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Algorithm Juliana Quintero 9C Origin of algorithms  ,The word algorithm come from the name of a Persian mathematician, astronomer, geographer and scholar in the house of wisdom of Baghdad , He wrote a treatise in Arabic language in the 9th century, which was translated into Latin in the 12th century under the title Algoritmi de numero Indorum. This title means “Algoritmi on the numbers of the Indians”, where “Algoritmi” was the translator’s Latinizatio
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   Algorithm Juliana Quintero 9C   Origin of algorithms ,The word algorithm come from the name of a Persian mathematician, astronomer, geographer and scholar in the house of wisdom of Baghdad , He wrote a treatise in Arabic language in the 9th century, which was  translated into Latin in the 12th century under  the title Algoritmi de numero Indorum. This  title means “Algoritmi on the numbers of the Indians”, where “Algoritmi” was the  translator’s Latinization of Al-Khwarizmi’s name.  characteristics of algorithms 1. Finiteness. An algorithm must always terminate after a finite number of steps. 2.Definiteness. Each step of an algorithm must be precisely defined; the actions to be carried out must be rigorously and unambiguously specified for each case. 3.Input. An algorithm has zero or more inputs, i.e, quantities which are given to it initially before the algorithm begins. 4.Output. An algorithm has one or more outputs i.e, quantities which have a specified relation to the inputs. 5.Effectiveness. An algorithm is also generally expected to be effective. This means that all of the operations to be performed in the algorithm must be sufficiently basic that they can in principle be done exactly and in a finite length of time.  Part of algorithms 1. Basic operation: made assumptions of the  values that it will work with. 2. Parameters: many algorithms take data as an input. 3. Sequencing: ordering the operations once the inputs are already there. 4. Variables named values: we name algorithms or things with abbreviations. 5. Conditionals: At times, our algorithms have to account for different conditions, doing different  things depending on those conditions. 6. Repetition: its a technique when we need something again and again as is required. 7. Subroutines: require the use of some common or more basic operations and actions. (INPUT, PROCESS, OUTPUT)
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