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$Id: RUNNING.txt 354430 2005-12-06 13:44:26Z yoavs $ =================================================== Running The Apache Tomcat 6.0 Servlet/JSP Container =================================================== Apache Tomcat 6.0 requires the Java 2 Standard Edition Runtime Environment (JRE) version 5.0 or later. ============================= Running With JRE 5.0 Or Later ============================= (1) Download and Install the J2SE Runtime Environment (JRE) (1.1) Download the Java 2 Standard Edi
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$Id:RUNNING.txt3544302005-12-0613:44:26Zyoavs$===================================================RunningTheApacheTomcat6.0Servlet/JSPContainer===================================================ApacheTomcat6.0requirestheJava2StandardEditionRuntimeEnvironment(JRE)version5.0orlater.=============================RunningWithJRE5.0OrLater=============================(1)DownloadandInstalltheJ2SERuntimeEnvironment(JRE)(1.1)DownloadtheJava2StandardEditionRuntimeEnvironment(JRE),releaseversion5.0orlater,fromhttp://java.sun.com/j2se.(1.2)InstalltheJREaccordingtotheinstructionsincludedwiththerelease.(1.3)SetanenvironmentvariablenamedJAVA_HOMEtothepathnameofthedirectoryintowhichyouinstalledtheJRE,e.g.c:\j2sdk5.0or/usr/local/java/j2sdk5.0.(2)DownloadandInstalltheTomcatBinaryDistributionNOTE:Asanalternativetodownloadingabinarydistribution,youcancreateyourownfromtheTomcatsourcerepository,asdescribedin BUILDING.txt .Ifyoudothis,thevaluetousefor ${catalina.home} willbethe dist subdirectoryofyoursourcedistribution.(2.1)DownloadabinarydistributionofTomcatfrom:http://tomcat.apache.org(2.2)Unpackthebinarydistributionintoaconvenientlocationsothatthedistributionresidesinitsowndirectory(conventionallynamed apache-tomcat-[version] ).Forthepurposesoftheremainderofthisdocument,thesymbolicname $CATALINA_HOME isusedtorefertothefullpathnameofthereleasedirectory.(3)StartUpTomcat(3.1)Tomcatcanbestartedbyexecutingthefollowingcommands:$CATALINA_HOME\bin\startup.bat(Windows)$CATALINA_HOME/bin/startup.sh(Unix)(3.2)Afterstartup,thedefaultwebapplicationsincludedwithTomcatwillbeavailablebyvisiting:http://localhost:8080/(3.3)FurtherinformationaboutconfiguringandrunningTomcatcanbefoundinthedocumentationincludedhere,aswellasontheTomcatwebsite:  http://tomcat.apache.org(4)ShutDownTomcat(4.1)Tomcatcanbeshutdownbyexecutingthefollowingcommand:$CATALINA_HOME\bin\shutdown(Windows)$CATALINA_HOME/bin/shutdown.sh(Unix)==================================================AdvancedConfiguration-MultipleTomcatInstances==================================================Inmanycircumstances,itisdesirabletohaveasinglecopyofaTomcatbinarydistributionsharedamongmultipleusersonthesameserver.Tomakethispossible,youcanpassa -Dcatalina.base=$CATALINA_BASE argumentwhenexecutingthestartupcommand(see(2)).Inthis -Dcatalina.base=$CATALINA_BASE argument,replace$CATALINA_BASEwiththedirectorythatcontainsthefilesforyour'personal'Tomcatinstance.Whenyouusethis -Dcatalina.base=$CATALINA_BASE argument,Tomcatwillcalculateallrelativereferencesforfilesinthefollowingdirectoriesbasedonthevalueof$CATALINA_BASEinsteadof$CATALINA_HOME:*conf-Serverconfigurationfiles(includingserver.xml)*logs-Logandoutputfiles*lib-Forclassesandresourcesthatmustbesharedacrossallwebapplications*webapps-Automaticallyloadedwebapplications*work-Temporaryworkingdirectoriesforwebapplications*temp-DirectoryusedbytheJVMfortemporaryfiles(java.io.tmpdir)Ifyoudonotpassthe -Dcatalina.base=$CATALINA_BASE argumenttothestartupcommand,$CATALINA_BASEwilldefaulttothesamevalueas$CATALINA_HOME,whichmeansthatthesamedirectoryisusedforallrelativepathresolutions.================Troubleshooting================Thereareonlyreally3thingslikelytogowrongduringthestand-aloneTomcatinstall:(1)Themostcommonhiccupiswhenanotherwebserver(oranyprocessforthatmatter)haslaidclaimtoport8080.ThisisthedefaultHTTPportthatTomcatattemptstobindtoatstartup.Tochangethis,openthefile:$CATALINA_HOME/conf/server.xml  andsearchfor'8080'.Changeittoaportthatisn'tinuse,andisgreaterthan1024,asportslessthanorequalto1024requiresuperuseraccesstobindunderUNIX.RestartTomcatandyou'reinbusiness.Besurethatyoureplacethe 8080 intheURLyou'reusingtoaccessTomcat.Forexample,ifyouchangetheportto1977,youwouldrequesttheURLhttp://localhost:1977/inyourbrowser.(2)An outofenvironmentspace errorwhenrunningthebatchfilesinWindows95,98,orMEoperatingsystems.Right-clickontheSTARTUP.BATandSHUTDOWN.BATfiles.Clickon Properties ,thenonthe Memory tab.Forthe Initialenvironment field,enterinsomethinglike4096.Afteryouclickapply,Windowswillcreateshortcutswhichyoucanusetostartandstopthecontainer.(3)The'localhost'machineisn'tfound.Thiscouldhappenifyou'rebehindaproxy.Ifthat'sthecase,makesuretheproxyconfigurationforyourbrowserknowsthatyoushouldn'tbegoingthroughtheproxytoaccessthe localhost .InNetscape,thisisunderEdit/Preferences->Advanced/Proxies,andinInternetExplorer,Tools->InternetOptions->Connections->LANSettings.
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