WAYS-OF-COPING-was-designed-by-Lazarus-and-Folkman.pdf

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WAYS OF COPING was designed by Lazarus and Folkman (University of California, San Francisco) as a measure of coping processes used in a particular stressful encounter (and not of coping style or traits). Instructions: Identify a stressful encounter that occurred recently, where it took place and what happened Next, read each item below and indicate, by using the following rating scale, to what extent you used it in the situation you have just described. Not Used Used Somewhat Us
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  WAYS OF COPING  was designed by Lazarus and Folkman (University of California, San Francisco) as a measure of coping processes used in a particular stressful encounter ( and not of coping style or traits). Instructions : Identify a stressful encounter that occurred recently, where it took place and what happened Next, read each item below and indicate, by using the following rating scale, to what extent you used it in the situation you have just described.  Not Used Used Somewhat Used Quite A Bit Used a Great Deal 0 1 2 3  _____ 1. Just concentrated on what I had to do next – the next step.  _____ 2. I tried to analyze the problem in order to understand it better.  _____ 3. Turned to work or substitute activity to take my mind off things.  _____ 4. I felt that time would make a difference – the only thing to do was to wait.  _____ 5. Bargained or compromised to get something positive from the situation.  _____ 6. I did something which I didn’t think would work, but at least I was doing something.  _____ 7. Tried to get the person responsible to change his or her mind.  _____ 8. Talked to someone to find out more about the situation.  _____ 9. Criticized or lectured myself.  _____ 10. Tried not to burn my bridges, but leave things open somewhat.  _____ 11. Hoped a miracle would happen.  _____ 12. Went along with fate; sometimes I just have bad luck.  _____ 13. Went on as if nothing had happened.  _____ 14. I tried to keep my feelings to myself.  _____ 15. Looked for the silver lining, so to speak; tried to look on the bright side of things.  _____ 16. Slept more than usual.  _____ 17. I expressed anger to the person(s) who caused the problem.  _____ 18. Accepted sympathy and understanding from someone.  _____ 19. I told myself things that helped me to feel better.  _____ 20. I was inspired to do something creative.  _____ 21. Tried to forget the whole thing.  _____ 22. I got professional help.  _____ 23. Changed or grew as a person in a good way.  _____ 24. I waited to see what would happen before doing anything.  _____ 25. I apologized or did something to make up.  _____ 26. I made a plan of action and followed it.  _____ 27. I accepted the next best thing to what I wanted.  _____ 28. I let my feelings out somehow.  _____ 29. Realized I brought the problem on myself.  _____ 30. I came out of the experience better than when I went in.  _____ 31. Talked to someone who could do something concrete about the problem.  _____ 32. Got away from it for a while; tried to rest or take a vacation.  _____ 33. Tried to make myself feel better by eating, drinking, smoking, using drugs or medication, etc.  _____ 34. Took a big chance or did something very risky.   _____ 35. I tried not to act too hastily or follow my first hunch.  _____ 36. Found new faith.  _____ 37. Maintained my pride and kept a stiff upper lip.  _____ 38. Rediscovered what is important in life.  _____ 39. Changed something so things would turn out all right.  _____ 40. Avoided being with people in general.  _____ 41. Didn’t let it get to me; refused to think too much about it.  _____ 42. I asked a relative or friend I respected for advice.  _____ 43. Kept others from knowing how bad things were.  _____ 44. Made light of the situation; refused to get too serious about it.  _____ 45. Talked to someone about how I was feeling.  _____ 46. Stood my ground and fought for what I wanted.  _____ 47. Took it out on other people.  _____ 48. Drew on my past experiences; I was in a similar situation before.  _____ 49. I knew what had to be done, so I doubled my efforts to make things work.  _____ 50. Refused to believe that it had happened.  _____ 51. I made a promise to myself that things would be different next time.  _____ 52. Came up with a couple of different solutions to the problem.  _____ 53. Accepted it, since nothing could be done.  _____ 54. I tried to keep my feelings from interfering with other things too much.  _____ 55. Wished that I could change what had happened or how I felt.  _____ 56. I changed something about myself.  _____ 57. I daydreamed or imagined a better time or place than the one I was in.  _____ 58. Wished that the situation would go away or somehow be over with.  _____ 59. Had fantasies or wishes about how things might turn out.  _____ 60. I prayed.  _____ 61. I prepared myself for the worst.  _____ 62. I went over in my mind what I would say or do.  _____ 63. I thought about how a person I admire would handle this situation and used that as a model.  _____ 64. I tried to see things from the other person’s point of view.  _____ 65. I reminded myself how much worse things could be.  _____ 66. I jogged or exercised. Scoring: To determine the predominant methods you used for coping, calculate your total score for each of the subscales below. Do this by summing the item scores noted for each scale. Scale 1: Confrontive coping 46. Stood my ground and fought for what I wanted ______ 7. Tried to get the person responsible to change his or her mind _____ 17. I expressed anger to the person(s) who caused the problem _____ 28. I let my feelings out somehow _____ 34. Took a big chance or did something very risky_____ 6. I did something which I didn ’ t think would work, but at leastI was doing something _____ Total for Scale 1 _______    Scale 2: Distancing  44. Made light of the situation; refused to get too serious about it _____ 13. Went on as if nothing had happened _____ 41. Didn ’ t let it get to me; refused to think too much about it _____ 21. Tried to forget the whole thing _____ 15. Looked for the silver lining, so to speak; tried to look on the  bright side of things _____ 12. Went along with fate; sometimes I just have bad luck _____ Total for Scale 2 _____ Scale 3: Self-controlling  14. I tried to keep my feelings to myself _____ 43. Kept others from knowing how bad things were _____ 10. Tried not to burn my bridges, but leave things open somewhat _____ 35. I tried not to act too hastily or follow my first hunch _____ 54. I tried to keep my feelings from interfering with other things too much _____ 63. I thought about how a person I admire would handle this situation and used that as a model _____ Total for Scale 3 _____ Scale 4: Seeking social support  8. Talked to someone to find out more about the situation _____ 31. Talked to someone who could do something concrete about the problem _____ 42. I asked a relative or friend I respected for advice ______ 45. Talked to someone about how I was feeling _____ 18. Accepted sympathy and understanding from someone _____ 22. I got professional help _____ Total for Scale 4 _____ Scale 5: Accepting responsibility  9. Criticized or lectured myself _____ 29. Realized I brought the problem on myself _____ 51. I made a promise to myself that things would be different next time _____ 25. I apologized or did something to make up _____ Total for Scale 5 _____ Scale 6: Escape-Avoidance  58. Wished that the situation would go away or somehow be over with _____ 11. Hoped a miracle would happen _____ 59. Had fantasies or wishes about how things might turn out _____ 33. Tried to make myself feel better by eating, drinking, smoking, using drugs or medication _____ 40. Avoided being with people in general _____ 50. Refused to believe that it had happened _____ 47. Took it out on other people _____  16. Slept more than usual _____ Total for Scale 6 _____ Scale 7 : Planful problem-solving _____ 49. I knew what had to be done, so I doubled my efforts to make things work _____ 26. I made a plan of action and followed it _____ 1. Just concentrated on what I had to do next  – the next step _____ 39. Changed something so things would turn out all right _____ 48. Drew on my past experiences; I was in a similar situation before _____ 52. Came up wit a couple of different solutions to the problem _____ Total for Scale 7 _____ Scale 8: Positive reappraisal 23. Changed or grew as a person in a good way _____ 30. I came out of the experience better than when I went in _____ 36. Found new faith _____ 38. Rediscovered what is important in life _____ 60. I prayed _____ 56. I changed something about myself _____ 20. I was inspired to do something creative _____ Total for Scale 8 _____   
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