General mining and underground induction

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Induction for new employees joining African Underground Mining Services - a complete transformation of a previously Australian centric communication into a Ghana specific communication
  • 3. AUMS – OUR OBJECTIVESWe will provide you with the knowledge and skills so thatyou can work in a safe and responsible manner.All employees have access to training. We want to helpyou become competent in your work.Our aim is to return you home healthy with no injury.AUMS BELIEVES ALL TASKS CAN BE DONE SAFELY, AT WORKAND AT HOME, 24 HOURS A DAY 7 DAYS A WEEK. 3
  • 4. LEGISLATION – GHANA MINES ACTAUMS operates under Ghanaian law.Breaking the law means AUMS as a company, as well asindividuals can be prosecuted, fined and even jailed.In terms of the law, health and safety representatives areelected by the workforce. They are the spokespersons forall health and safety issues. 4
  • 5. DUTY OF EMPLOYERSAs far as possible provide and maintain a workingenvironment in which employees are not exposed tohazards. This means that the company must have :Safe plant, equipment, PPE and safe working proceduresMethods of consultation and co operationInform, instruct, train and supervise in the safe use,handling, storage, transport and disposal of plant andsubstances 5
  • 6. DUTY OF EMPLOYEESDuty of Employees - 1To take reasonable care for yoursafety and the safety of others. 6
  • 7. DUTY OF EMPLOYEESDuty of Employees - 2Come to work in a fit state 7
  • 9. FITNESS FOR WORKFactors that affect fitness for work• Lack of sleep and fatigue• Stress (work, marital, financial)• Alcohol and hangovers• Drugs and prescription medication• Illness and injury• Working hours 9
  • 11. ALCOHOL AND DRUGS• All AUMS employees and Contractors have random alcohol and drug tests. Every employee must have a breath test before work• Any blood alcohol reading above 0.00% is regarded as a positive result. In other words, the limit is NIL 11
  • 12. SMOKINGSmoking is not permitted• In any vehicle• Inside any enclosed area• In offices, chop houses and buildings 12
  • 13. SMOKINGSmoking is not permitted• Underground• Within 10m of explosives and 30m of a re fuelling station• Where signs, laws or company rules prohibit smoking 13
  • 14. WORKING SAFELYOVERVIEW• Incident and Accident Reporting• Injury Reporting and Workers Compensation• Risk Management and Hazard Identification• JSA training• Fire Safety• Personal Protective Equipment• Mobile Equipment and Vehicles 14
  • 15. WORKING SAFELY• Isolation and Tagging• Electrical Safety• Chemicals and Hazardous Substances• Manual Handling• Maintenance Operations• Working At Heights 15
  • 16. INCIDENT AND ACCIDENT REPORTING ALL accidents, incidents and near misses must be reported, no matter how minor. • Near Hit • Equipment damage • Fire • Injury • EnvironmentalYou help us when you report incidentsIf we know about it, we can deal with it 16
  • 17. INCIDENT AND ACCIDENT REPORTING INJURIES All injuries, no matter how minor, must be reported to your supervisor by no later than the end of the shift. The injury must be recorded on an Incident Report Form (IRF).Failure to report an injury couldstop you from receiving workerscompensation 17
  • 19. INJURIES AND TREATMENTPROCEDURE WHEN YOU HAVE AN INJURY• Report to your Supervisor.• Report to the safety office and then follow up with International SOS or the site medical centre.• If further medical treatment is required, transport will be provided to closest medical facility or return home for treatment. 19
  • 20. EMERGENCY RESPONSEIn an emergency refer to the site specific process for raisingthe alarm. Do not disturb the scene of a serious accidentunless required to render first aid 20
  • 21. EMERGENCY RESPONSEGive this information: Name, location, type of incident,number of casualties and state of casualties. Stay on phone orin contact. 21
  • 22. COMMUNICATIONAUMS communicates information in many ways such as safety meetings 22
  • 23. COMMUNICATIONAUMS communicates information in many ways such as Safety Time Out 23
  • 24. COMMUNICATIONAUMS communicates information in many ways such as notice boards 24
  • 25. HAZARD IDENTIFICATIONWhat is a Hazard?“Anything that has the potential to cause harm, injury or illness to personnel, damage to equipment or the environment”. 25
  • 32. HAZARD IDENTIFICATIONWild animals are dangerous –a hazardous environment andvery risky for people What makes it safe? The vehicle? The game guides? A firearm? 32
