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Annex 12 – Search and Rescue – incorporating all amendments up to and including Amendment 17 applicable 25 November 2004 New Zealand’s Compliance with the Standards and recommended Practices of Annex 12 –Search and Rescue – incorporating all amendments up to and including Amendment 17 applicable 25 November 2004 Annex 12 Search and Rescue Editorial Note: The annotations on the following reproduction of Annex 12 reference the material which is deemed to implement the Standards and Recommended P
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  Annex 12 – Search and Rescue – incorporating all amendments up to and includingAmendment 17 applicable 25 November 2004 New Zealand’s Compliance with the Standards and recommended Practices of Annex 12 –Search and Rescue – incorporating all amendments up to andincluding Amendment 17 applicable 25 November 2004 Annex 12 Search and Rescue Editorial Note: The annotations on the following reproduction of Annex 12 reference the material which isdeemed to implement the Standards and Recommended Practices. Annotations comprisered font on a yellow background for a colour reproduction of this document and black fonton a shaded background for a monochrome reproduction. Any Differences between thenational regulations and/or practices of New Zealand and the Annex provisions are notedin a similar manner and tabulated at the end of the document. Note. This Annex is supplemented by the International Aeronautical and MaritimeSearch and Rescue (IAMSAR) Manual, Volume I  Organization and Management, VolumeII  Mission Co-ordination, and Volume III  Mobile Facilities (Doc 9731), the purpose of which is to assist States in meeting their search and rescue (SAR) needs and obligationsaccepted under the Convention on International Civil Aviation. These obligations, as theyrelate to the provision of SAR services, are specified in this Annex as Standards andRecommended Practices. The three volumes of the IAMSAR Manual provide guidance for acommon aviation and maritime approach to organizing and providing SAR services. Statesare encouraged, by use of the manual, to develop and improve their SAR services and tocooperate with neighbouring States. CHAPTER 1. DEFINITIONS When the following terms are used in the Standards and Recommended Practices forsearch and rescue, they have the following meanings: Alerting post . Any facility intended to serve as an intermediary between a personreporting an emergency and a rescue coordination centre or rescue subcentre. Alert phase . A situation wherein apprehension exists as to the safety of an aircraft and itsoccupants. Distress phase . A situation wherein there is a reasonable certainty that an aircraft and itsoccupants are threatened by grave and imminent danger and require immediateassistance. Ditching . The forced landing of an aircraft on water. Emergency phase . A generic term meaning, as the case may be, uncertainty phase, alertphase or distress phase. Joint rescue coordination centre (JRCC). A rescue coordination centre responsible forboth aeronautical and maritime search and rescue operations. Operator. A person, organization or enterprise engaged in or offering to engage in anaircraft operation. Pilot-in-command. The pilot designated by the operator, or in the case of generalaviation, the owner, as being in command and charged with the safe conduct of a flight. Difference:- Pilot-in-command, in relation to any aircraft, means the pilot responsible for the operationand safety of the aircraft. Rescue . An operation to retrieve persons in distress, provide for their initial medical orother needs, and deliver them to a place of safety.Page 1 of 29 C:\Year 2005\Annex 12 Amdt 17 Cmp Stmt.doc  Annex 12 – Search and Rescue – incorporating all amendments up to and includingAmendment 17 applicable 25 November 2004 Rescue coordination centre (RCC). A unit responsible for promoting efficientorganization of search and rescue services and for coordinating the conduct of search andrescue operations within a search and rescue region. Rescue subcentre (RSC ). A unit subordinate to a rescue coordination centre, establishedto complement the latter according to particular provisions of the responsible authorities. Search . An operation normally coordinated by a rescue coordination centre or rescuesubcentre using available personnel and facilities to locate persons in distress. Search and rescue aircraft. An aircraft provided with specialized equipment suitable forthe efficient conduct of search and rescue missions. Search and rescue facility . Any mobile resource, including designated search and rescueunits, used to conduct search and rescue operations. Search and rescue service. The performance of distress monitoring, communication,coordination and search and rescue functions, initial medical assistance or medicalevacuation, through the use of public and private resources, including cooperating aircraft,vessels and other craft and installations. Search and rescue region (SRR). An area of defined dimensions, associated with arescue coordination centre, within which search and rescue services are provided. Search and rescue unit. A mobile resource composed of trained personnel and providedwith equipment suitable for the expeditious conduct of search and rescue operations. State of Registry . The State on whose register the aircraft is entered. Uncertainty phase . A situation wherein uncertainty exists as to the safety of an aircraftand its occupants. CHAPTER 2. ORGANIZATION 2.1 Search and rescue services 2.1.1 Contracting States shall, individually or in cooperation with other States,arrange for the establishment and prompt provision of search and rescue services withintheir territories to ensure that assistance is rendered to persons in distress. Such servicesshall be provided on a 24-hour basis. 