The Enjoyment of Music 10th Shorter Edition

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The Enjoyment of Music 10 th Shorter Edition. Unit VIII Instrumental Music of the Baroque. Vivaldi. J.S. Bach. Handel. 25. The Baroque Sonata and Concerto. The Rise of Instrumental Music Early- vs. late-Baroque instrumentation. Baroque Instruments . Instrument designs were improved
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The Enjoyment of Music 10th Shorter Edition The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition Unit VIIIInstrumental Music of the Baroque Vivaldi J.S. Bach Handel The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition 25. The Baroque Sonata and Concerto
  • The Rise of Instrumental Music
  • Early- vs. late-Baroque instrumentation
  • The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition Baroque Instruments
  • Instrument designs were improved
  • Finest violins in history came from shops of Stradivarius Guarneri Amati
  • The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition The Baroque Orchestra
  • Violin strings made of gut
  • Woodwinds made of wood
  • Horns and trumpets: valveless, called “natural”
  • Timpani
  • The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition Baroque Keyboard Instruments
  • Organ
  • Harpsichord
  • Clavichord
  • harpsichord The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition Sonata Types Sonata da camera Sonata da chiesa
  • Written for 1–8 instruments
  • Favored combination: two violins and continuo
  • Trio sonata
  • The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition Baroque Concerto
  • Contrast and unity
  • Latin concertare (“to contend with”)
  • Opposition of different forces
  • The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition Two Types of Concerto Concerto GrossoConcertino Ripieno, or tutti Solo Concerto Vivaldi: Concerto for Piccolo in C, I Handel: Concerto Grosso in G, II The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition Antonio Vivaldi (1678–1741)
  • Italian violinist and composer
  • “The red priest”
  • Conservatorio del’Ospedale della Pietà (Venice)
  • Prolific composer
  • “Above all, he was possessed by music.” —Marc Pincherle The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition Vivaldi: The Four Seasons(Le quattro stagioni) (Listening Guide)
  • Group of four violin concertos
  • Each concerto accompanied by a poem
  • Music depicts specific lines of the poem
  • No. 1: “Spring” (La primavera)
  • No. 2: “Summer” (L’estate)
  • No. 3: “Autumn” (L’autunno)
  • No. 4: “Winter” (L’inverno)
  • The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition Vivaldi: The Four Seasons(Le quattro stagioni) (Listening Guide) “Spring” (La primavera) Solo violin, string orchestra, continuo Three movements: I: Evokes animals and nature Ritornello form II: Largo in triple meter Imagery form a sleeping goatherd’s poem Ostinato “dog bark” in violas III: Rustic dance, drone of bagpipes Listening Guide PDF The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition www.wwnorton.com/enjoy The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition The Enjoyment of Music 10th Shorter Edition The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition 26. The Baroque Suite Suite: Each movement is A-A-B-B
  • Allemande
  • Courante
  • Sarabande
  • Gigue (jig)
  • Other optional dances: minuet, gavotte, bourrée, passepied
  • Repeated sections ornamented second time
  • Corelli. Violin Sonata, Gigue The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition Handel and the Orchestral SuiteTwo notable suites by Handel
  • Water Music
  • Music for the Royal Fireworks
  • The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition Water Music, Suite in D major, II (Listening Guide)
  • Royal party on the Thames River in London, July 17, 1717
  • 22 numbers
  • Performed without continuo
  • Divided into three suites
  • The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition Water Music, Suite in D major, II (Listening Guide) D-major Suite
  • Opens with fanfare-like theme in trumpets
  • Answered by horns and strings
  • Followed by lively hornpipe (dance)
  • Listening Guide PDF The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition Music at the French Royal Court
  • Grand entertainments of Louis XIV and Louis XV
  • Court composer: Jean-Baptiste Lully
  • Composer at the Palace of Versailles (outside Paris)
  • Director of the 24 Violons du Roy
  • The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition Jean-Joseph Mouret (1682-1738)
  • Theatrical composer at the court in Paris
  • Stage works
  • Divertissements
  • Instrumental suites
  • Suite de symphonies
  • The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition Mouret: Rondeau, from Suite de symphonies (Listening Guide)
  • Written for a full Baroque orchestra
  • Familiar fanfare
  • used as theme music for television show
  • 5-part rondo structure (A-B-A-C-A)
  • A section serves as a refrain
  • Regular phrasing, with a strong, even beat
  • Listening Guide PDF The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition www.wwnorton.com/enjoy The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition The Enjoyment of Music 10th Shorter Edition The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition 27. Other Instrumental Forms Purcell: Come, ye sons of art away
  • Passacaglia
  • Chaconne
  • French overture
  • Italian overture
  • The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition Keyboard forms Two basic types (1) Based on harmony with strong element of improvisation Prelude Chorale prelude (2) Stricter forms based on counterpoint Fugue Bach: The Well-Tempered Clavier Bach: Jesu, Joy of Man’s Desiring Bach: Fugue in D The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition The Fugue and Its Devices Fuga Contrapuntal, based on imitation Subject unifies the work Choral or instrumental Melodic lines are referred to as voices The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition Episodes are interludes between subject statements
  • Modulation to foreign keys
  • Use of contrapuntal devices
  • Use of stretto is common
  • Piece ends in tonic key
  • The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition Contrapuntal Devices MELODY MELODY MELODY MELODY MELODY MELODY The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition Answer Countersubject I Subject Countersubject 1 Form: Opening of Exposition Fugue Exposition (4 voice) Subject Countersubject I Countersubject 2 Contrapuntal line Countersubject 2 Answer The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition Exposition Episode Subject Entry Episode Subject Entry Episode Subject Entry Form: Exposition and Episode The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition Bach's Contrapunctus I, from The Art of Fugue (Listening Guide) Listening Guide PDF
  • 4-voice fugue
  • Exposition:
  • Subject is presented in order: alto-soprano-bass-tenor
  • Episode:
  • Subject appears partially, in stretto
  • Incorporates musical symbolism
  • His name in notes Bb-A-C-H
  • The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition Transition II: To the Age of Enlightenment
  • Rococo, in France
  • Empfindsamkeit, in Germany
  • The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition The Rococo and the Age of Sensibility
  • Rococo
  • French rocaille, a “shell”
  • Reaction against Baroque style
  • François Couperin (1668–1733)
  • Precursor to Age of Enlightenment Systematization of knowledge Jean-Philippe Rameau (1683–1784), Treatise on Harmony (1722) 
  • The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition Age of Sensibility
  • In Germany: Empfindsamkeit
  • Sons of Bach: Wilhelm Friedmann Carl Philipp Emanuel Johann Christoph Johann Christian
  • The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition Expanded forms
  • Pre-Classical period (c. 1725–75)
  • Classical multimovement cycle
  • The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition The Changing Opera
  • Satirization of Opera London: John Gay’s The Beggar’s Opera (1728) Paris: Giovanni Battista Pergolesi’s La serva padrona (1752)
  • War of the Buffoons
  • John Gay The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition Gluck and Opera Reform
  • Christoph Willibald Gluck (1714–1787)
  • German-born, Italian-trained
  • Changed conventions
  • Words are master to the music
  • “Simplicity, truth, naturalness”
  • The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition www.wwnorton.com/enjoy The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition
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