  • 33. HAZARD IDENTIFICATIONThe relationship between hazard and risk :• Hazards have the POTENTIAL to cause harm• A hazard will not harm if there is no activity• Activity needs to be exposed to the hazard to become risky, and high exposure to hazards mean more chance of getting hurt, low exposure means less chance of getting hurt• The level of control over risk determines the likelihood getting hurt by a hazard. High control level equals lower risk of getting hurt. 33
  • 34. HAZARD IDENTIFICATIONExamples of low / high levels of exposure to hazards andthe related risks :• Potassium Dichromate is a highly toxic chemical. It is used in breathalisers. However, it is sealed in a tube, and does not come into contact with the person. Therefore although it is a highly hazardous substance, it does not present any risk to anybody. Example of high control.• Flour is a very low toxic substance. Many years of high exposure (as a baker) to airborne flour could lead to asthma. Low control over this hazard means high risk. 34
  • 35. RISK ASSESSMENT AND CONTROLConsists of 3 parts:1. Identification2. Assessment of Risk3. Controls to reduce risk• This can be also be remembered by acronym of SAM - Spot the hazard, Assess the risk and Make the change. 35
  • 38. RISK ASSESSMENT AND CONTROLAUMS uses formal and informal methods of identifyingand reporting hazards in the workplace.• Verbal reporting• Pre start checks on equipment• Safe Workplace Inspection Checklists (SWIC)• Job Safety Analysis (JSA)• Workplace inspections• Incident / Accident Report Forms 38
  • 39. RISK ASSESSMENT AND CONTROLSWICA Safe Workplace Inspection Checklist(SWIC) must be completed wheneveryou enter a new work area.All employees shall complete at least oneper shift. 39
  • 42. RISK ASSESSMENT AND CONTROL • If it is safe, fix or remove a hazard as soon as possible. • If you are unable to remove or fix the hazard, you have a responsibility to: – report it to your Supervisor immediately. – barricade or isolate the hazard. – make sure that others are aware of the hazard 42
  • 43. RISK ASSESSMENT AND CONTROL Scenario for assessing risk :Two trucks travelling at speed on a haul road arrive at an intersection. (No controls in place). What is the consequence and likelihood? 43
  • 44. RISK ASSESSMENT AND CONTROLConsequence - fatalitiesLikelihood - very likely to happenNeed to reduce the risk by putting controls in place 44
  • 45. RISK ASSESSMENT AND CONTROL• After implementing controls, reassess level of risk to determine if it is acceptable. Aim is for As Low as Reasonably Practicable ALARP• If risk is unacceptable, Do Not perform task, notify supervisor.Reassess risk of vehicle incident?• Have you reduced the consequence and likelihood of the incident? 45
  • 46. CONTROLLING RISKS – THE JSAWhat is a JSA ?A method to identify hazards with a job so that controls canbe used to reduce the risk or potential for injury and loss 46
  • 47. CONTROLLING RISKS – THE JSAWhen is a JSA required? – New job or unfamiliar task. – New equipment, machinery or procedures. – Unusual conditions – Infrequent operation – Previous incidents have occurred both safety and environmental. – Whenever a concern is raised about a task. 47
  • 48. CONTROLLING RISKS – THE JSAWho should be involved in doing a JSA?• Everyone who is required to do the task where there is significant risk• Supervisor• Safety and training officer or safety rep• Trades personnel 48
  • 49. CONTROLLING RISKS – THE JSA3 STEPS1. Break the job down into steps2. Identify hazards3. Implement Controls 49
  • 50. JSA Work Sheet Activity 3 Flat tyre on a LV.JOB SAFETY ANALYSIS WORKSHEET JOB: PAGE: 1 OFFACILITY/SITE: TrainingDEPARTMENT:SUPERVISOR: Your Name SignatureTEAM MEMBERS: Todays DateDATE:Required Additional Personal Protective Equipment:List associated Safe Work Procedures / Safe Work Guidelines:Step Describe Job Step Potential Hazards Hazard Management / ControlNo. List the natural steps of the job (List WHAT is What can happen at each step? Use the following checklist. Describe how defined hazards can be managed, controlled or removed. to be done, NOT HOW it is to be done). Can employee be struck by / caught on / contacted by / struck Consider elimination / substitution, engineering controls, administrative against / contacted with / trapped in / exposed to / caught controls, personal protective equipment. between / have same level or different level fall / strain / overexert?1 Pull over & shut down Hit by another car, Losing control Indicate, check mirrors and look. Slow down gradually 2 Get equipment out and set up Park off highway, Hazard lights, Warning triangles. Hit by another vehicle, back strain, abrasions . Correct lifting technique,, wear gloves 3 Loosen wheel nuts & Jack up Fall off jack, Back strain Caught under, Slip / Chock wheels, Hand brake, In gear, Correct jack / the car Trip placement, Hard level ground, Tyre under pillar, Correct lifting 4 Tech Remove and replace tyre Same as step 3 +, wire protruding from tyre. Same as step 3 & wear gloves. 5 Lower Car & tighten wheel Same as step 3 Same as step 3 but lower the car slowly and steadily nuts keeping body parts away from underneath the car 6 Pack up equipment Same as step 2 Same as step 2 7 Same as step 1 Same as step 1 but speed up gradually. Pull back out onto highway
