The Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty

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The Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty Preamble The States Parties to this Treaty (hereinafter referred to as the States Parties ), Welcoming the international agreements and other positive measures of recent years in the field of nuclear disarmament, including reductions in arsenals of nuclear weapons, as well as in the field of the prevention of nuclear proliferation in all its aspects, Underlining the importance of the full and prompt implementation of such agreements and measures, onvinced that
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  The Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty PreambleThe States Parties to this Treaty (hereinafter referred to as the States Parties ),Welcoming the international agreements and other positive measures of recent years in the field of nuclear disarmament, including reductions in arsenals of nuclear weapons, as well as in the field of the prevention of nuclear proliferation in all its aspects,Underlining the importance of the full and prompt implementation of such agreements and measures,onvinced that the present international situation provides an opportunity to ta!e further effective measures towards nuclear disarmament and against the proliferation of nuclear weapons in all its aspects, and declaring their intention to ta!e such measures, Stressing therefore the need for continued systematic and progressive efforts to reduce nuclear weapons globally, with the ultimate goal of eliminating those weapons, and of general and complete disarmament under strict and effective international control,ecogni#ing that the cessation of all nuclear weapon test e$plosions and all other nuclear    Printer %riendlySee &lso Protocol to T'T &nne$ to T'T omprehensive Test 'an Treaty, ocumentsore on the Web &lsos igital *ibrary for +uclear ssuese$plosions, by constraining the development and -ualitative improvement of nuclear weapons and ending the development of advanced new types of nuclear weapons,  constitutes an effective measure of nuclear disarmament and non.proliferation in all its aspects,%urther recogni#ing that an end to all such nuclear e$plosions will thus constitute a meaningful step in the reali#ation of a systematic process to achieve nuclear disarmament,onvinced that the most effective way to achieve an end to nuclear testing is through the conclusion of a universal and internationally and effectively verifiable comprehensive nuclear test.ban treaty, which has long been one of the highest priority ob/ectives of the international community in the field of disarmament and non.proliferation, +oting the aspirations e$pressed by the Parties to the 0123 Treaty 'anning +uclear Weapon Tests in the &tmosphere, in 4uter Space and Under Water to see! to achieve the discontinuance of all test e$plosions of nuclear weapons for all time, +oting also the views e$pressed that this Treaty could contribute to the protection of the environment,&ffirming the purpose of attracting the adherence of all States to this Treaty and its ob/ective to contribute effectively to the prevention of the proliferation of nuclear weapons in all its aspects, to the process of nuclear disarmament and therefore to the enhancement of international peace and security,5ave agreed as follows6&rticle  'asic 4bligations 07 8ach State Party underta!es not to carry out any nuclear weapon test e$plosion or any other nuclear e$plosion, and to prohibit and prevent any such nuclear e$plosion at any  place under its /urisdiction or control797 8ach State Party underta!es, furthermore, to refrain from causing, encouraging, or in any way participating in the carrying out of any nuclear weapon test e$plosion or any other nuclear e$plosion7&rticle  The 4rgani#ation &7 :eneral Provisions 07 The States Parties hereby establish the omprehensive +uclear Test.'an Treaty 4rgani#ation (hereinafter referred to as the 4rgani#ation ) to achieve the ob/ect and   purpose of this Treaty, to ensure the implementation of its provisions, including those for international verification of compliance with it, and to provide a forum for consultation and cooperation among States Parties797 &ll States Parties shall be members of the 4rgani#ation7 & State Party shall not be deprived of its membership in the 4rgani#ation737 The seat of the 4rgani#ation shall be ;ienna, epublic of &ustria7<7 There are hereby established as organs of the 4rgani#ation6 the onference of the States Parties, the 8$ecutive ouncil and the Technical Secretariat, which shall include the nternational ata entre7=7 8ach State Party shall cooperate with the 4rgani#ation in the e$ercise of its functions in accordance with this Treaty7 States Parties shall consult, directly among themselves, or through the 4rgani#ation or other appropriate international procedures, including  procedures within the framewor! of the United +ations and in accordance with its harter, on any matter which may be raised relating to the ob/ect and purpose, or the implementation of the provisions, of this Treaty727 The 4rgani#ation shall conduct its verification activities provided for under this Treaty in the least intrusive manner possible consistent with the timely and efficient accomplishment of their ob/ectives7 t shall re-uest only the information and data necessary to fulfil its responsibilities under this Treaty7 t shall ta!e every precaution to  protect the confidentiality of information on civil and military activities and facilities coming to its !nowledge in the implementation of this Treaty and, in particular, shall abide by the confidentiality provisions set forth in this Treaty7>7 8ach State Party shall treat as confidential and afford special handling to information and data that it receives in confidence from the 4rgani#ation in connection with the implementation of this Treaty7 t shall treat such information and data e$clusively in connection with its rights and obligations under this Treaty7?7 The 4rgani#ation, as an independent body, shall see! to utili#e e$isting e$pertise and facilities, as appropriate, and to ma$imi#e cost efficiencies, through cooperative arrangements with other international organi#ations such as the international &tomic 8nergy &gency7 Such arrangements, e$cluding those of a minor and normal commercial and contractual nature, shall be set out in agreements to be submitted to the onference of the States Parties for approval717 The costs of the activities of the 4rgani#ation shall be met annually by the States Parties in accordance with the United +ations scale of assessments ad/usted to ta!e into account differences in membership between the United +ations and the 4rgani#ation70@7 %inancial contributions of States Parties to the Preparatory ommission shall be deducted in an appropriate way from their contributions to the regular budget7  007 & member of the 4rgani#ation which is in arrears in the payment of its assessed contribution to the 4rgani#ation shall have no vote in the 4rgani#ation if the amount of its arrears e-uals or e$ceeds the amount of the contribution due from it for the preceding two full years7 The onference of the States Parties may, nevertheless, permit such a member to vote if it is satisfied that the failure to pay is due to conditions beyond the control of the member7'7 The onference of the States Parties omposition, Procedures and ecision.ma!ing 097 The onference of the States Parties (hereinafter referred to as the onference ) shall be composed of all States Parties7 8ach State Party shall have one representative in the onference, who may be accompanied by alternates and advisers7037 The initial session of the onference shall be convened by the epositary no later than 3@ days after the entry into force of this Treaty70<7 The onference shall meet in regular sessions, which shall be held annually, unless it decides otherwise70=7 & special session of the onference shall be convened6 (a) When decided by the onferenceA (b) When re-uested by the 8$ecutive ouncilA or (c) When re-uested by any State Party and supported by a ma/ority of the States Parties7 The special session shall be convened no later than 3@ days after the decision of the onference, the re-uest of the 8$ecutive ouncil, or the attainment of the necessary support, unless specified otherwise in the decision or re-uest7027 The onference may also be convened in the form of an &mendment onference, in accordance with &rticle ;70>7 The onference may also be convened in the form of a eview onference, in accordance with &rticle ;70?7 Sessions shall ta!e place at the seat of the 4rgani#ation unless the onference decides otherwise7017 The onference shall adopt its rules of procedure7 &t the beginning of each session, it shall elect its President and such other officers as may be re-uired7 They shall hold office until a new President and other officers are elected at the ne$t session79@7 & ma/ority of the States Parties shall constitute a -uorum7
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