Devanagari Alphabet

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Devanagari alphabet http://www.omniglot.com/writing/devanagari.htm Devanāgarī (दे वनागरी िलिप) The Nāgarī or Devanāgarī alphabet developed from eastern variants of the Gupta script called Nāgarī, which first emerged during the 8th century. This script was starting to resemble the modern Devanāgarī alphabet by the 10th century, and started to replace Siddham from about 1200. The name Devanāgarī is made up of two Sanskrit words: deva, which means god, brahman or celestial, and nāgarī, which mean
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  Devan ā gar ī ( देवनागरी    िलप  ) The N ā gar  ī or Devan ā gar  ī alphabet developed from eastern variants of the Gupta script calledN ā gar  ī , which first emerged during the 8th century. This script was starting to resemble themodern Devan ā gar  ī alphabet by the 10th century, and started to replace Siddham from about1200.The name Devan ā gar  ī is made up of two Sanskrit words: deva , which means god, brahman orcelestial, and n ā gar  ī , which means city. The name is variously translated as script of the city , heavenly/sacred script of the city or [script of the] city of the Gods or priests . Notable Features Type of writing system: alphasyllabary / abugida.Direction of writing: left to right in horizontal lines.Consonant letters carry an inherent vowel which can be altered or muted by means of diacritics or matra .Vowels can be written as independent letters, or by using a variety of diacritical markswhich are written above, below, before or after the consonant they belong to. This featureis common to most of the alphabets of South and South East Asia.When consonants occur together in clusters, special conjunct letters are used.The order of the letters is based on articulatory phonetics. Used to write: Awadhi,Bhojpuri,Hindi,Kashmiri,Konkani,Maithili,Marathi,Marwari,Mundari,Nepal Bhasa / Newari,Nepali,Pali,Rajasthani,Sanskrit,Saraiki,Sindhi,Sylhetiand many other languages. Devan ā gar ī alphabetOther symbolsConsonants Devanagari alphabethttp://www.omniglot.com/writing/devanagari.htm1 of 36/30/2012 7:35 PM  Sanskrit Translation Variant letters Some letters are two forms: the Classical, Northern or Kalikata (Calcutta) form is used in thenorth of India; while the Modern, Southern or Mumbai (Bombay) form is used in the south Indiaand has become the standard form. A selection of conjunct consonants There are about a thousand conjunct consonants, most of which combine two or three consonants.There are also some with four-consonant conjuncts and at least one well-known conjunct with fiveconsonants.Complete chart of conjunct consonantsDownload the chart(Excel, 39K) Numerals More information about the Devanagari Script Links Information about Devanagarihttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Devanagarihttp://www.ancientscripts.com/devanagari.htmlhttp://hindilanguage.info/devanagari/ Devanagari alphabethttp://www.omniglot.com/writing/devanagari.htm2 of 36/30/2012 7:35 PM  of names and phrasesAn archive of Sanskrit dictionaries, readers & grammars in German,English & Russian. (circa 4000 Mb Book Scans, devanagari fonts):http://groups.google.com/group/NagariDevanagari script tutorhttp://www.avashy.com/hindiscripttutor.htmFree Devanagari fontshttp://www.wazu.jp/gallery/Fonts_Devanagari.htmlhttp://www.kiranfont.comDownload free devanagari fonts & transliteration macros. History and hi-res scans of Indiantypography:http://nagari.southindia.ru ALPHABETUM - a Unicode font specifically designed for ancient scripts, including classical & medieval Latin, ancient Greek, Etruscan, Oscan, Umbrian, Faliscan, Messapic, Picene, Iberian,Celtiberian, Gothic, Runic, Old & Middle English, Hebrew, Sanskrit, Old Nordic, Ogham,Kharosthi, Glagolitic, Old Cyrillic, Phoenician, Avestan, Ugaritic, Linear B, Anatolian scripts,Coptic, Cypriot, Brahmi, Old Persian cuneiform:http://guindo.pntic.mec.es/~jmag0042 /alphabet.html Syllabic alphabets / abugidas Ahom,Balinese,Batak,Bengali,Brahmi,Buhid,Burmese,Chakma,Cham,Dehong Dai, Devanagari,Dhives Akuru,Ethiopic,Ev ē la Akuru,Gondi,Grantha,Gujarati,Gupta,Gurmukhi (Punjabi),Hanuno'o,Hmong,Javanese,Kaithi,Kannada,Kharosthi,Khmer,Lanna,Lao,Lepcha, Limbu,Lontara/Makasar,Malayalam,Manpuri,Modi,New Tai Lue,Oriya,Pahawh Hmong,Pallava, Phags-pa,Ranjana,Redjang,Shan,Sharda,Siddham,Sindhi,Sinhala,Sorang Sompeng, Sourashtra,Soyombo,Sundanese,Syloti Nagri,Tagalog,Tagbanwa,Takri,Tamil,Telugu,Thai, Tibetan,Tocharian,Varang Kshiti Copyright 1998-2012 Simon Ager Devanagari alphabethttp://www.omniglot.com/writing/devanagari.htm3 of 36/30/2012 7:35 PM
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