2010 Nsa Fast Pitch Rule Book

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1. 2010 NSA RULE BOOK STAFF Co – Editor – Eddie Ray Cantrell/ National Director of Umpires Co – Editor – Don Snopek/ National Slowpitch Umpire-In-Chief Co –…
  • 1. 2010 NSA RULE BOOK STAFF Co – Editor – Eddie Ray Cantrell/ National Director of Umpires Co – Editor – Don Snopek/ National Slowpitch Umpire-In-Chief Co – Editor – Sonja Ritchie/ Southern Zone VP TABLE OF CONTENTS Fastpitch/Modified Softball Pages 83 – 139 Adult Men’s Fast Pitch Pages 140 – 141 Eight Under & Coach Pitch Rules Page 142 – 148 NSA By-Laws Pages 149 – 173 Field Diagram ** Page 174 Rulebook Advertisements Page 175 – 188 ** Reference for Rule 2 – The Playing Field Copyright 2010 All rights reserved. Any reproduction or copy of this Rule Book, without the express written consent of the National Softball Association is prohibited. Changes & Additions are shown in bold & highlighted print. 82
  • 2. National Softball Association FASTPITCH & MODIFIED INDEX TO RULES Page Rule Sec. Sub. ALTERED BAT 89 1 1 effect Bat Specifications 100-101 3 1 a-l, note Batter Box 118 7 1 d, effect APPEAL PLAY 89 1 2 Baserunner 129 8 8 g-j, effect Batting Out of Order 119 7 2 a-c Dead Ball Appeal 133 9 1 m Appeal Before Time Called 134 9 2 u APPROVED BAT 89-90 1 3 AUTOMATIC OUT 106-107 4 4 a-c, note BALL Blocked Ball 91 1 12 note, effect Called by Umpire 120-121 7 8 a-g Dead Ball 132-133 9 1 a-v Fair Ball 121 7 9 a-h Foul Ball 121 7 10 a-d, effect Official Ball 101-102 3 2 a, exception Rotation 90 1 4 BASE HIT Hits Runner or Umpire 125 8 2/3 g (1-2),e Batter Becomes a Runner 124-125 8 2 a-g BASERUNNER 90 1 6 Assisted 129 8 8 f Awarded of Bases on Overthrow 126-127 8 5 e-h Base on Balls 124 8 1 j Basepath 90 1 5 Baserunner is Out 128-131 8 8 a-y,penalty Batting Helmet 90 1 10 Contact with Fielder 130 8 8 t, penalty 131 8 9 c Contact with Base 132 8 9 k, effect A Player Forfeits His Exemption From Liability to be Put Out 125 8 4 a-c Hit by Batted Ball 129 8 8 k, 1 132 8 9 d, k, n Illegal Glove Used 122-123 7 12 a Interferes with Play 130 8 8 m, s, effect Liability to be Put Out 125 8 3 a-e Must Return to Base 127-128 8 6 a-e, effect Obstructed 125-126 8 5 b(1-3) Out of Base path 128-129 8 8 a Passes Another Runner 129 8 8 e 83
  • 3. Page Rule Sec. Sub Two Occupy Same Base 123-124 8 1 e-effect BAT 10-101 3 1 a-l, note Hitting Ball a Second Time 120 7 6 eff.,ex.,note BATTER Becomes a Baserunner 124-125 8 2 a-g Hit by Fair Ball 120 7 7 f Hit by Pitch 90 1 7 exception 120 7 7 g, effect Illegal Glove Used 122-123 7 12 a Not Taking Position 118-119 7 1 e, effect Obstructed by Catcher 126 8 5 c On-Deck Batter 123 7 13 a-f Position within Lines 118-119 7 1 a-e When Out is Made While at Bat 121-122 7 11 a-j 3rd Out is Made While at Bat 119-120 7 4 BATTER'S BOX 90 1 8 98 2 4 c 118-119 7 1 a-e,effect BATTER-BASERUNNER 90 1 9 124-125 8 2 a-g 125 8 4 a-c Batting Helmet 90 1 10 103-104 3 7 ex.,pen. Overrunning 1st Base 129 8 8 i Runs Outside 3 Foot Line 128 8 7 e BATTING ORDER 90-91 1 11 Out of Order 119 7 2 a-c Extra Player (EP) 106 4 2 b, 1-4 Removal of EP 106-107 4 4 b "B" DIVISION GUIDELINES 105 4 note a-e BLOCKED BALL 91 1 12 note,eff.,note 126-127 8 5 e-h BLOOD RULE 110-111 4 11 note BUNT 91 1 13 122 7 11 h BUNT ATTEMPT 91 1 14 121-122 7 11 e,eff.,note CAPS 103 3 6 a CASTS 103 3 6 g CATCH 91 1 15 CATCHER'S BOX 91 1 16 98 2 4 d 84
  • 4. Page Rule Sec. Sub 115 6 5 d CHARGED CONFERENCE 91-92 1 17 a-b Defensive 117 6 15 ex.,note,note Offensive 113 5 8 penalty COACH 92 1 18 Assists Runner 129 8 8 f Box 98 2 4 e Draws a Throw 130 8 8 o Interferes 130 8 8 r CONDITION OF FIELD 111 5 2 COURTESY RUNNER 108 4 6 CROW HOP 92 1 19 115 6 4 note 2 DEAD BALL 92 1 20 132-133 9 1 a-v Ball Carried into Dead Ball Territory 127 8 5 g, note Delayed 92 1 21 Delivery 92 1 22 DESIGNATED HITTER (DH) 106 4 2 a, 1-4 DISLODGED BASE 123 8 1 c 125 8 4 c DOUBLE FIRST BASE 131 8 8 z EJECTION FROM GAME 89 1 1 effect Altered Bat 118 7 1 d, effect 121 7 11 b Deliberate Crash 130 8 8 t, penalty Violation of Rules 136 10 7 a-d ELIGIBILITY (Youth) 109-110 4 8 a-f, note EQUIPMENT 100-104 3 1-8 Softball 101-102 3 2 a, exception Gloves & Mitts 102 3 3 Batting Helmet 103-104 3 7 exc,pen..,note Catcher Protective Equip. 104 3 8 EXTRA PLAYER (EP) 106 4 2 b,1-4 106 4 3 note FAIR BALL 92 1 23 a-e, note 121 7 9 a-h FAKE TAG 125-126 8 5 b, (3)&note FLAGARANT OBSTRUCTION 93 1 24 penalty 85
