AP European History

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AP European History/Lambert Ch. 14: Reformation and Renewal in the Christian Church Learning Goals: y Discuss the condition of the Catholic church before the age of Reformation. y Discuss why the theological ideas of Martin Luther triggered political, social, and economic reactions. y Explain the theological tenets and contributions of Luther, Calvin, Knox, and the Anabaptists. y Explain the story of the English Reformation. y Explain the Catholic Church s reaction to the Protestant Reformation.
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   AP European History/Lambert Ch. 14: Reformation and Renewal in the Christian ChurchLearning Goals: y   Discuss the condition of the Catholic church before the age of Reformation. y   Discuss why the theological ideas of Martin Luther triggered political, social, andeconomic reactions. y   Ex plain the theological tenets and contributions of Luther, Calvin, Kno x , and theAnabaptists. y   Ex plain the story of the E nglish Reformation. y   Ex plain the Catholic Churchs reaction to the Protestant Reformation. y   Ex plain Protestantisms impact on western society. Do the reform movementsrepresent revolution or continuity? I . The Condition of the Church (1400-1517) A. The declining prestige of the church and early calls for reform1. Babylonian captivity2. The Great Schism3. Conciliar movement 4. Machiavellis quote5. E rasmusB. Signs of Disorder1. Quality of local priests2. Immorality3. Ignorance4. Pluralism and absenteeism5. Simony (not in te x tbook  look up)6. Secular popesa. Pius II (1458-1464)b. Si x us IV (1471-1484)c. Innocent VIII (1484-1492)d. Ale x ander VI (Borgia) (1492-1503)   e. Julius II (1503-1513)f. Leo X (1513-1521)C. Signs of Vitality1. Cardinal Cisneros ( E spaña)2. Brethren of the Common Life (Holland)3. The Imitation of Christ  ; Thomas à Kempis4. Devout religious observances5. Julius IIs ecumenical council (1512-1517) II . Martin Luther and the Birth of Protestantism A. Luthers E arly Years1. Bio/education2. Doctorate in theology/professorship3. Search for salvation; questioning of monastic life4. His epiphany: man is saved by faith alone ( sole fide) ; e x plain:B. The 95 Theses1. The story of indulgences (be able to tell the story)a. Archbishop Alberts pluralismb. Leo Xc. The Fuggers!  d. Frederick the Wise of Sa x onye. Indulgences  what were they? See woodcut on p. 460.f. Johann Tetzel2. Luthers reaction/outragea. The 95 Theses; what e x actly were they?b. Posted Oct. 31, 1517 on church door in Wittenberg (did it reallyhappen?)c. Luthers early arguments (moderate)i. Rejected good ________ as a means of salvationii. No Biblical basis for __________________iii. Where does _______________ lie in the Christian church?d. Luthers later arguments (more radical); the Leipzig debatei. Denied the authority of the ______________3. Reaction of the Churcha. Warning: Recant or be ___________________b. Ex communicationc. The Diet of Worms (1521)i. Charles Vs first councilii. Luthers famous speech; what did he say?d. E dict of Worms - Luther declared an outlawe. Protected by Frederick the Wise; translated NT into German4. Swiss Reformation1. Ulrich Zwingli  2. Colloquy of Marburg (1529)C. Protestant Thought 1. Diet of Speyer (1529); Protestants2. Confession of Augsburg (1530)3. Four key questions:a. How is a person to be saved?b. Where does religious authority reside?c. What is the church?d. What is the highest form of Christian life?4.  P  riesthood of all believers; e x plain5. Number of sacraments6. Differing views on the E ucharist (Holy Communion)a. Transubstantiationb. Consubstantiationc. Memorial only7. Were these issues a reformulation of Catholic beliefs or radical revolution ?You decide.D. Social Impact of Luthers Beliefs1. Role of the printing pressa. What did German cities resent?2. Preacherships established
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