  • 51. FIRE SAFETYAlways identify the location, typeand condition of the portable fireextinguishers in your work area It is important to keep extinguishers unobstructed for emergency use 51
  • 52. FIRE SAFETYDRY CHEMICAL POWDER - red with a white bandUse on live electrical equipmentUse onwood, paper, oil, kerosene, petrol, textiles, acetylene, and LPG All heavy vehicles have AFFF systems installed. They will suppress a fire that starts in the engine compartment, and is activated by the operator 52
  • 53. FIRE SAFETYCheck the Gauge Check the pin is in place.Check the Check the handleInspection tag trigger mechanism Check the hose Check the cylinder 53
  • 54. FIRE SAFETYUse the PASS method when you are extinguishing a fire 54
  • 55. FIRE SAFETYWhen attempting to extinguish a fire you should always:Stand upwind of the fireStand up hill of the fireStay down lowAim at the base of fire 55
  • 56. FIRE SAFETYPREVENTION IS ALWAYS BETTER THAN THE CUREBe aware of your surroundings when doing hot work Keep combustible chemicals and materials away from possible ignition sources. 56
  • 57. PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENTPersonal Protective Equipment(PPE) is anything worn on yourperson to protect you fromhazards which may cause harm,injury or illness. 57
  • 58. PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENTYou have a responsibility toinspect your PPE before youuse it, as well as maintain andwear the proper PPE all thetime. 58
  • 59. PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) must be worn wherever:• Signage indicates• You are instructed to do so by your supervisor• A procedure outlines it‘s use. 59
  • 60. PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) must be worn wherever:• A hazard identification process has highlighted the need.• You determine it is required to prevent harm or injury. 60
  • 61. PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENTReflective high visibility PPE is required atnight and in some areas such asworkshops.You are issued with long sleeved shirts,long trousers or overalls 61
  • 62. PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENTThe most important safety measure underground is to bevisible. Make sure that your reflective strip on your coverallsis as bright as possible. Change worn out, old PPE for new PPE 62
  • 63. PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT EYE PROTECTION Glasses Goggles Face shield Welding shield / Oxy goggles 63
  • 64. PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENTOnly clear safety glasses are allowed in workshop andunderground areas 64
  • 65. PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENTTinted safety glasses are allowed in open spaces. If youare not sure about the correct PPE ask your supervisor 65
  • 66. PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT Hard hats are mandatory underground 66
  • 67. PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT Ear and hearing protection Wear ear plugs and ear muffsaccording to signage as well aswork with very high noise levels 67
  • 68. PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT Respiratory protection : dust and particle masksRespiratory canister type masks 68
  • 69. PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENTGloves are used for manual handling• Rubber – short and long• Canvas• Leather• Welding• Heat resistant• Chemical resistant 69
  • 70. PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENTHand and wrist injuries are themost common, accounting for onein three workplace injuries.Injuries range from being relativelyminor to very severe, most commonlyinvolving the fingers, with open woundsthe most common injury type andamputation the most severe injury type. 70
  • 71. PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT Safety bootsLeather steel capped, or rubber steel cappedExamine your boots each time you usethem, look for:tread wear, holes or puncturescondition of the lacesCondition of the insoles 71
  • 72. MOBILE EQUIPMENT AND VEHICLESNo one is allowed to operateequipment unless they aretrained, and have AUMS tickets Employees are responsible for their own licenses. Make sure they are up to date because you need them for your job 72
  • 73. MOBILE EQUIPMENT AND VEHICLES Pre start checks must be done 73
  • 74. MOBILE EQUIPMENT AND VEHICLESNever leave your vehicle while you are re fuelling 74