  • 5. Page Rule Sec. Sub FORCE OUT 93 1 25 125 8 4 a 128 8 7 b FORFEITED GAME 112 5 3 d, e, 1-8 FOUL BALL 93 1 26 a-e & note 120 7 7 c&d 121 7 10 a-d &effect FOUL TIP 93 1 26 note 120 7 7 c GROUND RULES 134 10 1 a ILLEGAL BAT 93 1 28 100-101 3 1 a-l, note 118 7 1 c 133 9 1 r ILLEGAL PITCH 93 1 29 114-116 6 1-8 Modified 114 6 1-3 ILLEGALLY BATTED BALL 94 1 31 a -c 118 7 1 c-d, effect ILLEGALLY CAUGHT BALL 94 1 32 Detached Equipment 126 8 5 d, effect Illegal Glove 122 7 12 a IN JEOPARDY 94 1 34 IN PLAY 133-134 9 2 a-v INFIELD FLY 94 1 35 note 121 7 11 d INJURED RUNNER 133 9 1 j INNING 94 1 36 INSURANCE 110 4 9 note 110 4 10 INTENTIONALLY DROPPED BALL 121-122 7 11 e, eff., note 133 9 1 s INTERFERENCE 94-95 1 37 129-130 8 8 j-s, effect By Batter at Home Plate 130 8 8 n By Catcher (Obstruction) 124-125 8 2 f, 1-3 JEWELRY 103 3 6 b, f LEAP 95 1 38 86
  • 6. Page Rule Sec. Sub LEAP 115 6 4 note, 2 LEGAL PITCH 114 6 1 a-e Modified 117 6 1 a-e LEGAL TOUCH 95 1 39 LEGALLY CAUGHT BALL 95 1 40 LIVE BALL 133-134 9 2 a-v LOOK BACK RULE 130-131 8 8 x NON-APPROVED BAT 95 1 41 OBSTRUCTION 95 1 42 note 125-126 8 5 b, eff., 1-3 OVERSLIDE 95 1 43 OVERTHROW 95 1 44 Award of Bases 126-127 8 5 e, eff.,note 1-4 PASSED BALL 95 1 45 PITCH Fastpitch Illegal Pitch 114-116 6 1-8 penalty No pitch 116 6 9 a-c,penalty Returned by Catcher 115 6 5 e Warm up Pitches 116 6 11 penalty, note PITCHING CIRCLE 98 2 4 f 130-131 8 8 x PITCHING DISTANCES 97 2 2 PITCHING REGULATIONS Modified 114 6 1-3 PIVOT FOOT 96 1 46 PLAYING FIELD DIMENSIONS 97 2 2 PROTESTS 138-139 11 1-7 QUICK PITCH 96 1 47 RE-ENTRY 106 4 3 a-b ROSTER SIGNING DATE 113 5 9 RUNS NOT SCORED 113 5 5-7 124 8 1 f SACRIFICE 96 1 48 87
  • 7. Page Rule Sec. Sub SHOES 102 3 4 penalty SQUEEZE 96 1 49 125 8 3 a STOLEN BASE 96 1 50 STRIKE 120 7 7 a-g effect STRIKE ZONE 96 1 51 SUBSTITUTE Extra Player (EP) 106 4 2 b, 4 No Substitute Available 112 5 3 e (7) Notify Umpire 107 4 5 note Officially in the Game 107-108 4 5 SUSPENSION OF PLAY 112-113 5 3 f,g,h 136 10 6 a-d THIRD STRIKE RULE 121-122 7 11 a, h & i, notes THREE FOOT LINE 96 1 52 TIE BREAKER 96 1 53 TIME 96 1 54 By Umpire 133 9 1 l, m Player, Coach, Manager 116-117 6 14 penalty TURN AT BAT 97 1 55 UMPIRES 134-138 10 1-9 UNIFORMS 102-103 3 6 a-d VIOLATIONS 136 10 7 a-d WILD PITCH 97 1 56 WINDUP 115 6 6 a-e WRISTBAND OF PITCHER 115-116 6 8 penalty 88
  • 8. The National Softball Association’s FASTPITCH & MODIFIED OFFICIAL PLAYING RULES It is the responsibility of coaches, managers, players and sponsors to know the NSA Rules and By-Laws. Ignorance of these Rules and By- Laws is not grounds for protest or appeal. Softball is a contact sport, played with Composite, Aluminum, Wood and other approved materials in design of approved bats. The game of softball can be a dangerous sport to participate in. In playing the game of softball, the player and the parents of the youth players participating in the game of softball assume for themselves and for the youth children participating in the game of softball the risk of serious injury or possible death. By agreeing to be placed on an NSA roster, the participants or parents of participants understand these risks. NOTE: The following rules govern play in both the Fastpitch and Modified Programs of the National Softball Association. The only variation between the two programs is the Modified Pitching Rules, which can be found in Rule 6. New Rule Changes & Additions are shown in bold highlighted print. RULE 1 - DEFINITIONS Sec. 1 ALTERED BAT: A bat is considered altered when the physical structure of a legal bat