Some Chemistry and a few Physics Practice Questions for the GHSGT

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Some Chemistry and a few Physics Practice Questions for the GHSGT. PICK UP A REMOTE… PLEASE DO NOT TURN THEM ON NOR ENTER ANY NUMBERS UNTIL YOU ARE INSTRUCTED TO DO SO!. What is the final step in the scientific method?. iRespond Question. Multiple Choice. F. A.) identify the problem.
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Some Chemistry and a few Physics Practice Questions for the GHSGTPICK UP A REMOTE… PLEASE DO NOT TURN THEM ON NOR ENTER ANY NUMBERS UNTIL YOU ARE INSTRUCTED TO DO SO!What is the final step in the scientific method?iRespond QuestionMultiple ChoiceFA.) identify the problemB.) restate the hypothesisC.) draw conclusionD.) develop a theoryE.) “Be sure to wear eye protection at all times in the lab” is known as a(n)iRespond QuestionMultiple ChoiceFA.) safety procedureB.) step in the scientific methodC.) observationD.) laboratory theoryE.) In science, what steps are followed to solve a problem?iRespond QuestionMultiple ChoiceFA.) laboratory rulesB.) deductive reasoningC.) data analysisD.) the scientific methodE.) Which of the following is not a part of laboratory research?iRespond QuestionMultiple ChoiceFA.) conduct meaningful researchB.) become aware of surroundingsC.) compile data collectedD.) gather information through observation and experimentsE.) The earth’s crust is composed of about 49% oxygen, 26% silicon, 7% aluminum, 5% iron, 3% calcium, 3% sodium, 3% potassium, and 4% other substances. Which would be the best way to present this information?iRespond QuestionMultiple ChoiceFA.) line graphB.) pie graphC.) dot graphD.) bar graphE.) Instant coffee crystals are prepared for breakfast by stirring them into boiling water. Water is the?iRespond QuestionMultiple ChoiceFA.) soluteB.) solventC.) compounding agentD.) heterogeneous agentE.) How is a mixture different from a compound?iRespond QuestionMultiple ChoiceFA.) a mixture can be separated into its parts through physical action, but a compound can only be separated into its parts by chemical reaction B.) a mixture can contain many elements, but a compound can contain only two elementsC.) a mixture can be always be separated into its parts with a magnet, but heat must be applied before a compound can be separatedD.) a mixture is a man-made substance, while a compound is a naturally occurring substanceE.) You would like to conduct an experiment to test a variety of liquids to see if they are acidic. What supplies will you need?iRespond QuestionMultiple ChoiceFA.) filter paper, beakerB.) eudiometer, beaker, clampC.) litmus paper, stirring rodD.) buret, Erlenmeyer flask, clampE.) What part of a science textbook lists the page number where a chapter on weather begins?iRespond QuestionMultiple ChoiceFA.) appendixB.) glossaryC.) prefaceD.) table of contentsE.) iRespond QuestionMultiple ChoiceF10. You have been collecting data to determine average monthly rainfall for a particular year. You have 25 random samples recorded in milliliters for each month. You want to show rainfall trends over the year. What would be the best way to represent your data to illustrate each month’s average rainfall?A.) On a calendar, with the samples written on the days they were taken.B.) On a bar graph, with each bar representing the average of 25 samples for a particular month.C.) In a brief but descriptive paragraph that includes your methods and general findings.D.) On a data table, with the months labeled along the top and 25 samples written below each, averaged at the last row.E.) #11. Dr. Chase wants to write an analysis of several pieces of literature she reviewed pertaining to heart disease. What will Dr. Chase be attempting to do in her analysis?iRespond QuestionMultiple ChoiceFA.) Dr. Chase will make a judgment on the literature based on her own professional opinion.B.) Dr. Chase will review the literature according to the criteria set forth in the literature itself.C.) Dr. Chase will record observations of heart disease under carefully controlled conditions.D.) Dr. Chase will ignore