  • 75. MOBILE EQUIPMENT AND VEHICLESDrive according to theconditions of the roadDistance between vehicles isminimum 30 metresAlways use reverse parking 75
  • 77. MOBILE EQUIPMENT AND VEHICLES Do not operate mobile equipment without a fire extinguisher and fire suppression systemWhen mounting and dismountingvehicles always face the machineand maintain 3 points of contactwith steps and hand holds. 77
  • 78. ISOLATION AND TAGGINGYou isolate to stop :• A motor from switching on (or off)• A substance such as liquid, gas or powder getting in or out• Two hazardous substances mixing 78
  • 79. ISOLATION AND TAGGINGYou isolate to :• Allow maintenance or inspection• Take a piece of plant out of service for a certain time• Change a process• Make sure that even isolated plant cannot be started by mistake somewhere else• Stop the chance of human error or mechanical failure 79
  • 80. ISOLATION AND TAGGING Isolation of equipment will make sure:• That it will not start while you are working on it• All persons working on the machine are protected• Damage to the equipment is prevented. 80
  • 81. ISOLATION AND TAGGING Isolation points can be :• battery isolator switches• air or water system gate/shut off valves• electrical switches or any other physical means of ensuring personnel can not turn on the energy source. 81
  • 82. ISOLATION AND TAGGING A tag is put on an isolation point to warn other people not to change the state of the isolation point 82
  • 83. ISOLATION AND TAGGINGAUMS uses four basic types of tags• Out of Service• Personal Danger• Commissioning and Testing• Information 83
  • 84. ISOLATION AND TAGGING ISOLATION AND TAGGING OUT OF SERVICEThese tags are used to preventdefective equipment beingstarted, operated or used which mayresult in injury to personnel or furtherequipment damage. 84
  • 85. ISOLATION AND TAGGING PERSONAL DANGERA Personal Danger tag provides protectionfor personnel working on equipment.No person shall de-isolate, operate anyswitch or valve whilst a personal dangertag is in place.The only person who can place or removethis tag is the person whose nameappears on the tag. 85
  • 86. ISOLATION AND TAGGING COMMISSIONING AND TESTINGThis tag gives an employee exclusivecontrol over the plant operation.It is used during commissioning,calibration, testing, inspection andmaintenance when equipment isrequired to be in operating mode. 86
  • 87. ISOLATION AND TAGGING ISOLATION AND TAGGINGINFORMATION TAGSThese tags are used to pass oninformation which may reduceinefficiencies, doubling up or constantreporting. 87
  • 88. ISOLATION AND TAGGING Equipment must be isolated and tagged with an OUT OF SERVICE tag at each isolation point 88
  • 89. ISOLATION AND TAGGINGSwitches and valvesmust be switched tothe isolated positionand tagged by anauthorised person 89
  • 90. ISOLATION AND TAGGINGEach person workingon the equipmentmust have a PERSONALDANGER tag at eachisolation point 90
  • 91. ISOLATION AND TAGGINGISOLATION AND TAGGINGBefore starting work, test the isolation. Discharge anyenergy that MIGHT be stored in the system.Each person must remove his or her own PersonalDanger Tag at the completion of the job or prior toleaving the work site.If the task is incomplete, the Out of Service tag remainson the isolation point.Always communicate isolation conditions with yoursupervisor and the supervisor of the next crew comingon shift. 91
  • 92. ISOLATION AND TAGGING ELECTRICAL SAFETYOnly licensed electricians arepermitted to carry out electricalrepairs and access equipment andinstallationsAll fixed and portable electrical equipmentmust have a valid electrical inspection tagattached before useFaulty equipment must be taggedout of service and reported 92
  • 93. ISOLATION AND TAGGING ELECTRICAL SAFETYBefore any work is started on electrically drivenplant and machinery, the electricity must beisolated and tagged at the primary source. 93
  • 94. CHEMICAL AND HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCESBe familiar with the properties of hazardous substancesKnow the risks of handling them and take precautions 94
  • 95. CHEMICAL AND HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCESMaterial Safety Data SheetsRefer to theMSDS forinformation on :safehandling, storageand disposal, firstaid PPE andtoxicity 95
  • 97. MANUAL HANDLINGManual handling is any activity requiring a person to lift,lower, push, carry, throw, move or restrain an object.85% of workplace injuries are caused through manualhandling activities and the back is the most affectedbody part. 97
  • 98. MANUAL HANDLINGDetermine the best technique (half squat) checkbalance, avoid bending your back, twisting or reachingPlan – before you lift, assistan
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