has been changed, or an illegal or non- approved bat has been changed to resemble a legal bat. Examples of altering a bat are, but not limited to, the following: painting a bat, replacing the handle of a metal bat with a wooden or other type handle, or inserting material inside the bat. A flare or cone grip that does not meet the specifications of Rule 3 is considered an altered bat. EFFECT: The ball is dead, the batter is out and baserunners may not advance. The batter is ejected for using an altered bat (In Youth Play the coach is also ejected). Sec. 2 APPEAL PLAY: A play in which an umpire cannot make a decision until requested by a manager, coach, or player. The appeal must be made before the next legal or illegal pitch or before all infielders (including the pitcher) have left the field (crossed the foul lines). The appealed play does not change the type of out that is being appealed. Sec. 3 APPROVED BAT: A bat model becomes approved after the bat manufacturer submits the bat to NSA after being tested by the official 89
  • 9. test facility and said model meets the requirements of a legal bat as defined in Rule 3. Sec. 1. Sec. 4 BALL ROTATION: A pitcher will have a choice of balls at the start of each half inning, with the exception that if both balls do not get put into play in the first half of the first inning; the pitcher in the bottom of the first inning must pitch the unused ball. Thereafter, every third out, the ball in play must be returned to the eight-foot circle. The pitcher now taking the field has a ball to start the next half inning. Before throwing a warm-up pitch, the pitcher may request to pitch the other ball giving the ball in his/her possession to the plate umpire. A choice has now been made, and the pitcher must pitch this ball until it goes out of play or becomes blocked. Sec. 5 BASE PATH: The base path is an imaginary line three feet on either side of a direct line between the bases. Sec. 6 BASERUNNER: A player on the team at bat who has finished his batting turn, reached first base, and has not yet been put out. Sec. 7 BATTER HIT BY PITCH: A legal or illegally pitched ball that hits the batter's person or clothing, provided the batter does not strike at the pitched ball. The plate umpire will award first base to the batter hit by the pitch. Any runners will advance one base if forced due to the batter being awarded first base. If an illegal pitch hits the batter, all baserunners will advance one base without liability to be put out. EXCEPTION: If the batter makes no effort to avoid being hit by the pitched ball or if the umpire calls the pitched ball a strike, the ball striking the batter is disregarded, and the ball is dead. The pitched ball is a strike or ball depending on the location of the pitched ball. Sec. 8 BATTER'S BOX: The area that the batter is restricted to while in position to bat. The batter must have both feet entirely within the lines of the box prior to the pitch. The lines are considered to be within the box. Sec. 9 BATTER-RUNNER: A player who has finished his turn at bat but has not yet been put out or touched first base. Sec. 10 BATTING HELMET: A batting helmet bearing the NOCSAE stamp is mandatory for each batter, on-deck batter, player, youth coach in the coach’s box and any runner. The batting helmet worn by each batter, on-deck batter, player and youth coach in the coaches boxes and all runners must have extended ear flaps which cover both ears and temples. If a pitcher wears a batting helmet, the outer covering must have a non-glare surface. ALL HELMETS SHALL BE FITTED WITH A NOCSAE APPROVED FACE GUARD. Sec. 11 BATTING ORDER: The batting order is the official lineup of offensive players listing the order in which team members must come to bat. A lineup card must include each player's name, number, and 90
