PHYSICAL SECURITY

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PHYSICAL SECURITY. Attacker. Physical Security. Not all attacks on your organization's data come across the network. Many companies focus on an “iron-clad” network security, but that does not protect them from physical assault or theft of data. . Physical Security.
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PHYSICAL SECURITY Attacker Physical Security Not all attacks on your organization's data come across the network. Many companies focus on an “iron-clad” network security, but that does not protect them from physical assault or theft of data. Physical Security
  • An example of this would be the recent identity theft incident at the Department of Veterans Affairs, which began with the theft of a company laptop.
  • Physical Security
  • Increased importance
  • Given the trend toward smaller, more lightweight PC components, physical security is growing increasingly important.
  • It’s important to implement a physical access control program in a company and strictly enforce the measures.
  • Physical Security
  • Attackers : Two Categories
  • Outside the company
  • From within the company
  • Physical Security Impact of an attack
  • These attackers can often cause systems to fail, and they can compromise password-protected computers by using a removable hard drive to gain access.
  • Attackers can directly access networks by adding or rearranging the connections, and they can easily steal physical objects if they're already on the inside.
  • Physical Security
  • Preventing Outside attackers a. Natural barriers: landscape and terrain b.  Fencing: type and construction c.  Walls and ceiling construction: high risk areas d.  Gate facilities: security checkpoints
  • Physical Security
  • Preventing Outside attackers e.   Frequency of patrols and security checks f.   Door and window locations and security devices used g.  Reception areas: location and control of entry h.  Employee surveillance and vigilance i.   Parking areas: entrance/exit, access to facility
  • Physical Security Armed Guards and Bulldogs are a good way to keep out attackers. Physical Security Preventing attackers from within
  • Ex: Disgruntled or greedy employers or contactors.
  • It’s important to implement a physical access control program in a company and strictly enforce the measures.
  • If an attacker has physical access to a system they can wreak havoc.
  • Physical Security Guidelines for restricting personal access:
  • Create a badge program that includes an employee picture and possibly color-code specific areas of access.
  • Make it a policy to question anyone who doesn't have a visible ID badge.
  • Escort, observe, and supervise guests for their entire visit.
  • Physical Security Guidelines for restricting personal access:
  • Don't allow anyone – including vendors, salespeople, etc. – to connect personal laptops (or any other computing device) to the network.
  • Don't allow anyone to add hardware or software to computers without proper authorization. 0
  • Watch out for "tailgaters." These people wait for someone with access to enter a controlled area (such as one with a locked door) and then follow the authorized person through the door. Tailgaters enter without using their own key, card key, or lock combination.
  • Physical SecurityEnforcement Physical Security Guidelines for protecting information and equipment access:
  • Place monitors and printers away from windows and areas where unauthorized persons could easily observe them.
  • Shred or otherwise destroy all sensitive information and media when it's no longer necessary.
  • Don't leave documents unattended at fax machines or printers.
  • Require all users to log off or power down workstations at the end of the working day.
  • Physical Security Guidelines for protecting information and equipment access:
  • Lock up portable equipment (e.g., laptops, PDAs, media, memory sticks) out of sight in a safe storage place overnight.
  • Don't allow the removal of computers or storage media from the work area or facility without ensuring that the person removing it has authorization and a valid reason.
  • Provide locks or cables to prevent theft, and lock computer cases.
  • Physical Security Physical Security Strong Room Physical Security Strong Rooms / Server Room
  • This hardware contains highly sensitive information and access privileges that affect a company’s data system.
  • Only a select few administrators should have access to this room.
  • Physical Security Strong Rooms / Server Room
  • The room should have increased security mechanisms to prevent unauthorized entry.
  • There should be camera/personnel surveillance on the entrance to ensure security.
  • Physical SecurityEnforcement
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