the degree of closeness between the measured values and the true values of statistics in her literature review.E.) #12. Which of the following is the purpose of an experimental group?iRespond QuestionMultiple ChoiceFA.) Experimental groups are groups designed with variable conditions to test the hypothesis.B.) An experimental group is a process designed to yield observations under carefully controlled conditions.C.) An experimental group is a judgement or decision based on experimentation.D.) Experimental groups are the results of an investigation or experiment.E.) #13. How should a meniscus be read in a graduated cylinder filled with water?iRespond QuestionMultiple ChoiceFA.) The meniscus should be read with a magnifying glass.B.) The meniscus should be read from the top of the curve.C.) The meniscus should be read from left to right.D.) The meniscus should be read from the bottom of the curve.E.) #14. What is the correct conversion of 5.32m to km?iRespond QuestionMultiple ChoiceFA.) 0.0532 kmB.) 5320 kmC.) 0.00532 kmD.) 532 kmE.) #15. A= l x w. A=area, l=length, and w=width. What is the area of a building that is 50 m long and 20 m wide?iRespond QuestionMultiple ChoiceFA.) 2.50 m2B.) 1000 m2C.) 70 m2D.) 100 m2E.) #16. V= l x w x h. V=volume, l=length, w=width, h=height. 1 cm3=1 mL. What is the liquid volume in milliliters of a cube that is 3.0 cm long, 4.0 cm wide, and 6.0 cm high?iRespond QuestionMultiple ChoiceFA.) 13 mLB.) 62 mLC.) 72 mLD.) 2.0 mLE.) #17. A beaker is filled with 20 mL of water. A rock is dropped in the beaker, raising the water level to 37mL. What is the volume of the rock?iRespond QuestionMultiple ChoiceFA.) 57 mLB.) 1.85 mLC.) 740 mLD.) 17 mLE.) #18. D= m/v. D=density, m=mass, and v=volume. A piece of coal has a mass of 46 grams and a volume of 28 mL. What is the density of the coal?iRespond QuestionMultiple ChoiceFA.) 18 g/mLB.) 1300 g/mLC.) 1.6 g/mLD.) 0.61 g/mLE.) #19. Air has the same concentration of oxygen throughout a room. This is an example of a(n)_____.iRespond QuestionMultiple ChoiceFA.) Element.B.) Pure substance.C.) CompoundD.) Solution.E.) #20. Why is chemistry considered a physical science?iRespond QuestionMultiple ChoiceFA.) Physical science is a study of motion, chemistry is the study of moving galaxies in spaceB.) Physical science is the study of matter and energy, chemistry is the study of plant and animal energyC.) Physical science is study of life, chemistry focuses on the study of living matterD.) Physical science is the study of matter and energy, chemistry focuses on the study of matter and changes in matterE.) 21. As a car battery is used, the terminals exposed to air start to corrode. Corrosion is an example of a(n) __________ change.iRespond QuestionMultiple ChoiceFA.) chemicalB.) biologicalC.) physicalD.) electricalE.) 22. Nickels, dimes, and quarters are in a piggy bank. This is an example of a __________ mixture.iRespond QuestionMultiple ChoiceFA.) homogeneousB.) chemicalC.) saturatedD.) heterogeneousE.) 23. Pewter, an alloy made of 90% tin, 7% antimony, and 3% copper is known as aiRespond QuestionMultiple ChoiceFA.) liquid solutionB.) heterogeneous mixtureC.) solid solutionD.) liquid mixtureE.) 24. The nucleus of an atom contains:iRespond QuestionMultiple ChoiceFA.) DNAB.) protons and electronsC.) neutrons onlyD.) protons and neutronsE.) 25. If a 0.1M acidic solution of basic solution of 0.1M are combined in equal amounts, what will be the action and result of the combination?iRespond QuestionMultiple ChoiceFA.) Action:neutralization, Outcome: waterB.) Action:chemical reaction, Outcome: O2 and CO2C.) Action:dissociation, Outcome: stronger acids and basesD.) Action:titration, Outcome: change in the color of the combined solutionE.) The atomic number for radon is 86, and the atomic mass is 222. How many neutrons does radon have?iRespond QuestionMultiple ChoiceFA.) 2.58B.) 43C.) 136D.) 308E.) 27. Which of the following is an element?iRespond QuestionMultiple ChoiceFA.) waterB.) gold (24K)C.) sugarD.) aluminum oxideE.) 28. How many valence electrons make most atoms stable?iRespond QuestionMultiple ChoiceFA.) 