Rise of andropov

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1. Rise of Andropov 2. End of Brezhnev <ul><li>Brezhnev’s health was poor during 1970’s, suffering from two stroked in 1975 and 1977.…
  • 1. Rise of Andropov
  • 2. End of Brezhnev <ul><li>Brezhnev’s health was poor during 1970’s, suffering from two stroked in 1975 and 1977. </li></ul><ul><li>Brezhnev was increasingly absent from the centre of events in Moscow. </li></ul><ul><li>Early November 1982, Brezhnev was made to stand for hours in sub zero conditions in the Red Square for the annual commemoration of the Revolution. He had a final stroke and died in his sleep on the 10 th . </li></ul>
  • 3. Andropov vs. Chernenko <ul><li>Chernenko </li></ul><ul><li>Brezhnev favoured Chernenko as his successor despite being over 70. </li></ul><ul><li>Chernenko was in charge of Brezhnev’s private office. He was also a member of both sectariat and Politburo. </li></ul>Chernenko and Brezhnev
  • 4. Andropov vs. Chernenko <ul><li>Andropov </li></ul><ul><li>Andropov increasingly spoke on a range of issues and made implicit criticisms of Brezhnev regime. </li></ul><ul><li>Andropov campaigned against corruption which was seen as an attack on Brezhnev, especially with his family's reputation. More importantly, was seen as an attack on Chernenko, who was closely associated with Brezhnev. </li></ul><ul><li>Andropov was backed by the KGB and military during a meeting of the Politburo where his leadership was decided. </li></ul>
  • 5. Task <ul><li>Stick in picture of Andropov. </li></ul><ul><li>Chart his life and career using the last 2 paragraphs (apart from last two lines) on p.128 including “Explaining the detail” box. </li></ul><ul><li>Create a table of “How Andropov was a new breed” and “How Andropov was orthodox”. Use 1 st paragraph on p.128 and 1 st paragraph on p.129 to complete the table. </li></ul>
  • 6. Andropov’s rule <ul><li>Andropov genuinely believed in the need for reform. However, he was restrained by the parameters of the Soviet system. </li></ul><ul><li>In this sense, he was in a similar position to Khrushchev – though Andropov was without the same unpredictability . </li></ul><ul><li>Andropov tagline was “efficiency and discipline”. </li></ul>
  • 7. Task <ul><li>Discipline </li></ul><ul><li>Explain how the last two paragraphs on p.129 fit into Andropov’s “discipline”. </li></ul><ul><li>Efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Explain how 2 middle paragraphs on p.130 fit into Andropov’s “efficiency”. </li></ul>
  • 8. Andropov and the Cold War <ul><li>Andropov failed to improve relations with West. This was due to several reasons: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reagan's Star Wars project. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nato deplored it own missiles in Europe. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Afghanistan war continued. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The main disaster in Andropov’s foreign policy was in August 1983. </li></ul>
  • 9. South Korean airliner KAL 007 <ul><li>Soviet war planes shot down Korean Airlines passenger plane killing 269 people. </li></ul><ul><li>Andropov was on holiday at the time. The decision to shoot down KAL 007 was taken at local military level in accordance with prescribed rules of engagement. </li></ul><ul><li>There was a huge international outcry, especially after Kremlin’s denial of the incident. They then denied shooting down the planed. Eventually they finally admitted to it. </li></ul>
  • 10. Task <ul><li>Complete “Activity” on p.132 using the bullet points on p.131-2 as well as some of your own knowledge. </li></ul>
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