  • 10. defensive position. Extra Players (EP) and Designated Hitters (DH) must also be included. Sec. 12 BLOCKED BALL: A live ball that is touched, stopped, or handled by a person not engaged in the game; or which touches any object that is not part of the official equipment or playing area. NOTE: A blocked ball is not called when a live ball strikes a base coach unintentionally. EFFECT: The ball is dead. See Rule 8. Sec. 5. (e) for enforcement. *NOTE: When offensive equipment causes a blocked ball, the runner closest to home plate will be declared out and all other runners must return to the last base touched at the time the ball became blocked. Sec. 13 BUNT: A bunt is a fair ball in which the batter does not take a full swing but holds the bat in such a manner in the path of the ball to tap the ball slowly to the infield. Sec. 14 BUNT ATTEMPT: Any non-swinging movement of the bat intended to tap the ball into play. The mere holding of the bat in the strike zone is considered a bunt attempt no matter the placement of the pitch. To take a pitch the batter must withdraw the bat away from the ball. Sec. 15 CATCH: A catch is a legally caught ball, which occurs when a fielder secures a batted or thrown ball with his/her hand or glove. If the ball is merely held in the fielder’s arms or is prevented from dropping to the ground by some part of the fielder’s body or clothing, the catch is not completed until the ball is in the grasp of the fielder’s hand or glove. It is not a catch if a fielder, immediately after he/she contacts the ball, collides with another player or wall or falls to the ground and drops the ball as a result of the collision or falling to the ground. In establishing a valid catch, the fielder shall have complete control of the ball and his/her release of the ball is voluntary and intentional. If a player drops the ball while in the act of throwing, it is a valid catch. Sec. 16 CATCHER'S BOX: The catcher's box is the area in which the catcher must stay until the pitched ball is released. The lines of the box are considered within the box. All of the catcher's body and equipment must be within the catcher's box until the pitcher releases the ball. The umpire indicates an illegal pitch if the catcher is not in this position. Sec. 17 CHARGED CONFERENCE: A charged conference takes place when: a. Defensive Conference - The defensive team requests a suspension of play for any reason, and a representative not on the field enters the playing field and delivers a message (by any means) to the pitcher or any defensive player. It is not a charged conference when the representative enters the field and removes 91
  • 11. the pitcher, or if the defensive team confers while the offensive team is in conference. b. Offensive Conference - The offensive team requests a suspension of play to allow the manager or other team representative, on or off the field, to confer with a batter or baserunner. It is not a charged conference when an offensive pitcher is putting on a warm-up jacket on base or if the offensive team confers while the defensive team is in conference. Sec. 18 COACH: A member of the team at bat who takes his/her place in the coach's box to direct his/her players in running the bases. Two coaches are allowed, one positioned at 1st base and one positioned at 3rd base. One coach can have in his/her possession, a scorebook and an indicator that shall be used for scorekeeping purposes only. A defensive coach or manager must remain in the dugout at their normal position. If the manager or coach does not comply after a warning from the umpire, he/she will be ejected from the game. Sec. 19 CROW HOP: Prior to delivering the pitch, the pitcher replants the pivot foot and pushes off from a spot other than the pitcher's plate. Sec. 20 DEAD BALL: The ball is not in play, and not considered in play again, until the pitcher has the ball in his/her possession and the umpire has called "play ball". Sec. 21 DELAYED DEAD BALL: An infraction, signaled by the umpire, in which the ball remains alive until all play has been completed and time has been called. Sec. 22 DELIVERY: Delivery of the pitch begins when the hands separate and