2B.) 8C.) 13D.) 25E.) 29. In CO2, the subscript 2 represents the number ofiRespond QuestionMultiple ChoiceFA.) electronsB.) carbon dioxide moleculesC.) carbon atomsD.) oxygen atomsE.) #30. Which qualities correctly distinguish metal from nonmetals?iRespond QuestionMultiple ChoiceFA.) Nonmetals conduct heat better and a higher luster than metals.B.) Metals often contain more than four electrons in their outer shell. Nonmetals have one to three electrons in their outer shell.C.) Metals conduct heat better and have a higher luster than nonmetals.D.) Nonmetals are all gases while metals are all solids.E.) 31. Why is the atomic mass of an element greater than the atomic number?iRespond QuestionMultiple ChoiceFA.) The atomic mass includes both protons and neutrons. The atomic number contains the protons only.B.) The atomic mass includes both neutrons and electrons. The atomic number counts only the electrons.C.) The atomic number counts the number of photons. The atomic mass counts the number of photons and atoms.D.) The atomic number counts the number of ions. The atomic mass counts the number of ions and isotopes.E.) 32. Use Ohm’s law V=IR, where V=voltage, I=current and R=resistance, to determine the resistance of the load in the following circuit. V=3 and I =1iRespond QuestionMultiple ChoiceFA.) 0.3 ohmsB.) 0.8 ohmsC.) 3 ohmsD.) 3RE.) 33. In electric circuits, what type is present in most homes?iRespond QuestionMultiple ChoiceFA.) ParallelB.) SeriesC.) DCD.) StaticE.) 35. A good way to generate static electricity is to:iRespond QuestionMultiple ChoiceFA.) rub a rubber rod with woolB.) rub a wire on a magnetC.) turn a magnet in a coil of wireD.) rub two pieces of wool togetherE.) 35. Technically, noise is defined as:iRespond QuestionMultiple ChoiceFA.) any loud soundB.) irregular vibrations at irregular intervalsC.) a compressional wavelength with a large amplitudeD.) any sound that falls between the range of 100 to 1,000 decibelsE.) 36. Which characteristic is associated with alpha radiation?iRespond QuestionMultiple ChoiceFA.) the ability to gain or lose an electronB.) the capability of penetrating 5 inches of lead shieldingC.) low energy helium nucleiD.) the ability to produce X-raysE.) 37. Radioactive materials (such as uranium and plutonium) have been linked with cancer and genetic defects, both of which are known to be caused by changes within the cell. How does radioactivity affect living cells?iRespond QuestionMultiple ChoiceFA.) Radio-length waves emitted from radioactive elements constantly bombard the cell, causing changesB.) Uranium and plutonium replace normal elements in certain proteins, either causing birth defects or initiating cancerC.) Alpha, beta, or gamma radiation can change the molecular composition of a chromosome or other cell structure, thus causing the cell to changeE.) 38. Which would be the best example of kinetic energy?iRespond QuestionMultiple ChoiceFA.) batteries on a shelfB.) batteries in a flashlight that is turned offC.) batteries rolling off of a deskD.) batteries in a flashlight that is turned onE.) 39. Bob picked up two eggs from the table. One slipped out of his hand as he picked it up and hit the table but did not break. The egg then rolled off the table and fell on the floor, where it broke. Which principle of physical science best explains why the egg broke on the floor but not on the table?iRespond QuestionMultiple ChoiceFA.) The floor was harder than the table.B.) The first fall cracked the egg so that it would break the next time it hit somethingC.) As the egg fell to the floor, it encountered friction with the air which made it easier to breakD.) The egg that hit the floor had more kinetic energy available to do work on the egg.E.) 40. Convection is defined as a type of heat transfer in whichiRespond QuestionMultiple ChoiceFA.) heat is transferred by the movement of a fluid.B.) a liquid acquires enough heat to change to a gas.C.) temperature changes are measured only in Kelvin degrees.D.) thermal energy is transferred by the direct contact of one molecule to another.E.)
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