扮,梳妆
  • 6.And then she quickly did it up again. (Para.2 p85)
  • Make sentences: 他把鞋带系错了。 He did up the shoelaces the wrong way. 你能帮我收拾一下这间屋子吗? Can you do me the favor to do up the room? 她已经打扮好准备去参加舞会。 She has done herself up for the party. 系纽扣 saving? do up the buttons do up the furniture do up the rooms do up presents 整修家具 粉刷房间
  • Some other phrases:
  • 包礼物 Compare : do with / deal with I don’t know _____ to deal with the problem with the washing machine. The new teacher didn’t know ____ to do with the naughty boy in his class. ______ have you done with the papers for the meeting? how 解决 what 对待 What 放,拿 7 saving?.weep v.流泪,哭泣(wept, wept) 常作不及物动词用,含义为“流泪, 哭泣”,后常接介词over或for. They wept over/for their failure. weep 一般指无声或小声的“哭泣” 是“呜咽”、“哭泣”,指哭泣时喉咙抽动而发出声音。 sob cry 指出声的“痛哭”。 sniffle 指哭时因流鼻涕而频频吸气。 8 saving? Many happy hours hadshe spent planning for something nice for him. Something fine and rare--- something worthy of the honor of being owned by Jim. 她花费了很多时间来为他准备了一件好礼物,一些精美的东西,一些珍奇的东西-- 一些值得吉姆拥有的东西 这句话的使用了倒装, 正常语序为 She had spent many happy hours planning …… 9.worthy saving? be worthy of sth/ being done/ to be done worthy 作形容词,意思为“有价值的, 值得的, 配得上” 作形容词,意思为“有价值的, 值得的, 配得上” be worthy of sth/ being done/ to be done He is worthy of your trust. 1. 他值得你的信任 2.你的建议值得考虑 Your advice is worthy of being considered. = Your advice is worthy to be considered 10 saving?.She pulled down her hair and let it fall to its full length.(第5段) 她披散开头发,让它尽情舒展开来
  • 11 saving? with that chain on his watch, …
  • with + n./pron. + 介词短语/分词/adj. / adv. / to do
  • 他手里拿把枪闯了进来。
  • He broke in with a gun in his hand.
  • 站着的时候不要把手放在口袋里
  • Don’t stand with your hands in the pockets.
  • He sleeps with the window closed.
  • They like walking with the leaves _____(fall).
  • He was lying on the grass with his eyes _____ (look/fix) at / on the stars.
  • They have to stay at home at the weekend with a lot of work _____ . (do)
  • falling Looking /fixed to do 12 saving? Down flowed the brown cascade. 棕色的小瀑布飘垂下来(第7段) 此句为倒装语序, The brown cascade flowed down. “If Jim doesn’t kill me.” she said to herself, “before he takes a second look at me , he’ll say I look like a Coney Island choir girl.” “如果吉姆不杀了我,”她自言自语道:“在他再看我一眼之前,他会说我看起来像一个科尼岛歌舞女孩” a Coney Island choir girl: 科尼岛属于纽约市布鲁克区。科尼岛歌舞女孩是当时那里娱乐业从业人员的一种典型形象 1 saving?.He is a patient needing ___. A.attending B.attending to C.attending on D.all of the above 2.They had a quiet wedding---only a few friends ___it. A.attended to B.attended C.joined D. joined in
  • Multiple choice
  • 3.She was carrying a parcel of books ___ in saving? brown paper. A.doing up B.done up C.doing with D.done with 4.---Can you lend me some money? ---Certainly. Will $10 ___? A.make B.OK C.do D.go 5.On the door was pinned a note, which ___ “Thank you for your help.” A.read B.say C.wrote D.was read 6. When the famous scientist was making a saving? speech, many eyes were ___ on him. A.set B.centered C.fixed D.aimed 7.---What Tom said was to point out your mistake as well as apologizing to you. ---___. A.Oh, that’s all right. B.Oh, it’s nothing. C.Forget it. D.Really? as well as 的强调点是在前面的事情,所以回答 应针对“…point out your mistake”. 8.I can’t save more money because 1000 yuan saving? a month doesn’t ___ far. A.go B.walk C.last D.spread 9.Our school is a beautiful and famous one. I took ___ in being a member of it. A.glory B.honour C.pride D.pleasure 10.She is a girl who likes to show her beauty . Look, she is ___ herself up again. A.making B.doing C.picking D.taking 11.She is a very promising girl; I think she will saving? never ___ us down. A.get B.set C.let D.put 12.As far as I know, he pulled through all kinds of hardship ___ length. A.in B.at C.on D.by 13.___ production up by 60 percent, the company saving? has had another excellent year.(NMET2000) A.As B.For C.With D.Through 14.It was a pity that the great writer died ___ his works unfinished. (2004福建,30) A.for B.with C.from D.of (with 当“随着”讲时是介词,后跟名词。 