ends with the release of the ball Sec. 23 FAIR BALL: A fair ball is a batted ball that: a. Settles on fair territory between home plate and 1st base or home plate and 3rd base. b. Is on or over fair territory, including any part of 1st and 3rd bases, when bounding toward the outfield or touches 1st, 2nd or 3rd base. c. First falls in fair territory beyond 1st or 3rd base. d. Touches the person of any umpire or player while in or over fair territory. e. While over fair territory, passes out of the playing field, beyond the outfield fence. NOTE: A fair fly shall be judged according to the relative position of the ball and foul line and not as to the position of the fielder at the time he/she touches the ball. It does not matter whether the ball first touches fair or foul territory, as long as it does not touch anything foreign to the natural ground in foul territory and complies with all other aspects of a fair ball. Home plate is in fair territory. 92
  • 12. Sec. 24 FLAGRANT PLAYER OBSTRUCTION: Is the act of a defensive fielder flagrantly, and with excessive force, impedes the runner or batter/runner. PENALTY: Immediate ejection of the defensive player. Sec. 25 FORCE OUT: A force out is an out which can be made only when a baserunner loses the right to the base he/she is occupying because the batter becomes a batter-runner, and before the batter-runner or a succeeding baserunner has been put out. Sec. 26 FOUL BALL: A foul ball is a batted ball that: a. Settles on foul territory between home and 1st base or home and 3rd base. b. Bounds past 1st and 3rd base on or over foul territory. c. Falls first on foul territory beyond 1st or 3rd base. d. While on or over foul ground, touches an umpire, player, or foreign object to the natural ground. e. Touches the batter or bat in the batter's hand while within the lines of the batter's box. NOTE: A foul fly ball shall be judged according to the relative position of the ball and the foul line and not the position of the fielder. Sec. 27 FOUL TIP: A foul tip is a batted ball that goes directly from the bat, not higher than the batters head, to the catcher’s hands or glove/mitt, and is legally caught by the catcher. A foul tip is a strike. The batter is out if it is the third strike. A foul tip remains alive. A runner may advance with liability to be put out from one base to another on a foul tip without tagging. The foul tip is treated as if it were a swing and miss. A batted ball that travels directly from the bat not higher than the batter’s head to any part of the catcher’s body or equipment other than the hand(s) or glove/mitt is a foul ball is dead and is not a foul tip. A batted ball that goes higher than the batter’s head is a foul ball. It is not a foul tip. If legally caught, the batter is out. NOTE: Any foul tip is a strike, and the ball is in play. Sec. 28 ILLEGAL BAT: An illegal bat is one that does not meet the requirements. Rule 3 Sec. 1 Sec. 29 ILLEGAL PITCH: An illegal pitch is a delayed dead ball and is any infraction of the pitching. Rule 6 Sec. 1 – 8 Sec. 30 ILLEGAL PLAYER: A Player who enters the line–up without the right to an offensive or defensive position. Examples of an Illegal player(s) but not limited to are: a. Illegal use of the re-entry rule. b. Using a player to pitch who was removed from the pitching position. 93
  • 13. Sec. 31 ILLEGALLY BATTED BALL: An illegally batted ball occurs when: a. A batter's entire foot is completely out of the box, on the ground, when he/she hits the ball fair or foul. b. Any part of the batter's foot is touching home plate when he/she hits the ball. c. The batter hits the ball with an illegal or altered bat. Sec. 32 ILLEGALLY CAUGHT BALL: Occurs when a fielder catches a batted or thrown ball with his/her cap, illegal glove or any part of his/her uniform, detached from its proper place. See Rule 1. Sec. 15. Sec. 33 INELGIBLE PLAYER: A player who is unregistered or who does not meet the requi
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