Stagnation

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1. Task <ul><li>Complete Activity on p.122 </li></ul> 2. The costs of the arms race <ul><li>By 1980’s, a quarter of the Soviet…
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  • 1. Task <ul><li>Complete Activity on p.122 </li></ul>
  • 2. The costs of the arms race <ul><li>By 1980’s, a quarter of the Soviet economy was devoted to military. </li></ul><ul><li>Under Brezhnev, USSR had become the greatest nuclear power. </li></ul><ul><li>Whilst USSR was poorer than the USA, wt was spending over twice as much of its wealth on defence – the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1963 had been a humiliating defeat for USSR and they did not want a similar occurrence. </li></ul><ul><li>However, the USSR was in serious danger of overstretching its economy. </li></ul>
  • 3. Task <ul><li>Examine how there was prospects for greater peace under Brezhnev using p.122 </li></ul><ul><li>Examine how defence remained a high priority for USSR using 1 st paragraph on p.123. </li></ul>
  • 4. Assessment of Brezhnev (negative) <ul><li>Most interpretations of Brezhnev’s rule tend to be negative. </li></ul><ul><li>Russians in particular have little respect for him. </li></ul><ul><li>Dmitri Volkogonov says Brezhnev symbolises the decline of USSR because he was incapable of giving the ideology any meaning. </li></ul>
  • 5. Task <ul><li>Read through the negative assessment of Brezhnev using the bullet points on p.123-124. </li></ul><ul><li>Decide in their order of importance and summarise them. </li></ul>
  • 6. Assessment of Brezhnev (positive) <ul><li>The problems with the economy were embedded within the system. </li></ul><ul><li>Many Western and Soviet observers during the 1970’s did not believe there was an imminent crisis. </li></ul><ul><li>Therefore even would-be reformers within the USSR did not want to overhaul the whole sustem. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gorbachev, the most liberal of Communist leaders, believed reform could be implemented while the Party maintained a monopoly on power. </li></ul></ul>Gorbachev
  • 7. Task <ul><li>Read through 1 st paragraph under bullet points on p.124. </li></ul><ul><li>List all the positive changes under Brezhnev. </li></ul><ul><li>Summarise the final paragraph into your own words on p.124. </li></ul>
  • 8. Developed Socialism <ul><li>This is am important concept when examining Brezhnev rule. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This is particularly true when asked such questions as, “Brezhnev’s regime was merely Stalinism with a human face”. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Whilst the aspirations of developed Socialism were very different to Stalinism, often the realities were quite similar. </li></ul>
  • 9. Task <ul><li>Create a table of “Realities” and “Aspirations” of Developed Socialism. </li></ul><ul><li>Use p.125-126 to complete he table. </li></ul>
  • 10. Evaluation of the regime under Brezhnev
  • 11. Task <ul><li>Explain the significance of the following: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The change in Soviet military and defence policy following Khrushchev's fall – the causes and results. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The motivation, and results of, arms control initiatives like SALT. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The impact of major foreign policy issues such as Afghanistan. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The success or failure of Brezhnev’s relations with the satellite states. </li></ul></ul>
  • 12. Debate - “Brezhnev’s regime was simply Stalinism with a human face” <ul><li>Write down your discussion points for BOTH sides of the argument for and against the above statement. </li></ul>
  • 13. Essay – “Neither Brezhnev nor Khrushchev successfully addressed the fundamental economic problems which increasingly doffed the USSR after the Second World War” <ul><li>Write an essay plan for the above question. </li></ul><ul><li>You can use the following points to help you: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Agree </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Target based system – quantity over quality. No manager initiative. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of consumer goods – emphasis on capital goods and military. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Technologically backward and labour intensive. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Corruption, dishonesty, bottle neck of resources. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of opportunity to discuss alternatives. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disagree </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Did improve agriculture. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Did improve housing. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Debate </li></ul></ul>
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