as 当“随着”讲时是连词,后跟句子。) (with复合结构作状语, 而不是表示原因。) Step 4 saving? Write a short description of Della Della, who is a beautiful young woman, lives a poor life. She has no good housing conditions or valuable possessions, but she owns a loving husband and long beautiful brown hair. She loves her husband so much that she even cuts her unique hair to buy her husband a Christmas present. She is a nice woman, and she has a simple but warm life. Step 5 saving? Predict what will happen in the second part of the story Her husband, Jim, will feel angry because Della looks ugly without her beautiful hair. They will have a quarrel in the evening because Jim thinks it isn’t necessary to buy an expensive gift. And he just buys a cheap present for Della. Della will feel very sad and regret selling her hair. She will cry for a long time A Sacrifice For Love 2 saving? Period 3 Integrating skills Fast reading: the general idea of each part saving? Della was anxious to wait for Jim and was afraid that Jim’s love would go out. Para1: Para2: Para3: Para4: Para5: Para6: Para7: Para8: Para9: Jim was burdened with the family and had no money to buy even a new overcoat or gloves. Jim stared at Della with a strange expression on his face. Della explained why she had her hair cut off. Jim was still confused. Jim was awake and expressed nothing could make him love Della any less. Della was so happy when she saw a set of beautiful and Expensive combs Jim bought her. Della showed Jim her gift—a gold watch chain that was Worthy of his gold watch. Jim told Della he sold his watch for her combs. Careful-reading saving? Della thinks he will either be very angry or disappointed (or both) and not love her any more.
  • How did Della expect Jim react when he saw her?
  • What was Jim’s reaction? Describe his feelings?
  • Why did Della burst into tears when she opened the package?
  • Jim is shocked when he sees Della, and he doesn’t know what to say. She cries because she is reminded of her beautiful hair, and the combs which she so much wanted are now of no use to her. The story takes place in a city in America. saving? 4. Where did the story take place? 5. Explain the title of this short story. What does it mean? 6. Is the story humorous or not? How would you describe the story? The title means that both Della and Jim give up their most precious possession for the love of each other. I think the story is humorous in a way, but also with some irony. It is hard to say the story is funny, but the story is surprising. Step saving?4 Discussion 1.Were Della and Jim both foolish to sell their favorite possessions? O.Henry want to tell us that they were not foolish. They were wise because they had each sacrificed their most valuable possessions for the person they loved. They were like the three wise men—the Magi—who brought presents for Jesus Christ after he was born. Keep in mind, that this is why Christians still give presents on Christmas Day: to remember the gifts the Magi brought Christ on that very first Christmas. Graphic representation of the text saving? A Sacrifice For Love Della Jim love sell sell gold watch chain watch hair a set of comb Proverbs saving? Look at these English sayings. Can you translate them easily into Chinese? 1.Love is the greatest gift of all. 2. Money can't buy you love. 3. A gift must come from the heart. 4. Beauty comes from within. Language points: saving? burden [bз:dn] n. 1) a source of great worry or stress; weight 负荷;负担;重载 eg. He could not carry the burden alone. The burden of economic sacrifice rests on the workers of the plant. 2. a responsibility or duty责任,义务 eg. The burden of organizing the campaign fell to me. vt. to load or trouble使负重担;使麻烦 eg. I will not burden you with a lengthy account. He is burdened with heavy taxation. fix [fiks] vt. saving? 1)to direct steadily使集中,使固定 She fixed her eyes on the road ahead. 2) to make stable or firm Campers fixed the tent poles in the ground. 3)to capture or hold 吸引,抓住 The man with the long beard fixed our attention. 4) to agree on; arrange同意;安排 Later, we fixed a time to meet next time. fix on 决定 We‘ve fixed on the 14th of April for the wedding. fix sth on / upon 专注;凝视 Thousands of eyes are fixed on the Tian An Men rostrum. She fixed her eyes on the road ahead. approve [v] saving? vt. 1) to consider right or good; think or speak favorably of 赞成, 满意, 批准 My parents don't approve of me smoking cigarettes. 2) to consent to officially or formally; 认可;通过 The resolution was approved 82 to 16 with 18 abstentions. vi. 3) to show, feel, or express approval同意赞成,赞同 (常与of连用) I don't approve of wasting time. I don't approve of smoking. at length saving? 1)    after some time; eventually终于,最后 eg. At length, the bus arrived, forty minutes late. 2)   for a considerable time; fully长时间地;彻底地 eg. The judge spoke at length about the court ruling The professor asked his students to treat this subject at length. tear at 1. to pull at or attack violently 撕扯 猛裂地撕扯或进攻: eg. The dog tore at the meat. 2. to distress greatly严重伤害: eg. Their plight tore at his
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