Perestroika

All materials on our website are shared by users. If you have any questions about copyright issues, please report us to resolve them. We are always happy to assist you.
 122 views
of 11

Please download to get full document.

View again

Description
1. Perestroika 2. Party elite and perestroika <ul><li>Do not take notes from next two slides. </li></ul><ul><li>Perestroika was…
Share
Transcript
  • 1. Perestroika
  • 2. Party elite and perestroika <ul><li>Do not take notes from next two slides. </li></ul><ul><li>Perestroika was Gorbachev’s attempt to address the problems facing the USSR. </li></ul><ul><li>The biggest resistance to these reforms were from Party elite. They were wary of change to a system they had benefited hugely from. </li></ul>
  • 3. Military-industrial complex and Perestroika <ul><li>The military and industrial sectors of Soviet society absorbed a huge amount of its resources. </li></ul><ul><li>They were concerned Perestroika meant diverting resources elsewhere. </li></ul><ul><li>For example, military chiefs opposed disarmament because it meant a reduction of the army. </li></ul>
  • 4. Task <ul><li>Create a table of those who supported perestroika and those who opposed it using p.141-42. Also include REASONS for their support or opposition. </li></ul><ul><li>Under your “Key Terms” explain what a cooperative was using p.147. </li></ul>
  • 5. Perestroika Phase 1: acceleration, 1985-86 <ul><li>The term “acceleration” was nothing new. </li></ul><ul><li>Gorbachev believed the Soviet's problems could be addressed by “accelerated growth”, making the existing system work better. </li></ul>The poster above says: “ Perestroika—Reconstruction Demokratizatsiia—Democratization Uskorenie—Acceleration Glasnost—Openness”
  • 6. Task <ul><li>Use p.142 to explain what “acceleration” meant for Gorbachev. </li></ul><ul><li>Then under sub-title, “Perestroika’s economic innovations” take notes of the 5 innovations on p.143. Also include law on workers collectives and elected managers on p.144. </li></ul><ul><li>Now highlight those that were a success in one colour and those that weren’t in another. </li></ul>
  • 7. Results of acceleration <ul><li>Gorbachev realised that the acceleration was having little effect. </li></ul><ul><li>However, he did not believe the system was to blame, but that middle-ranking bureaucrats were obstructing change. </li></ul><ul><li>Gorbachev also said he was receiving bad economic advice. </li></ul><ul><li>At the same time, people were disgruntled with food shortages and higher prices. </li></ul>
  • 8. The Twelfth Five year plan: 1985-1990 <ul><li>Gorbachev's answer was to create an extraordinarily ambitious Twelfth Five year plan. </li></ul><ul><li>He wished to double national income by 2000. </li></ul><ul><li>However, Ryzhkov reported in 1987 that economic growth had actually declined. </li></ul>
  • 9. Task <ul><li>Under sub-title, “Economic problems”, list all the economic problems Gorbachev faced using the two paragraphs under, “The Results of acceleration” on p.144. </li></ul>
  • 10. Perestroika Phase 2: radical reform from above, 1987-1988 <ul><li>As the economic problems persisted, leaders realised that more discipline was not enough. </li></ul><ul><li>Therefore Gorbachev believed that more participation and accountability was the answer. </li></ul><ul><li>This meant a number of political reforms </li></ul>
  • 11. Task <ul><li>Under the sub-title, “Perestroika’s political innovations” take notes on the 4 political reforms bullet pointed on p.147. </li></ul><ul><li>Explain the results of these reforms using the paragraph underneath. </li></ul>
  • We Need Your Support
    Thank you for visiting our website and your interest in our free products and services. We are nonprofit website to share and download documents. To the running of this website, we need your help to support us.

    Thanks to everyone for your continued support.

    No, Thanks