Sociology Chapter 1: The Sociological Point of View

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Sociology Chapter 1: The Sociological Point of View. Section 1 is going to be your responsibility. Please read it. Sociology develops in the late 18 th and early 19 th centuries. Immediate Cause can be traced to the Industrial Revolution. Why do you think this is so?. Auguste Comte.
SociologyChapter 1: The Sociological Point of ViewSection 1 is going to be your responsibility. Please read it.Sociology develops in the late 18th and early 19th centuries.
  • Immediate Cause can be traced to the Industrial Revolution.
  • Why do you think this is so?
  • Auguste ComteB. 1798 D. 1857Founder of Sociology1st to use term “Sociology”Concerned with effects of French RevolutionBeliever in scientific method2 basic problems: order and changeSocial StaticsSocial DynamicsPracticed cerebral hygieneKarl MarxB. 1818D. 1883Felt society was influenced by the economy2 groups in society: Bourgeoisie ProletariatFocused on class conflictSociologist-king Sociologists should work to improve societyHerbert SpencerB. 1820D. 1903Influenced by Charles DarwinSaw society as an organismIndividuals were the cellsDeveloped Social DarwinsimApplies Darwin to societyBeliever in cerebral hygieneEmile DurkheimB. 1858D. 1917Scientific methodFocus was on problem of social orderSaw society as set of interdependent parts that maintain orderEach part has a functionOnly study observable aspectsMax WeberB. 1864D. 1917Interest was groups within societyTried to uncover why people do what they do in a groupDeveloped concepts of verstehen and ideal typeTheoretical Perspectives
  • A set of specific ideas about social life
  • Three perspectives in sociology:
  • Functionalist
  • Conflict
  • Interactionist
  • Functionalist Perspective
  • Based on the work of Comte, Durkheim and Spencer
  • Society is based on parts that work together to maintain order
  • MOST people agree on what is best for society
  • Manifest Function
  • Latent Function
  • Functionalists are interested in topics such as the functioning of the family and education within society
  • Conflict Perspective
  • Based on the work of Karl Marx
  • Competition and change
  • Social conflict is based on competition for scarce resources
  • Social conflict leads to social change
  • Interests include how those in power maintain it
  • Interactionist Perspective
  • Based on the work of Max Weber
  • Main focus is on how people interact within society
  • Symbolic interaction
  • How people use symbols when interacting
  • Topics of interest include child development and mate selection
  • Sociological Imagination
  • Developed by C. Wright Mills
  • Ability to see the world though another’s eyes
  • Research Methods
  • 4 Broad Categories:
  • Surveys
  • Experiments
  • Observational Studies
  • Analysis of existing sources
  • Questionnaire
  • Can be either mailed or in person
  • List of questions/statements people respond to
  • Can be sent through mail
  • Advantages
  • Reach large #'s of people
  • Disadvantages
  • Rely only on survey answers
  • What if the question was not read correctly?
  • Interview
  • People respond orally to questions
  • Can be done in person or over phone
  • Advantages
  • Can tell if question is understood
  • Can ask for clarification
  • Disadvantages Time consuming and expensiveObservational Studies
  • Watch people in social situations
  • Participant Observation
  • Studies in which observer lives for extended periods with people being studied
  • Detached Observation
  • Studies in which observer ‘keeps his distance’
  • Related Search
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