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1. SCLY1: Culture & Identity<br />Postmodernism – A New Way of Looking at Identity<br /> 2. IDENTITY:<br /><ul><li>Refers to the sense…
  • 1. SCLY1: Culture & Identity<br />Postmodernism – A New Way of Looking at Identity<br />
  • 2. IDENTITY:<br /><ul><li>Refers to the sense that someone has of who they are, of what is most important about them
  • 3. Significant sources of identity are likely to include nationality, ethnicity, sexuality, gender and class</li></li></ul><li>Identity:<br /><ul><li>Personal identity – refers to how a person thinks about themselves
  • 4. Social identity – refers to how they are perceived by others
  • 5. NB: Personal and social identities do not necessarily match – a person perceived by others to be female may see themselves as a man trapped in a woman’s body</li></li></ul><li>The Traditional View<br /> In the past, identity was seen as being relatively stable, widely shared and based on one or two key factors, like class and nationality<br />
  • 6. Postmodernism<br /> A way of thinking developed in the 1970’s to explain the apparent failings of the ‘modernist’ approach that had been fashionable since the C19<br />Foucault – French Postmodernist<br />
  • 7. Modernism?<br /><ul><li>A belief that the future is necessarily better than the past
  • 8. An emphasis on new materials
  • 9. Faith in the march of science</li></ul>Bauhaus Chair<br />Frankenstein – the first modernist novel?<br />
  • 10. Postmodernism?<br /><ul><li>Much less certainty about ‘progress’
  • 11. Emphasis on the individual rather than the group
  • 12. Use of ‘pastiche’</li></ul>Poundbury – a vision of what England should be<br />
  • 13. Postmodernists claim that people’s identities can frequently change and may contain considerable contradictions<br />
  • 14. They argue:<br /><ul><li>People actively create their own identities
  • 15. People have a great deal of choice about what social groups they join
  • 16. People can change their identities through shopping and other forms of consumption
  • 17. People no longer have a stable sense of identity – their identities are fragmented</li></li></ul><li>Science will provide answers to everything<br />Society is always getting better : the march of progress!<br />Society will depend on new materials and technologies<br />Modernist<br />
  • 18. Progress is relative and not always inevitable<br />Individuals are more significant than “grand theories” like class or gender<br />Image is as important as reality – we can create our own “reality”<br />Pastiche is important – a “pick ‘n mix” of styles in art, movies, fashion architecture etc<br />Post-modernist<br />
  • 19. Stuart Hall (1992) – <br /><ul><li>Contemporary societies are increasingly characterized by fractured identities – people no longer possess a single, unified concept of who they are
  • 20. In some cases, this can lead to the adoption of assumed identities, every bit as entrenched as the more traditional labels rejected
  • 21. E.g. young British Asian men who see themselves as neither British nor truly Asian but who adopt a radical form of Islam instead</li></li></ul><li>
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