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To : Mr. Mehmood Raza (lecturer of introduction to business management) Syed Ali Hamza Saad Ahmed Qureshi Zia Murtaza From : Syed Mudassir Haider Khurshan Cyrus Irani Imran Class : MBA (second semester) – Evening Program (2011) Subject : Importance of Environment Date : 29th November, 2011 Page 1 WHAT IS ENVIRONMENT? (1) The external conditions, resources, stimuli etc. with which an organism interacts. (2) The external surroundings including all of the biotic and abiotic factor
    Page 1 To : Mr. Mehmood Raza (lecturer of introduction to business management) From : Syed Ali Hamza Saad Ahmed Qureshi Zia Murtaza Syed Mudassir Haider Khurshan Cyrus Irani Imran  Class : MBA (second semester)  –  Evening Program (2011)  Subject : Importance of Environment Date : 29 th November, 2011    Page 2 WHAT IS ENVIRONMENT?  (1) Theexternalconditions, resources,stimulietc. with which anorganisminteracts. (2) Theexternalsurroundings including all of thebioticandabioticfactorsthat surround and affect thesurvivaland development of anorganismorpopulation.  (3) The totality of the surrounding conditions and elements in an individual. ‘Environment’, this word has a great importance in our life. The simple definition of  environment is the ‘surrounding'. It is what surrounds a thing. We can also define it as environment is the combination of all of physical and organic factors that act on a livingbeing, residents, or ecological society and power its endurance and growth .It could be a physical component, which is known as physical environment or a-bioticenvironment that includes the built environment. The natural surroundings like airconditions, water, land, atmosphere etc are also the part of physical environment but theyare commonly known as natural environment. People surrounding the item or thing, this typeof environment is known as human environment. This is also known as the socialenvironment and includes elements like the religious environment, emotional environment,residence, relations etc. Types of Environment  There are mainly three types of environment- 1. The Physical Environment     It is also known as a-biotic environment and natural environment.    The meaning of ‘a - biotic’ or ‘physical’ is non living like land water air conditionsatmosphere which constitutes of soil. So we can say that physical or a-bioticenvironment is the environment which includes non living or physical things which areconstitutes of soil and affect the living things.    The physical or a-biotic environment also includes the climatic factors such assunbeams, rainwater, precipitation, moisture, pressure and wind speed. The Importance of Physical Environment      Just think, the most important thing to make house is residential space, and forresidential space, we need land area. The land area is included in physicalenvironment. So it is responsible for the residential for living beings.    Page 3    The a-biotic environment like soil, water and air are the necessary nutrients elementprovider for the living beings.    All of living beings are surrounded by atmosphere; it is the combination of differenttypes of gases. The living beings take oxygen and other gases from the atmosphere.    The a-biotic environment also controls the climatic factors like weather.    The physical environment also includes the soil which is responsible for the works andfood crops for the living beings. It also provides different types of minerals which arevery necessary for growth of life    Water is one of the most necessary things for living beings. Physical environment alsodeals with the water factor of the earth. 2. Biotic Environment       It is also known as biological environment and organic environment.    In the opposite side of the physical environment, the biotic or biological environmentis responsible for the living beings.    You have already understood that the meaning of ‘biological’ is living things. So, the biological environment is the environment which involves the living part of the earth. The importance of biotic environment      In this type of environment includes the plants, trees, animals, mammals, underwaterliving beings including human beings and microorganisms like bacteria and fungi.    There is a concept which is necessary to understand. The living beings are highlydependent to each other. For example humans are highly depend upon plants andtrees for food and oxygen, and plants and trees are also depend upon humans andanimals because of co2 3. Social or Cultural Environment     This type of environment involves the culture and life style of the human beings.    The social or cultural environment means the environment which is created by theman through his different social and cultural activities and thinking.    The historical, cultural, political, moral, economic aspects of human life constitute tothe social or cultural environment    Page 4 The Importance of Social or Cultural Environment      Culture involves the religion of the human, relations with each other etc. In a societythere involve different types of people, they have different religion, different thinking,which has culture of its own and posses people having their own life style.    The social or culture environment affects the social culture of human beings andhence it has the great importance.    The development of a child is highly depends upon culture and society. NATURAL ENVIRONMENT  Land managementpolicies have been developed to preserve thenaturalcharacteristics of  Hopetoun Falls,Australiawhile allowing ample access for visitors.Bachalpseein theSwiss Alps;generallymountainousareas are less affected byhuman activity.
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