Strengths And Weaknesses Of The Soviet Union

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2. <ul><li>All historians agree industrial production increased significantly sine 1928 – probably 200%. </li></ul><ul><li>However,…
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  • 2. <ul><li>All historians agree industrial production increased significantly sine 1928 – probably 200%. </li></ul><ul><li>However, number of problems: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Emphasis on quantity rather than quality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of modern equipment meant low labour productivity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shortage skilled workers – women and displaced peasants heavily used </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Agriculture never recovered from trauma of collectivisation. Peasants were peasants were unenthusiastic and unproductive. </li></ul></ul>
  • 3. <ul><li>Stalin is said to have killed 20 million people during his time in power. </li></ul><ul><li>Many peasants were dispossessed, esp. Kulaks. </li></ul><ul><li>Religious groups were persecuted. </li></ul><ul><li>There were opportunities for better education. </li></ul>
  • 4. <ul><li>Power of Communists increased significantly during 1930’s. </li></ul><ul><li>Historians describe USSR as an authoritarian or totalitarian state. </li></ul><ul><li>Showing initiative was dangerous, which had disastrous affects that could be seen at the outbreak of WWII. </li></ul>
  • 5. <ul><li>USSR spending on defence had trebled between 1937 to 1941 because they feared foreign attack. </li></ul><ul><li>Soviet T-34 tank was probably the best tank produced in WWII. </li></ul><ul><li>Many experienced officers had been purged (killed) between 1937-1938. Replacements were unlikely to show initiative. </li></ul><ul><li>Soviets were inflexible in strategy. Often tried to hold firm on the frontier and then plan a massive counter offensive. </li></ul><ul><li>Defence plants were too close to vulnerable areas and had to be relocated to the east. Evacuation plans had not been made. </li></ul>
  • 6. <ul><li>Total war was employed by USSR from the start of WWII. This proved an advantage over Germany, especially as the battle became a war of attrition. </li></ul><ul><li>Production of military equipment was impressive considering the lack of resources. Average tank production in 1942 was 2,200 a month (Germany produced approximately 500). </li></ul>
  • 7. <ul><li>Copy out the timeline on p.13 using p.13-15 to add extra details. </li></ul><ul><li>Also use the following texts to add extra details about these important battles: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Battle of Moscow – McAndrew p.202-203 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Battle of Stalingrad – McAndrew p.204, Lynch p.123 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Battle of Kursk – McAndrew p.204, Lynch p.124 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Explain significance of these battles – how did they effect the outcome of the war? </li></ul>
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