2.1.1 Compliance Statement In accordance with section 14B of the Civil Aviation Act 1990:(1) The Minister (of Transport) (a) must establish, maintain, and operate a search and rescue co-ordination centre to co-ordinate and conduct(i) an aviation search and rescue operation; and(ii) a maritime search and rescue operation; and(iii) any other search and rescue operation that the Minister considersappropriate; and(b) may exercise any powers that may be necessary or desirable(i) for the effective co-ordination and performance of a search andrescue operation specified in paragraph (a); and(ii) to implement any international convention or agreement relating tosearch and rescue to which New Zealand is a party; andPage 2 of 29 C:\Year 2005\Annex 12 Amdt 17 Cmp Stmt.doc  Annex 12 – Search and Rescue – incorporating all amendments up to and includingAmendment 17 applicable 25 November 2004(c) may appoint persons to, either generally or in any particular case,participate in or co-ordinate a search and rescue operation specified in paragraph (a).(2) The Minister may authorise the payment, out of money appropriated for thepurpose by Parliament, of an amount that the Minister considers appropriate to(a) any person who assisted in a search and rescue operation specifiedin subsection (1)(a) at the request of a person appointed under subsection (1)(c); or(b) the owner of any vehicle, ship, or aircraft used in a search andrescue operation specified in subsection (1)(a) in response to a request by a personappointed under subsection (1)(c).In accordance with section 14C of the Civil Aviation Act 1990:The Minister may direct the Civil Aviation Authority or the Maritime Safety Authority, orany other Crown entity or government agency for which the Minister is responsible andwhose functions are consistent with search and rescue operations, to do any or all of thefollowing:(a) operate and maintain the search and rescue co-ordination centreestablished under section 14B(1)(a):(b) co-ordinate, or participate in the co-ordination of, any search andrescue operation specified in section 14B(1)(a):(c) perform, or participate in the performance of, any search andrescue operation specified in section 14B(1)(a):(d) exercise any or all the powers of the Minister under section 14B(1)(b) and (c) and section 14B(2). 2.1.1.1 Those portions of the high seas or areas of undetermined sovereignty forwhich search and rescue services will be established shall be determined on the basis of regional air navigation agreements. Contracting States having accepted the responsibilityto provide search and rescue services in such areas shall thereafter, individually or incooperation with other States, arrange for the services to be established and provided inaccordance with the provisions of this Annex. 2.1.1.1 Compliance Statement Search and Rescue Coverage AreaNZ Search and Rescue – Who Does WhatSee also 2.1.1 Note. The phrase “regional air navigation agreements” refers to the agreementsapproved by the Council of ICAO normally on the advice of Regional Air NavigationMeetings. 2.1.1.2 Basic elements of search and rescue services shall include a legal framework,a responsible authority, organized available resources, communication facilities and aworkforce skilled in coordination and operational functions. 2.1.1.2 Compliance Statement Legal framework and responsible authority: See 2.1.1 and 2.1.1.1Responsible Authority:Maritime Safety Authorityhttp://www.maritimenz.govt.nz/saro_intro.aspPage 3 of 29 C:\Year 2005\Annex 12 Amdt 17 Cmp Stmt.doc  Annex 12 – Search and Rescue – incorporating all amendments up to and includingAmendment 17 applicable 25 November 2004 2.1.1.3 Search and rescue services shall establish processes to improve serviceprovision, including the aspects of planning, domestic and international cooperativearrangements and training. 2.1.1.3 Compliance Statement All Class III SAR operations are conducted in accordance with RCCNZ Standard OperatingProcedures. 2.1.2 In providing assistance to aircraft in distress and to survivors of aircraftaccidents, Contracting States shall do so regardless of the nationality or status of suchpersons or the circumstances in which such persons are found. 2.1.2 Compliance Statement The New Zealand Search and Rescue organisation is established to provide assistance topersons in distress in compliance with normal humanitarian standards and, moreparticularly, where aircraft or ships are involved, in accordance with internationalConventions which require New Zealand to provide a 24-hour SAR service throughout theNew Zealand Search and Rescue Region (SRR).Note: Search and Rescue operations in New Zealand are divided into three classes. Class Iand Class II are limited operations controlled by New Zealand Police utilising police andsome civil resources. Class III are SAR operations controlled by Rescue Coordination NewZealand, utilising all necessary available military and civil resources. 2.1.3 Contracting States having accepted responsibility to provide search and rescueservices shall use search and rescue units and other available facilities to assist anyaircraft or its occupants that are or appear to be in a state of emergency. 2.1.3 Compliance Statement See 2.1.2. 2.1.4 Where separate aeronautical and maritime rescue coordination centres servethe same area, States shall ensure the closest practicable coordination between thecentres. 2.1.4 Compliance Statement Not applicable - New Zealand operates an integrated search and rescue system. 2.1.5 Recommendation . Contracting States should facilitate consistency andcooperation between their aeronautical and maritime search and rescue services. 2.1.5 Compliance Statement RCCNZ coordinates national and international civil and military resources in Class IIIsearches involving any missing aircraft or vessels, the activation of an emergency beaconand searches that require greater attention and resources than a Class II search. 2.1.6 Recommendation . Contracting States should establish joint rescuecoordination centres to coordinate aeronautical and maritime search and rescueoperations, where practical. 2.1.6 Compliance Statement RCCNZ is based at Avalon in Wellington New Zealand and is responsible for coordinatingmajor maritime and aviation search and rescue (SAR) operations in New Zealand’s SARregion (SRR). 2.2 Search and rescue regions 2.2.1 Contracting States shall delineate the search and rescue regions within whichthey will provide search and rescue services. Such regions shall not overlap andneighbouring regions shall be contiguous.Page 4 of 29 C:\Year 2005\Annex 12 Amdt 17 Cmp Stmt.doc
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