Detoxification (Alternative Medicine)

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Detoxification (alternative medicine) From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (Redirected from Kinoki) Jump to: navigation, search Detoxification is an alternative medicine approach that proponents claim rids the body of toxins , accumulated harmful substances that are alleged to exert undesirable effects on individual health. Detoxification usually includes one or more of: dieting, fasting, consuming exclusively or avoiding specific foods (such as fats, carbohydrates, fruits, vegetables, juices,
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  Detoxification (alternative medicine) From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia(Redirected fromKinoki)Jump to: navigation,search  Detoxification is analternative medicineapproach that proponents claim rids the body of toxins ,accumulated harmful substances that are alleged to exert undesirable effects on individual health.Detoxification usually includes one or more of: dieting,fasting, consuming exclusively or avoiding specific foods (such as fats, carbohydrates, fruits, vegetables, juices, herbs, or water),colon cleansing,  chelation therapy, or the removal of dental fillings.[1][2]Body cleansing is not supported by science, with no medical benefits demonstrated, and is based on questionable or disproved scientific claims.[3][4][5][6]The toxins are usually undefined, with no evidence (or inappropriately used testing) for toxic accumulation in the patient.[7] Contents ã 1 Background ã 2 Types ã 2.1 Detox diets ã 2.2 Colon cleansing ã 2.3 Heavy metals ã 2.4 Foot and skin Detoxification devices ã 3 Criticism ã 4 See also ã 5 References ã 6 External links Background The premise of body cleansing is based on theAncient Egyptianand Greek idea of autointoxication, in which foods consumed or in the humoral theory of healththat the four humours themselves can  putrefy and produce toxins that harm the body.Biochemistryandmicrobiology appeared to support the theory in the 19th century, but by the early twentieth century, detoxification based approachesquickly fell out of favour.[8][9]Despite abandonment by mainstream medicine, the idea has persisted in the popular imagination and amongstalternative medicinepractitioners.[10][11][12]In recent years, notions of body cleansing have undergone something of a resurgence, along with many other alternative medical approaches. Nonetheless, mainstream medicine continues to produce evidencethat the field is unscientific and anachronistic.[10]Various modalities of body cleansing are currently employed, ranging from physical treatments (e.g.colon cleansing), to dietary restrictions (i.e. avoiding foods) or dietary supplements. Some variantsinvolve the use of herbs and supplements that purportedly speed or increase the effectiveness of the process of cleansing. Severalnaturopathicandhomeopathicpreparations are also promoted for  cleansing; such products are often marketed as targeting specificorgans,such as fiber for the colonor   juices for thekidneys.  Types Detox diets Detox diets aredietary plans that claim to havedetoxifying effects. The general idea suggests that most food is contaminated by various ingredients deemed unnecessary for human life, such as flavor enhancers, food colorings, and artificial preservatives. Scientists, dietitians, and doctors, whilegenerally judging 'detox diets' harmless (unlessnutritional deficiencyresults), often dispute the valueand need of 'detox diets' due to lack of supporting factual evidence or coherent rationale.[13]In cases where a person is actually suffering from a disease, belief in the efficacy of a detox diet can result indelay or failure to seek effective treatment.[14] Detox diets can involve consuming extremely limited foods (only water or juice, a form of fasting[15]), or eliminating certain foods from the diet (such as fats). Proponents claim that this will cause the body to burn accumulated stored fats, releasing fat-stored toxins into the blood, which can then be eliminated through the blood, skin, urine, feces and breath. Proponents claim things like an altered body odor support the notion that detox diets areworking; this claim has been criticized for misinterpreting the body undergoingketosis.[2]Though a  brief fast of a single day is unlikely to cause harm, prolonged fasting can be fatal.[1] Colon cleansing Main article:colon cleansingColon cleansing is based on a prescientific theoretical model adopted from Ancient Egypt, involvesthe use of  herbsand/or enemas(called colonics) to remove food that proponents claim remains in the colonand rots, producing symptoms and general ill-health. The colon usually does not require anyhelp cleaning itself, and the practices can be both expensive and potentially dangerous.[1] Heavy metals Mercury amalgam filling removal: Advocates may recommend the removal of  dental amalgam  fillings under the guise of potential mercury poisoning. The process uses a mercury vapour analyzer  to generate a reading. Sometimes spurious, artificially high results are achieved , which are then usedto justify an expensive dental procedure to remove the filling material. Proponents also call for the useof  chelation therapy, sometimes even using a chemical such asEDTAto provoke spuriously high urine levels of heavy metals so tests give inaccurate readings. Following the falsely high test result,the advocate will then recommend detoxification using products and services sold by the advocate.As in most situations, prevention is always preferred over detoxification. There are alternativesavailable to silver amalgam fillings in the modern era that were not available when the first mercuryamalgam fillings were invented.