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1. Perestroika 2. Party elite and perestroika <ul><li>Do not take notes from next two slides. </li></ul><ul><li>Perestroika was…
  • 1. Perestroika
  • 2. Party elite and perestroika <ul><li>Do not take notes from next two slides. </li></ul><ul><li>Perestroika was Gorbachev’s attempt to address the problems facing the USSR. </li></ul><ul><li>The biggest resistance to these reforms were from Party elite. They were wary of change to a system they had benefited hugely from. </li></ul>
  • 3. Military-industrial complex and Perestroika <ul><li>The military and industrial sectors of Soviet society absorbed a huge amount of its resources. </li></ul><ul><li>They were concerned Perestroika meant diverting resources elsewhere. </li></ul><ul><li>For example, military chiefs opposed disarmament because it meant a reduction of the army. </li></ul>
  • 4. Task <ul><li>Create a table of those who supported perestroika and those who opposed it using p.141-42. Also include REASONS for their support or opposition. </li></ul><ul><li>Under your “Key Terms” explain what a cooperative was using p.147. </li></ul>
  • 5. Perestroika Phase 1: acceleration, 1985-86 <ul><li>The term “acceleration” was nothing new. </li></ul><ul><li>Gorbachev believed the Soviet's problems could be addressed by “accelerated growth”, making the existing system work better. </li></ul>The poster above says: “ Perestroika—Reconstruction Demokratizatsiia—Democratization Uskorenie—Acceleration Glasnost—Openness”
  • 6. Task <ul><li>Use p.142 to explain what “acceleration” meant for Gorbachev. </li></ul><ul><li>Then under sub-title, “Perestroika’s economic innovations” take notes of the 5 innovations on p.143. Also include law on workers collectives and elected managers on p.144. </li></ul><ul><li>Now highlight those that were a success in one colour and those that weren’t in another. </li></ul>
  • 7. Results of acceleration <ul><li>Gorbachev realised that the acceleration was having little effect. </li></ul><ul><li>However, he did not believe the system was to blame, but that middle-ranking bureaucrats were obstructing change. </li></ul><ul><li>Gorbachev also said he was receiving bad economic advice. </li></ul><ul><li>At the same time, people were disgruntled with food shortages and higher prices. </li></ul>
  • 8. The Twelfth Five year plan: 1985-1990 <ul><li>Gorbachev's answer was to create an extraordinarily ambitious Twelfth Five year plan. </li></ul><ul><li>He wished to double national income by 2000. </li></ul><ul><li>However, Ryzhkov reported in 1987 that economic growth had actually declined. </li></ul>
  • 9. Task <ul><li>Under sub-title, “Economic problems”, list all the economic problems Gorbachev faced using the two paragraphs under, “The Results of acceleration” on p.144. </li></ul>
  • 10. Perestroika Phase 2: radical reform from above, 1987-1988 <ul><li>As the economic problems persisted, leaders realised that more discipline was not enough. </li></ul><ul><li>Therefore Gorbachev believed that more participation and accountability was the answer. </li></ul><ul><li>This meant a number of political reforms </li></ul>
  • 11. Task <ul><li>Under the sub-title, “Perestroika’s political innovations” take notes on the 4 political reforms bullet pointed on p.147. </li></ul><ul><li>Explain the results of these reforms using the paragraph underneath. </li></ul>
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