Music project

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Music project th Task: To describe 20 century music Done by Alfred Scriven Class: 8simba Teacher in charge : E. Tuikong 20 century music th 20th century music is defined by the sudden emergence of advanced technology for recording and distributing music as well as dramatic innovations in musical forms and styles. Because music was no longer limited to concerts, opera-houses, clubs, and domestic music-making, it became possible for music artists to quickly gain global recognition and influe
  Music project Task: To describe 20 th century music Done by Alfred Scriven Class: 8simbaTeacher in charge : E. Tuikong  20  th century music  20 th centurymusicis defined by the sudden emergence of advancedtechnology for recording and distributing music as well as dramaticinnovations in musical forms and styles. Because music was no longerlimited to concerts, opera-houses, clubs, and domestic music-making, itbecame possible for music artists to quickly gain global recognition andinfluence. Twentieth-century music brought new freedom and wideexperimentation with new musical styles and forms that challenged theaccepted rules of music of earlier periods. Faster modes oftransportation allowed musicians and fans to travel more widely toperform or listen. Amplification permitted giant concerts to be heard bythose with the least expensive tickets, and the inexpensive reproductionand transmission or broadcast of music gave rich and poor alike nearlyequal access to high quality music performances.In the early 20th century many composers,includingRachmaninoff,Richard Strauss,Giacomo Puccini, andEdward Elgar, continued to work in forms and in a musical language that derivedfrom the 19th century. However,modernismin music became increasinglyprominent and important; among the mostimportantmodernistprecursors wereAlexander Scriabin,Claude Debussy, and the post-Wagneriancomposers such asGustav MahlerandRichard Strauss, who experimented with form, tonality and orchestration. [1]  Busoni,Stravinsky,Schoenberg, andSchrekerwere already recognized before 1914 as modernists, andIveswas retrospectively also included inthis category for his challenges to the uses of tonality. [1] Others suchasFrancis Poulencand the group of composers known asLes Sixwrote music in opposition to the Impressionistic and Romantic ideas of thetime. [ citation needed  ] Composers such asRavel,Milhaud, andGershwincombined classical and jazz idioms. Others, suchasProkofiev ,Hindemith,Shostakovich, andVilla-Lobosexpanded the romantic palette to include more dissonant elements. [ citation needed  ] Late-Romantic nationalism was found also in British, American, andLatin-American music of the early 20th century. Composers suchasRalph Vaughan Williams,Aaron Copland,Carlos Chávez, andHeitor  Villa-Lobosused folk themes collected by themselves or others in manyof their major compositions.Many composers sought to break from traditional performance rituals byincorporating theater and multimedia into their compositions, goingbeyond sound itself to achieve their artistic goals. [ citation needed  ] Minimalism, involving a simplification of materials and intensive repetitionof motives began in the late 1950s with the composersTerry Riley,Steve Reich, andPhilip Glass. Later, minimalism was adapted to a moretraditional symphonic setting by composers including Reich, Glass,andJohn Adams. Minimalism was practiced heavily throughout the latterhalf of the century and has carried over into the 21st century, as wellas composers likeArvo Pärt,Henryk GóreckiandJohn Tavenerworking in the holy minimalism  variant. For more examples see List of 20th century classical composers  .Contemporary classical music Main article: Contemporary classical music  In the broadest sense, contemporary music is any music being written inthe present day. In the context of classical music the term is informallyapplied to music written in the last half century or so, particularly workspost-1960, though standard reference works do not consistently followthis definition. Since it is a word that describes a movable time frame,rather than a particular style or unifying idea, there are no universallyagreed on criteria for making these distinctions.Many composers working the early 21st century were prominent figuresin the 20th century. Some younger composers such asOliverKnussen,Thomas Adès, andMichael Daughertydid not rise to prominence until late in the 20th century. For more examples see List of 21st century classical composers  .
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