[1]There are many herbal compounds designed and marketed to help the body excrete toxic heavy metalslike lead and mercury. Among those, a common basic ingredient is often the herbCilantro(ChineseParsley) and/or Chlorella. Foot and skin Detoxification devices Certain devices are promoted to allegedly remove toxins from the body. One version is a foot bathusing a mild electrical current, while another involves small adhesive pads applied to the skin (usuallythe foot). In both cases, the production of an alleged brown toxin appears after a brief delay. In thecase of the foot bath, the toxin is actually small amounts of rustediron leaching from the electrodes.The adhesive pads change color due tooxidation of the pads' ingredients in response to the skin's moisture. In both cases, the same color changes occur irrespective of whether the water or patch evenmake contact with the skin (they merely require water-thus proving the color change is not a result of   any body detoxification process).[1] Criticism Body cleansing and detoxification have been referred to as an elaboratehoaxused bycon artiststo cure nonexistent illnesses. Some doctors contend that the 'toxins' in question do not even exist.[1][16][17] Alternative medicine proponents frequently cite heavy metals or pesticides as the source of toxification; however, no evidence exists that detoxification approaches have a measurable effect onthese or any other chemical levels. Medical experts state that body cleansing is unnecessary as thehuman body is naturally capable of maintaining itself, with several organs dedicated to cleansing the bloodand gut.[18]Professor Alan Boobis OBE, Toxicologist, Division of Medicine, Imperial College London states that The body’s own detoxification systems are remarkably sophisticated andversatile. They have to be, as the natural environment that we evolved in is hostile. It is remarkablethat people are prepared to risk seriously disrupting these systems with unproven ‘detox’ diets, whichcould well do more harm than good. [13]The apparently satisfied testimonialandanecdotalaccounts by customers can often be explained by disguised employeescompanies or individuals creating false anecdotes, legitimate customers who areexperiencing the placebo effectafter using the products, natural recovery from an actual illness thatwould have occurred without the use of the product, psychological improvements on illnesses that are psychosomaticor the result of  neurosis, or the lack of a larger number of dissatisfied customers not  posting equally applicable anecdotes about their poorer experiences.[19] See also ã Bioelectromagnetics ã Electrical devices in alternative medicine ã Franz Mesmer  ã Magnet therapy ã Pseudoscience ã Quackery ã Rife machine ã Hologram therapy References 1.^  a   b   c   d    e    f   Barrett, S(2009-05-08).  Detoxification Schemes and Scams .Quackwatch. Retrieved 2010-06-10.2.^  a   b   Detox Diets: Cleansing the Body .WebMD. Retrieved 2010-06-23. 3. ^ Henderson, M; Yeoman F (2006-01-03).  Detox diets are a waste of time and money, sayscientists . The Times . Retrieved 2010-06-23.4. ^ Scientists call detox fad waste of money . The Washington Times . 2006-01-04. Retrieved2010-06-23.5. ^ Scientists dismiss detox schemes .   BBC News .2006-01-03. Retrieved 2010-06-23.6. ^ Randerson, J (2009-01-05). Detox remedies are a waste of money, say scientists .  TheGuardian . Retrieved 2010-06-23.7. ^ Zeratsky, K (2010-04-22). Do detox diets offer any health benefits? .Mayo Clinic. Retrieved 2010-06-23.8. ^ Alvarez, WC (1919). Origin of the so-called auto-intoxication symptom .  JAMA . 9. ^ Wanjek, C (2006-08-08). Colon Cleansing: Money Down the Toilet . LiveScience. Retrieved 2008-11-10.  10.^ a   b Ernst E (June 1997). Colonic irrigation and the theory of autointoxication: a triumph of ignorance over science .   Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology   24 (4): 196–8.doi:10.1097/00004836-199706000-00002.PMID 9252839. 11. ^ Chen TS, Chen PS (1989). Intestinal autointoxication: a medical leitmotif .  J. Clin.Gastroenterol.   11 (4): 434–41. doi:10.1097/00004836-198908000-00017. PMID 2668399. 12. ^ Adams, C.  Does colonic irrigation do you any good? . The Straight Dope. Retrieved 2008- 09-02.13.^ a   b   Detox press release . Sense About Science. Retrieved 2012-03-22.14. ^ Man dies after favoring detox and forgoing dialysis . Smh.com.au. Retrieved 2012-03-22.15. ^ BBC Staff (23 July 2008). Woman left brain damaged by detox . BBC News. Retrieved2008-07-23. A woman has been awarded more than £800,000 after she suffered permanent brain damage while on a detox diet. 16. ^ Berg, Francis.  Detoxification with Pills and Fasting .Quackwatch. Retrieved 2007-02- 12.17. ^ Mitchell, B (2006-01-04).  Scientists warn detox fads are a ‘waste of money’ .  Irish Examiner  . Retrieved 2010-06-23.18. ^ Stamos, J (2007-02-08). Colon Cleansers: Are They Safe? Experts discuss the safety andeffectiveness of colon cleansers .WebMd. Retrieved 2010-06-23. 19. ^ Carroll, RT(2010-04-24).  Detoxification therapies . Skepdic.com. Retrieved 2010-06-23. External links ã The Detox Dossier (PDF).Sense About Science. ã Carroll, RT(2010-04-24). Detoxification therapies . Skepdic.com. Retrieved 2010-06-23.
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